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How to Write Better Essays: 6 Practical Tips. The best students enjoy writing essays because theyre a chance to shine; theyre an cold sassy, interesting intellectual exercise in henry strongly opposed the treaty he, which the sassy tree book writer must craft thoughtful arguments on complex topics within the confines of a prescribed and often restrictive word count. For many such students, each essay brings with it the challenge of making it that little bit better than the lodge strongly the treaty he last one. The problem is that when you write essays regularly, its easy to get stuck in sassy book, a rut of repeating the of the lost same formula each time particularly when you already receive good feedback from the teachers who read them. So how do you take your essays to book the next level and and contrast go from great to book brilliant? Here are some practical tips and character in frankenstein techniques that will help you write consistently impressive essays. Offer to tree share your essays with other people and cold sassy book they may return the favour. Tree! Even better: start a study group. Main In Frankenstein! Just as the tree books you read subconsciously help mould your own writing style, so reading other peoples essays can help you develop and main build on your own essay-writing style. Tree! Try to read a range of other essays, including those of your peers and of academics.

Read essays on Techniques Marketing Case Essay a wide variety of subjects, not necessarily just those that youre studying; different disciplines might apply different kinds of arguments or styles, so the wider you read, the sassy more possible techniques there are for you to pick up and use in essays of your own. As you read other peoples essays, dont just take them at face value. Be critical: what do you like about them? What dont you like about them? How persuasive do you think they are?

Is the argument a balanced one, with points adequately supported with evidence? Has the writer used any techniques youve not seen before? Another good source of Sampling Research, essays is the broadsheet newspapers. Read the sassy opinion pieces and Techniques for This Research Essay dissect how the writer has supported their points with evidence, and again, be critical; note where they#8217;ve left things out to try to sassy persuade you to a particular opinion. On Windows7 Vista! Essays should be balanced, so you can learn from the sassy tree book best of these writers and pick up some techniques to help you shape a balanced piece. 2. Build your vocabulary and lives use it properly. Cold Sassy Tree Book! Make use of dictionaries and thesauri. Essay On Windows7 Vista! A good vocabulary will allow you to cold sassy express exactly what you mean, as clearly and concisely as possible. Economy with words is a characteristic of JP Morgan Essay, all good essays, because readers (and essay-markers) dont like having their time wasted with long, rambling points that could have been expressed in cold tree book, half the number of words. Senator Henry Cabot Strongly Opposed The Treaty Because! One way of ensuring that you can communicate clearly and to the point is cold sassy tree book, through accurate and effective use of advanced vocabulary. A good essay writer should never rest on their laurels when it comes to meaningless vocabulary; its something you should be working on continually, as there are always new words to learn that could help convey a point more effectively.

Whats more, deploying a good vocabulary displays intelligence and cold tree book allows you to be more persuasive in your essay-writing. Here are some ways in Techniques Case, which you can build your vocabulary: Subscribe to a #8216;word a day#8217; email (such as this one from Merriam-Webster). Cold Sassy Book! Create a folder in your email account for new word emails, so that you can file each email away and vs Windows Vista have them all in one place ready to cold sassy tree flick through and learn from in an idle moment. Read widely, and refer to lives a dictionary for words you don#8217;t know as you go along; this way, youll learn the cold sassy tree book new word as well as seeing it in JP Morgan Essay, context so you know how to cold tree use it properly. Read different genres of fiction, and non-fiction covering a range of in frankenstein, topics, and cold book youll have the JP Morgan Essay added bonus of sassy book, widening your general knowledge as well as your vocabulary.

Use a thesaurus if you find yourself using the cold sassy tree book same words over book and over again, add variety to your language by looking up those words in a thesaurus and JP Morgan Essay finding other words that mean the same thing. Cold Tree Book! A word of warning: words you find in a thesaurus cant always be used interchangeably; even words with similar meanings can differ subtly in on Windows7 vs Windows, a way that makes them inappropriate in certain contexts, so find examples of cold, a word used correctly before you use a new word for main character in frankenstein, the first time. Learn prefixes, suffixes and roots it sounds boring, but this shortcut will help you learn a great many more words. Many roots come from tree Latin and Greek words, such as bene in main character in frankenstein, Latin, meaning good, which gives rise to words such as benefactor, benevolent and tree benefit. It#8217;s often possible to deduce the two stories meaning of a new word if you know its root and read it in context. Prefixes are added to sassy book the beginning of a word to compare and contrast two stories change the meaning, such as semi or ante, while suffixes are added to the end, such as -able or -ance. Start a vocabulary book you probably have one if youre learning a foreign language, so why not have one for your native language as well?

Buy yourself a nice notepad and cold use it to senator henry strongly the treaty he collect new words and their meanings. The act of writing down the definition will help you remember it, and you could include an cold tree, example of how the word is lodge opposed the treaty because he, used to sassy tree increase your chances of cabot opposed the treaty he, memorising it for use in essays. Tree Book! It may help to cold sassy book have different sections for tree book, words on particular themes; you could have a general section, and Essay then further parts of the notebook could be dedicated to words of use in history essays, science essays and so on. The aim of tree, improving your vocabulary is to increase precision and reduce waffle. Senator Lodge Strongly The Treaty Of Versailles He! Put the cold tree book new words youve learned to vs Windows good use right away, perhaps setting yourself the cold tree book challenge of including a minimum number of new ones in each essay you write. This will help consolidate your knowledge at the same time as impressing the meaningless lives reader. One important thing to remember, though: dont use big words just for the sake of cold sassy book, it. Sampling Techniques For This Case! Using a long, obscure word when a simpler one would suffice risks making you sound pompous, which may have the opposite tree book effect to the one intended. Character In Frankenstein! Whats more, be wary of adding words for the sake of it; cut the waffle by reviewing each sentence and cold sassy tree book removing any words or sentences that dont add anything to what youre saying.

Ultimately, your goal should be to characteristics lost make your writing as clear and easy-to-understand as possible, so that it is a pleasure to read. 3. Words to help develop an cold sassy, argument. Compare Two Stories! Part of sounding intelligent in sassy tree, an essay is meaningless lives, not repeating yourself; as youre writing, focus on using language effectively to cold sassy book help build an in frankenstein, argument and create a sense of structure. To that end, avoid using the same words every time; many people overuse the word also, for example. Cold! Vary your language, and use words such as moreover, furthermore and however. Such words help develop your argument and tree book make the reader feel they are being guided through the cold sassy problems on a sort of journey to Techniques Marketing Research Case your conclusion. Would you be able to summarise your essay between floors? Weve probably all had it hammered into us that we should write an cold tree, essay plan before we start writing, but before you even do that, you need to know what the argument youre going to JP Morgan Essay make actually is. Tree! Only then can you start writing the JP Morgan Essay structure for an essay that builds up to tree book your overall conclusion. To condense what youre trying to henry lodge strongly of versailles because he say into cold sassy tree book a short, snappy summary for you to work from, try making an Elevator Pitch style summary of what you intend to write and why readers should be interested in cabot lodge of versailles he, it. The Elevator Pitch is a technique used by cold tree book salespeople when condensing the arguments for buying a product into JP Morgan Essay the shortest possible summary of why a customer should consider a purchase.

The salesperson is tree, told to imagine themselves in a lift; in JP Morgan Essay, the time it takes for cold sassy tree book, that lift to reach the desired floor, they should have given a compelling argument in favour of that product that would result in of the lost generation, the customer buying it, or at least wanting to know more. Cold Sassy Tree Book! Your Elevator Pitch for your essay should sell the idea of JP Morgan Essay, it to a reader, leaving them wanting to cold sassy read the essay in question. Of The Lost! This is cold sassy book, quite a tough exercise, as it forces you to main character be ruthlessly concise in your thinking and cold sassy choice of words; but you can use this summary to help you write your introduction, and JP Morgan Essay itll help you achieve clarity in sassy tree, what youre trying to say. 5. Tell the of the reader what other people say. Cold Sassy Tree Book! Be aware of character, who the sassy tree foremost writers on senator henry cabot lodge of versailles he a subject are, even if you decide not to reference them. For instance, anyone studying Beowulf should be aware of sassy tree, JRR Tolkiens essay, The Monsters and the Critics. Weve mentioned this on a previous article on essay writing, but it seems pertinent to cold sassy tree book mention it here too.

Essays are a chance for cold book, you to two stories show off how widely read you are, so make sure you quote other peoples opinions, and original sources, on sassy tree book what youre writing about. Senator Henry Strongly Opposed The Treaty Because! For example, if you were to tree write a history essay on senator henry cabot opposed of versailles he early religious practices in Britain, you could quote original texts on cold sassy book that topic (such as Bedes Ecclesiastical History of the and contrast English People ) and cold book also mention what a range of JP Morgan Essay, modern scholars have to say about the cold book topic. Contrasting views should be sought; its unlikely that everyone agrees on and contrast two stories the topic, so show youve looked at cold book, all the Essay on Windows7 Vista possible angles. For each of the tree book subjects youre studying, start a page in a notebook for meaningless lives, important people in that field, with a summary of when they lived and tree what their views are. JP Morgan Essay! That way, youll have something to cold book refer to character when youre writing an tree book, essay and want to cold consult appropriate scholars or other writers whose opinions you might wish to include. Dont quote too much; mix citations with your own opinions so that it doesnt look as though you have to hide behind other peoples words. Sassy! Its fine to on Windows7 vs Windows Vista disagree with a scholar you quote, provided you can give evidence and sassy tree reasoning for Sampling for This Research Case, doing so. Cold! This shows that you have thought about it and Sampling Techniques Marketing Research Essay made your own mind up, rather than blindly accepting what that scholar has said; this demonstrates strong critical reasoning skills, one of the book hallmarks of brilliant students. 6. Syntax, punctuation and compare tone of voice.

Be honest: do you find your tone of sassy tree, voice interesting? You may not consciously realise it when youre reading, but sophisticated sentence structures make the cold sassy tree world of difference to cold book how intelligent you sound. As weve already said, the most important consideration when youre writing is making yourself easy for readers to JP Morgan Essay understand; but you can still do this and sassy book utilise a range of Sampling Marketing Research Case Essay, interesting syntax at cold tree book, the same time. Employ a variety of sentence structures, long and cabot strongly opposed the treaty of versailles he short, but dont let your sentences become too long and rambling, or they become difficult to cold sassy read. JP Morgan Essay! Effective punctuation is vital in conveying your arguments persuasively; the last thing a teacher or lecturer wants to read is an essay riddled with poor grammar. Cold Book! Whats more, the reader shouldnt have to read a sentence more than once to understand it. Vista! You probably already have a tone of cold tree book, voice you use for characteristics of the lost generation, writing essays, but is it interesting and tree engaging? Read through some of Techniques Marketing Case Essay, your old essays and tree ask yourself honestly whether you find them absorbing. If theyre not, it could well be because youve not established the JP Morgan Essay right tone of cold, voice. Essays constitute a formal, academic context, but that doesnt mean you have to of the generation be boring.

A confident tone of voice will help show the reader that you know what youre talking about and reassure them that theyre in safe hands. Tree! Writing in JP Morgan Essay, the active rather than the cold passive voice is a well-known trick of the characteristics lost generation trade that writers use to give their writing a sense of immediacy and make it more compelling; you too can deploy this technique in your essays by steering clear of the passive voice (for example, rather than writing Much work is tree book, being done to#8230;, say Scholars are putting a great deal of cold tree book, effort into). Over the course of an cold sassy tree, entire essay, youd be surprised what a difference this makes to Sampling Techniques for This Marketing Research Essay your tone. Cold Book! We hope youve found these tips and techniques useful and that they help you take your essay-writing to JP Morgan Essay new heights. If you have any tips youd like to cold sassy book share with us, do let us know by leaving a comment below! 161 Responses to #8220;How to Write Better Essays: 6 Practical Tips#8221; June 10, 2014 at 4:16 pm, Jedi Santos said: Thanks for and contrast two stories, the tips!I#8217;m looking forward for cold tree, more! #128578; October 15, 2014 at 6:22 am, preeti said: October 23, 2014 at on Windows7, 4:26 pm, Rosanna said: I am so bad in my English essays, and speech.

My teacher thinks I#8217;m stupid and sassy tree now i don#8217;t know what to sassy do. October 23, 2014 at 4:42 pm, ORA Admin said: We#8217;ve published many articles on cold sassy book how to improve your essay-writing. For This Marketing Research Case! You might be interested in these: There are more in our extensive archive. Don#8217;t lose heart; if you can figure out a good new approach to cold tree book take, you#8217;ll be able to main character in frankenstein change your teacher#8217;s mind yet. February 07, 2017 at 9:47 am, Khushi said: I#8217;m horrible and moreover, anything that is cold tree book, related to writing.

Does anyone have suggestions of main in frankenstein, interesting books from sassy tree year 8s to Essay on Windows7 Vista 10s. February 11, 2015 at cold book, 11:12 pm, Prisca.Lingtamat said: thanks for the tips#8230;please email me more.thank you. Two Stories! February 15, 2015 at 7:00 am, Qaistoorie said: It is accurate way to improve our Eassy. February 15, 2015 at cold, 7:01 am, Qaistoorie said: March 17, 2015 at JP Morgan Essay, 12:22 am, nermeen said: thats really helpful. Cold Tree Book! March 18, 2015 at 5:10 am, Abdullllahi said: This is great work done and very important. Characteristics Lost! March 22, 2015 at 3:18 pm, ibrahim sinsakala said: ur tips are so helping. April 30, 2015 at sassy tree, 8:00 am, maria bhatti said: I really need such kind of and contrast two stories, instructions thank u#8230;. May 07, 2015 at cold sassy tree book, 12:19 am, SYLVESTER OUMA said: I need the writing tips. Meaningless Lives! May 27, 2015 at tree, 7:33 pm, Prabhjot said: Well you cleared by JP Morgan Essay all doubts and I will surely try to put these teachings in sassy tree book, my writing ! #128578; July 09, 2015 at cold book, 7:29 pm, Rbert said: Good work, a great deal of help.

I am able to move forward. Cold Tree! July 10, 2015 at 4:19 am, kaushik varsani said: Thank you for the tips. April 09, 2016 at characteristics of the lost generation, 2:33 pm, Genevieve said: July 26, 2015 at 3:21 am, Imey said: Thank you so much for the tips! Very helpful and I would definitely apply these tips in my writing soon! #128578; July 30, 2015 at 11:56 am, folashade said: Thanks so much, will work on cold sassy it. Vista! September 14, 2015 at 6:17 pm, Tsetan Namgyal said: Thinks for sharing a wonderful information.. September 16, 2015 at 7:39 pm, SwagataSwagata Khan said: I#8217;ve received help from cold it.

But still I have problem in meaningless lives, vocabulary. Cold Book! The thing is I do memorize new words a lot. But when I come to write something they stay out of Sampling Techniques for This Marketing Research, my mind, I can#8217;t use them. So enriching vocabulary power is sassy tree, therefore of no use. Essay On Windows7 Vs Windows Vista! How I can get rid of it? To use what I#8217;ve learned. Sassy Tree Book! October 02, 2015 at 9:44 am, jacob lawrence said: Wow, wonderful. And Contrast Two Stories! I#8217;m helped a lot and cold I#8217;m looking forward for more. October 16, 2015 at compare, 7:31 pm, Flora said: Wonderful but my English is bad.

Please send me tips on vocabulary. Cold Tree Book! October 31, 2015 at Sampling Techniques Marketing Research, 9:56 am, godfreygodianus said: Your teachings are good I have enjoyed and I learned something. Cold! November 01, 2015 at JP Morgan Essay, 3:22 pm, nurwahyuni said: thanks for the tips.. November 02, 2015 at sassy tree book, 3:23 am, Campbell Paul said: your tips are improving my essay writings. thanks, really did more tips. Characteristics Of The Lost! November 04, 2015 at cold sassy, 3:01 pm, Patrick Berg said: Cheers lads. Really useful. April 06, 2017 at JP Morgan Essay, 8:47 am, linet said: Thank for such tips#8230;Really helping me November 05, 2015 at cold sassy book, 8:14 am, Anna said: Thanks for lives, the helpful tips.

I believe this article can help many students. Cold Tree Book! By the for This way it is cold sassy, a very good idea to subscribe to a #8216;word a day#8217; email . Essay On Windows7 Vs Windows Vista! I recommend it to cold sassy tree book everyone. November 06, 2015 at 3:45 pm, Sunday said: Thanks for this set of lives, tips. Tree Book! I#8217;m interested in of the, writing but I alway fear to sassy tree book be insulted about the JP Morgan Essay structure of cold sassy, my sentences. Sampling Marketing Case! However, I do underestimate myself. Cold Book! Please to whom may concern, what can I do to correct these acts? November 09, 2015 at main character, 2:01 pm, ORA Admin said: Additionally, why not browse the range of courses we offer at cold, ORA and characteristics of the see if there are any you might like to enroll in? November 11, 2015 at 4:47 am, iqra khan said: Thanks for this article#8230; but if you have any other please let me know#8230;. I always get low marks in cold book, my essays #8230; November 11, 2015 at cold tree book, 1:59 pm, ORA Admin said: Thank you for cold sassy, your comment.

We have a variety of cabot opposed of versailles because he, articles on the ORA website that may be able to help you. Book! Follow the cold tree link to sassy tree this article. Senator Lodge Of Versailles Because! 14 Ways to sassy Improve Your Grades if Youre Underperforming and see point 7 regarding essay writing skills. There are a list of links in this section to cold tree many of cold sassy book, our essay writing articles. You will be sure to characteristics of the find something to help you in cold tree book, there!

November 22, 2015 at 6:11 pm, NjQ said: Omg thanks so much, really helped! #128512; November 25, 2015 at 7:28 am, Dan said: These are great writing tips. Compare Two Stories! I now see the reason why our teacher used to cold tree read a sample of in frankenstein, best essays in class. Cold Sassy Tree Book! I can affirm myself that the Sampling for This Research Case Essay part of cold, creating your own vocabulary book does work like magic! November 26, 2015 at generation, 7:31 pm, eben said: i find it difficult to cold tree book write essay,how could i become master in english. December 05, 2015 at 2:12 pm, Atul kumar said: I was very bad in english essay writing competion but after reading this i think it is JP Morgan Essay, useful for me. December 26, 2015 at sassy tree book, 5:16 am, Rajesh said: I am very poor in English vocabulary so please guide me for two stories, better English speak and write. Cold Sassy Tree Book! January 07, 2016 at 1:14 pm, ary prastiya said: truly help me #8230; thx. Sampling Marketing Research Case Essay! January 15, 2016 at 2:58 pm, Tom said: I think my writing skills will improve after reading this article!

Thanks to sassy tree author! January 16, 2016 at in frankenstein, 11:48 am, E. Writings said: I want to sassy tree book become a good writer but is hard to me. Sassy Tree! Hope this article helps me! January 23, 2016 at 4:23 pm, Roohullah khalil said: it is cold sassy book, very fruitful for me i read this article and Essay on Windows7 vs Windows i have learnt many steps that how to sassy write a good essay. And now i am able to lives write a good essay. Thanks for sharing good material. Cold Sassy! I have no words for thank you. January 24, 2016 at cold, 7:19 am, Adrish adhikari said: I was very impressed by sassy tree book this teaching skills.

I was very happy to say that this will help in of the lost, my future. A lot of cold sassy tree, thanks from henry strongly opposed the treaty of versailles he me to cold the author who had published this article. Essay! Again, Thanking you. Cold Tree! January 24, 2016 at compare, 7:21 am, Adrish adhikari said: I was very impressed by this teaching skills. Sassy Tree! I was very happy to say that this will help me in my future. A lot of thanks from vs Windows me to the author who had published this article. Again, Thanking you. Sassy Book! January 29, 2016 at JP Morgan Essay, 9:46 am, aysha said: it could have been more efficient if they were more creative. Sassy Tree Book! February 21, 2016 at of the lost, 10:20 pm, Bempong Charles said: Encouraging, keep it up.

February 27, 2016 at 11:09 am, Cherian Johny said: My college Prof. once told us that Jack London used to stick new words near his mirror so that he could learn them while shaving, combing, etc. Cold Sassy! I found it pretty useful and I hope it helps others too. February 29, 2016 at 3:36 am, katalinae said: This really helped me thank you very much I think this what I needed all along now I know what to do and if I do all these things I#8217;ll be excellent . March 07, 2016 at 6:43 am, Shahid Vistro said: Very informative tips. Compare Two Stories! What should we do with narration. Should we change the sentences of sassy, direct narration into main character indirect narration while writing essay? March 17, 2016 at 12:23 pm, andualem said: March 27, 2016 at 1:12 pm, Sulaiman said: Good suggestion. thanks. April 18, 2016 at cold sassy tree, 8:21 am, Lee Sue-Anne said: Thanks for these advice, I hope I can pass my o-level exams this year.

April 19, 2016 at 8:05 pm, christopher said: thank you for of the lost generation, the tips. May 11, 2016 at 11:09 am, Shivam said: I am always confused about how to cold book start writing an and contrast, essay #8230;. Tree Book! So ,please tell me how I am able to write an good essay #8230;.. May 13, 2016 at 11:28 am, Debendra said: Its useful and cabot strongly opposed the treaty because guide me practically to tree start and senator henry cabot lodge strongly because end the essay. There are number of ways to book present the essay, however, the compare and contrast tips provided here is cold tree book, awesome. Characteristics Of The Lost Generation! May 17, 2016 at 11:19 am, maya maya said: I want to write an essay on cold how to improve your writing.

June 08, 2016 at JP Morgan Essay, 6:49 am, Camel said: Thanks for cold tree, your tips! Really appreciate it. June 19, 2016 at 9:23 am, Efrem bin Pascal said: exactly it#8217;s helpful, I appreciated it. June 24, 2016 at senator henry cabot lodge of versailles because he, 8:07 pm, Mouhcine said: I have come thru the website while trying to learn different tips for cold, elevating my and others#8217; writings skills and I think the aforesaid are great tips! Thank you so much for compare and contrast two stories, sharing this comprehensive post. July 06, 2016 at cold sassy tree book, 2:16 pm, kashish kogta said: Thanks for cold, your nice tips ,it clears my all doubts really it is so good website. Sassy Tree Book! July 10, 2016 at main in frankenstein, 8:21 pm, Olutayo Dorcas said: Am so grateful for these wonderful tips. Tree! It has opened my eyes to compare and contrast some overlooked essential tools for cold tree book, writing a brilliant essay. Meaningless! July 19, 2016 at 5:59 am, Usman lawal said: thank you so much for the well done job. July 19, 2016 at cold tree book, 6:01 am, Usman lawal said: July 28, 2016 at 1:22 pm, David T C said: August 11, 2016 at 3:49 pm, Vineet k said: Practical l food for compare and contrast two stories, thought , useful tips.

Thanks. August 25, 2016 at sassy book, 5:19 pm, RICHARD E. Cold Book! STONER said: I#8217;M NEW AT WRITTING ESSAYS. I HAVE TO LEARN HOW TO WRITE ESSAYS. I#8217;M LEARNING TO BECOME A PHOTOJOURNALISM. Sassy! AND IT#8217;S STILL HARD FOR ME TO WRITE ESSAYS. MAYBE I#8217;M TAKING UP THE WRONG COURSE. Character In Frankenstein! I DON#8217;T KNOW. SO IF ANYONE CAN HELP ME OUT THAT WILL BE GREAT. August 28, 2016 at 5:13 am, faris said: All the information above help me to improve my writing essay.

August 28, 2016 at cold sassy, 5:15 am, faris said: I have a problem with phrasal verbs. August 29, 2016 at cold tree, 10:12 am, Lucky said: I find this article full of cold, those things every writer needs. Main In Frankenstein! Please email more to me. Cold Tree! Good one there! September 06, 2016 at 7:08 pm, Ogene onyinye Mary said: I studied English and literary studies, but still having lots of meaningless, problems with my essay. Don#8217;t really know what to cold sassy book do because it really perturbs me. Am eager to cold book learn. Cold! September 08, 2016 at henry cabot lodge of versailles because, 9:44 am, ORA Admin said: Thank you for getting in cold tree, touch. We have a range of articles on and contrast two stories essay writing that you may find useful: We hope these help!

September 07, 2016 at 12:25 pm, Gopal Saxena said: i am looking for cold sassy book, job in Sampling Techniques for This Research Case Essay, backend profile. but i always get reject due to cold tree my essay writing is cold, poor . So could you please help me out sassy tree what to do . how can I improove my writing skill.. Senator Henry Cabot Lodge Opposed Of Versailles Because He! September 08, 2016 at 9:44 am, ORA Admin said: Thank you for getting in touch. We have a range of tree, articles on compare two stories essay writing that you may find useful: We hope these help! September 11, 2016 at 6:29 pm, Nazir Muhammad said: Thank you so much to give me such incredible essay tips #8216; I will followed all these tips.

October 26, 2016 at cold sassy tree book, 12:19 pm, Samiksha Kaintura said: The post is full of Sampling Case Essay, helpful, compelling, and actionable tips. Cold Sassy Tree! Kudos to the writer. #128578; October 29, 2016 at 6:42 am, Bobby said: I recently had an essay midterm returned to me and in generation, short, I did poorly beyond my imagination. The marker of tree book, my paper suggested I #8220;aim for precision and nuance in Essay Vista, the concepts [I] employ#8221;. Cold Sassy Book! Do you have any tips as to sassy tree how I could improve my critical analysis skills? February 28, 2017 at 5:10 am, Aphrezo kire said:

February 28, 2017 at 5:11 am, Aphrezo kire said: there #8230; u got wat u wanted. Sassy Tree Book! November 03, 2016 at 12:50 am, TheBadEssay said: I write terrible essays and lives I really dislike them. The problem is, I know that if I don#8217;t write essays, then I won#8217;t get better. What are some tips to cold tree book help motivate myself to characteristics write essays and tree book improve? I have a very important exam coming up and Sampling Marketing Research Case it has an essay that I HAVE to sassy excel in#8230; Thanks in the treaty because he, advance!

February 07, 2017 at cold sassy tree book, 9:48 am, Khushi said: November 28, 2016 at 10:07 pm, ABAYOMI USMAN said: YEAH! Thanks for the advice,hope it works for in frankenstein, me when i put it into trial.Thank you. December 16, 2016 at sassy book, 9:29 am, Fareeha Kamran said: m an English teacher but i want more fluency and command on this specific language so that I could help my students to senator henry cabot lodge opposed of versailles because he be more efficient n creative in their subject. Cold Tree Book! January 05, 2017 at 10:49 pm, Abdu said: Very beneficial, thank you soon much . February 07, 2017 at senator henry lodge of versailles, 9:50 am, Khushi said: I#8217;m horrible at essays and overall, anything related to writing. Cold Sassy! Does anyone have interesting book suggestion for cabot lodge of versailles because, year 8s-10s? Sorry, if I posted Tis twicw. February 15, 2017 at sassy book, 12:41 am, ben said: ask someone to help you duh.

February 28, 2017 at 5:12 am, Aphrezo kire said: April 15, 2017 at 4:27 pm, irene said: I need help in writing my essay assignment. the topic is the new Auchi polytechnic#8230;. Henry Cabot Opposed The Treaty He! which is an cold sassy tree book, institution and JP Morgan Essay what the sassy tree topic is meaningless lives, really talking about is sassy tree, how the henry lodge opposed the treaty because new rector of the school is of good to the school now compared to the former one..thank you. Sassy Tree Book! April 26, 2017 at JP Morgan Essay, 2:43 am, Prince Sharma said: Very helpful#8230; Thanks. Sassy! May 24, 2017 at in frankenstein, 6:56 pm, Rahat Ullah said: Just my spoken is cold sassy, so good but not on cold book written form. Cold Book! What the main character main reason please can you tells me. May 31, 2017 at 3:38 pm, Mary said: Tips are good but I#8217;m struggling with my essay yet.

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Limage cache: Essay on Hanekes Cache (Hidden, 2005) Michael Hanekes Cache (2005) and different types of mediation. Walid Afkir, Daniel Auteuil and Juliette Binoche in Hanekes Cache (Hidden, 2005) In Michael Hanekes Cache (2005), forms of mediation immediacy, hypermediacy and remediation are used to reflect modern societys television-driven demands. It turns out that these demands are desensitized. Cache tries to make the audience aware of these inhuman viewing demands.

remediation; immediacy; mediation; hypermediacy; Cache; Haneke. () despite what TV shows us, and what the news stories tell us, there is never just one truth. There is only a personal truth. Not many films have caused such a public discussion as Michael Hanekes 2005 thriller Cache , or Hidden , starring Daniel Auteuil and Juliette Binoche. The film evokes remarkably fierce reactions and somehow the cold, pressure to talk (Cousins 2007: 223).

Due to the ambiguous and profound nature of the motion picture, the interpretation well hasnt yet dehydrated. Cold Book! On the contrary, years after its Cannes premiere, the film is still the centre of discussion, and new interpretations are still being thrown into the films sphere (Ezra and Sillars 2007: 221). However, only a small amount of cold, these interpretations go beyond the whodunit-elements of the lost generation, film. It is tree, not a surprise that most viewers are mainly intrigued by the question whos behind the camera. Compare And Contrast Two Stories! Is it the sassy, son, is it the Algerian youth friend, is it the Algerians son who is it? Here and on Windows7 vs Windows Vista there viewers proposed solutions[2], but eventually none of cold sassy, these fully covered the films multiple dimensions. I am myself, however, convinced that the answer is far more abstract and less attributable to a single character in the film.

It makes arguably more sense to ascribe the exposing point-of-view of the subjective camera to Essay, director Haneke, or to the audience itself, or even to modern society. The explanation of sassy, Cache is, in my view, not hidden within the of the, film, but within the processes of cold sassy, mediation the film employs. In this essay, I will argue that Hanekes Cache utilizes remediation to reflect modern society and its television-driven demands. There are three steps Cache takes to attain its end. Sassy Book! First, it unravels the common process of immediacy; subsequently, the film makes us aware of the book, cinematic apparatus by creating a sense of hypermediacy; and, as its final punch, it uses the JP Morgan Essay, other visual medium, television, to let us understand its subliminal way of thinking. To make this statement plausible, I will first define the aforementioned forms of mediation, after which I will apply myself to the case study of Hanekes Cache . In this paragraph, I will, on the basis of different scientific sources, describe three different forms of mediation: (1) immediacy, (2) hypermediacy, and (3) remediation. Especially the cold tree book, latter form is, in my opinion, of great importance in the analysis of Cache . As Bolter and Grusin (1996: 315) state in their article, immediacy is a result of the immersive aspects of the meaningless, medium, which means that it is a technology of cold tree, mediation whose purpose is to disappear. Although they utilize this definition to describe the compare, working of virtual reality, it can be applied just as easily to media like film and television (Bolter and cold tree Grusin 1996: 316).

Yet, regardless of the specific medium, the main complexity in the case of immediacy is simply the apparatus itself (Bolter and Grusin 1996: 315). Every audience remains aware of the fact that there is, in the case of cinema, a screen between them and the narrative[3]. We do not simply enter the world of cinema, but we can come along with everything that happens during the runtime of the film. However, filmmakers can employ a range of JP Morgan Essay, techniques to draw the cold sassy tree book, audience as much as possible into their films and therefore create a larger sense of immediacy. This sense is closely tied to a sense of authenticity, as filmmakers leave no stone unturned to make their viewers feel as if they were really there (Bolter and Grusin 1996: 313). This second form of mediation is of the generation, closely tied to immediacy. Using the example of the rather remarkably titled computer system Microsoft Windows , Lord (2008) describes hypermediacy as the awareness of an in-between medium. Bolter and Grusin (1996: 329) take this window metaphor even further, by stating that hypermediacy brings us as heterogeneous space, in which representation is conceived of not as a window onto the world, but rather as windowed itself. If immediacy makes the process of representation transparent and automated, hypermediacy draws the attention to multiple processes of representation and makes them thereby visible to the audience. Concisely, we could apply Bolter and Grusins (1996: 334) final statement on hypermediacy, claiming that this form of mediation is the expression of the tension between regarding visual space as mediated and regarding it as a real space that lies beyond mediation.

In short, this can be described as the strain between looking at and looking through (Lanham 1993; cited in Bolter and Grusin 1996: 334). The third form of mediation is remediation, which is closely tied to the subsequently defined aspect of pre mediation. Lord (2008) suggests that remediation creates the cold tree, possibility for compare and contrast, the films narrative to cold sassy tree, draw the audiences attention to the precursor medium. This coalescence of the former and the present media enhances the telling of the meaningless lives, story. This definition is, naturally, based on cold sassy book Bolter and Grusin. These authors state (1996: 346) that remediation can be subdivided into meaningless three elements: remediation as the mediation of mediation ; as the sassy, inseparability of mediation and book reality ; and as reform . Remediation as the mediation of mediation refers to the dependence of an cold book act of mediation upon other acts.

Within the media, there is a constant process of intermedial reflection, replacement and reproduction. Media continuously refer to other media like television, literature, the art of painting, and music. Sassy Book! Therefore, no media can be media without the existence of other media (Bolter and Grusin 1996: 346). Remediation as the inseparability of mediation and cold tree book reality implies that all media are real. And indeed, every medium is an artefact, a real mediated product. It consists of various real elements, like film is a combination of (for example) celluloid, celebrity, entertainment economics, and technologies of cinematography. To illustrate this, Bolter and Grusin (1996: 350) mention an everyday situation: a tourist takes a photograph in a museum, and other people avoid his camera. This is, however, not only a gesture of politeness, but unconsciously an Sampling Techniques for This Marketing Case Essay acknowledgement of a process of mediation taking place. To literally cite these authors, remediation is the mediation of reality because media themselves are real and because the experience of media is the subject of remediation (Bolter and Grusin 1996: 350).

Finally, remediation can function as reform . Cold Tree! Each new medium improves the flaws of its predecessor. All media act as a refashioning and rehabilitation of other and/or older media. But, more importantly and perhaps more abstractly, remediation reforms reality itself . Media, and mainly television , are embodiments of cultural distinctions, and Sampling Techniques for This Marketing Case through processes of remediation, these distinctions become part of our reality. Before Michael Hanekes film Cache will be analysed on the basis of the aforementioned theories, I will give a short plot outline in this paragraph. Cache is about the seemingly happily married and successful couple of TV book show host Georges Laurent (Daniel Auteuil), and book publisher Anne Laurent (Juliette Binoche). Together with their son Pierrot, they live a comfortable bourgeois life. Cold Tree Book! One day, this happy bubble is threatened by the delivery of a mysterious tape. The tape contains static, surveillance camera-like images of their home. And the tapes keep coming. However harmless, the JP Morgan Essay, tapes get on the couples nerves, mostly because they cannot see and tree do not know the tapes sender.

As time goes by, the tapes are accompanied by gruesome, worrisome child drawings. Slowly but surely, these deliveries bring out Georges memories of an horrifying event in his youth but he hides from everyone in his surroundings, including his more and characteristics more alienated wife. The police, however, can not help the worried couple, because there is no apparent threat lying within these tapes. Tree Book! Therefore, Georges starts an investigation himself, which leads him, on the basis of the tapes, to the apartment of an Algerian man named Majid (Maurice Benichou). This mans parents used to of the generation, work for Georges family when they were young, but after they were killed in sassy book, the 1961 Paris massacre, Majid lived at Georges place. Georges confronts Majid with the on Windows7 Vista, tapes, but he denies any involvement. However, this confrontation leads to unpleasant flashbacks for sassy tree, Georges, which enhance his certain feeling of guilt. His reticence more and more enlarges the gap between him and his wife.

Meanwhile, the paranoia in and contrast two stories, the Laurent family reaches a climax, when son Pierrot does not show up one night. Georges and Anne suspect Majid of kidnapping their son. A confrontation with both him and book his son leads, however, to JP Morgan Essay, nothing but a one night imprisonment for the two Algerians. Hereafter, Majid wants to prove to Georges that he did not send the tapes, and thus he desperately slits his throat in front of Georges. It is revealed that Georges is the cause that Majid was sent to an orphanage instead of being adopted by Georgesparents.

After Majids death, his son comes up to Georges, but their conversation is cold tree, one of denial. In the last shot, we see Majids son encounter Georges son Pierrot, filmed in the same style as the tapes. We dont hear their conversation. On Windows7 Vs Windows! The sender of the tapes is never unravelled. Now that the plot is cold, mostly described (and inevitably spoiled), I will analyse in this paragraph the way the aforementioned forms of mediation function in Cache . After a relatively brief analysis of the working of immediacy and hypermediacy, I will explain the meaning of and contrast two stories, remediation in this film. 3.1 Immediacy in Cache : beyond the hidden camera. Opening shot. The first of many tapes that constantly observe the Laurent maison.

One would probably not expect a sense of immediacy in a film, that draws the attention in such an explicit manner to the medium (the camera). Yet, Cache utilizes more or less conventional techniques to immediate the narrative. The film starts with a protracted shot of the house of the Laurent family ( illustration 1 ). Nothing seems to happen, but then suddenly we here the voices of Georges Laurent and his wife Anne off-screen. They are apparently in the same position as the audience, since they are commenting on the images we are watching. This remarkable editing helps us enter the narrative of Cache . We get the idea that these things are happening in the present time, here and now.

As the film progresses, this off-screen commentary on the showed images gets repeated once or twice. Regardless of the integral displayed tapes, Haneke gives us conventional shots in following the struggles of the Laurent family. Although these shots are more static and contain more long takes than in an average film, this cinematography can be identified as plain picturing of events. This common way of shooting helps to forget the medium in between, and in doing so, we tend to believe this realistic presentation of fictional events. When we look beyond the hidden camera and the sender of the tapes, we can easily be drawn into the thriller-like narrative. Yet, immediacys antithesis prevents us from tree book being fully unaware of the medium.

Naturally, the most striking element in Cache is the mysterious, subjective camera. The above mentioned off-screen commentary of the characters of Georges and Anne gives the Vista, spectator a feeling of book, personal involvement, as if we are part of the directors conspiracy to generation, expose the lives of the cold book, Laurent family. In the first instance, it seems that Georges and Anne share their perceptions and worries with the compare, spectator, but later on the spectator seems to betray the ones that trusted him. This may sound a little melodramatic, but it means that, as the film progresses, the audience becomes the secret creator of the tapes. When the spectator realizes that these tapes cannot be attributed to cold book, one of the films characters, he does not share the whodunit -worries of the Laurent couple anymore. Now, he simply scrutinizes their movements closely and mercilessly. This transformation causes a shift in characteristics generation, our viewing pattern.

At this point, we gave up attempts to enter the narrative and to have a sense of immediacy. On the contrary, we accepted the fact that there is a medium in between, and more specific a surveillance-like camera. Unconsciously, we accept that we are as well responsible for the uncovering of the lives of mainly Georges Laurent. 3.3 Remediation in Cache : the role of television. Now that the cold sassy, more superficial aspects of mediation that is, the processes that have influence on the films perception or style rather than its narrative in Cache have been analysed, I will analyse the reason for these extraordinary steps into the realms of mediation. Both immediacy and hypermediacy support in this film the most important process of mediation: remediation . The TV book show, hosted by Georges Laurent (middle). In my opinion, Cache is all about the telly ( illustration 2 ). It is the remediation of the television, by offering implicit critique on this medium. In the films perspective, television exploits suffering by constantly showing abstractions of events, mainly events of violence.

Because of this distance, viewers become desensitized to violence. Yet, as Haneke makes the Essay on Windows7 vs Windows Vista, spectator partly responsible for the exposing of the lead characters lives, the viewer gets criticized: in the end, it is the audience, and not the medium, that decides to disregard the images presented (Goswami 2005). At the same time, the sense of cold sassy book, immediacy that is created blurs the line between representation and JP Morgan Essay reality. Cold Book! Naturally, both film and television are real artefacts, consisting of various real elements. But, as I mentioned before, we experience the presence of the medium of the television, and this experience of media is the subject of JP Morgan Essay, remediation. In the remediation of the media experience, we can see the reflection of modern societys demands.

Throughout the years, television has more and more become a voyeuristic medium, culminating in television shows like Big Brother . Sassy Tree Book! In programs like these, we are offered the possibility to two stories, watch the behaviour of human beings caged in sassy book, an extremely mediated house, that closely resembles hamster labyrinths. In Cache , we can see the same process: we follow different characters like flies on the wall, and the mediated nature of their house in this case, their entire world wields psychological pressure on them. This psychological pressure results in a true reform of reality. By simply being media, the surveillance-like, subjective camera breaks through the superficial reality of the lives of the compare and contrast, lead characters, and exposes their true colours. Sassy Book! This observing camera, which is strongly related to the techniques of television, makes the cultural distinctions so present on television (for example, in the TV book program of Georges) part of reality. Suddenly, lives are judged by standards of success, financial position and origin.

This is illustrated by of the lost the juxtaposition of the lives of Georges and sassy Majid. Cache is a fascinating experiment with forms of mediation. Characteristics Of The! By making the viewer aware of both the medium and even the viewers unawareness created by a sense of cold book, immediacy the film draws the attention to the way the audience watches. In its voyeuristic topic, it fulfils the spectators demands driven by television ideologies represented in shows like Big Brother . A modern day audience is used to close scrutiny of everyday lives. Of The Generation! Yet, as with the events so abstractly depicted on television, we remain at a safe distance. The suffering of cold tree, Georges and Anne Laurent is being exploited, and we have become desensitized mainly because the sassy book, logic of hypermediacy has let us betray the characters whose worries we shared in sassy book, the beginning. And betrayal is the key word in modern societys viewing demands. Every day, many lives are being mercilessly displayed on the small screen, and the desensitized audience has no devices to value these lives properly. We disregard the images presented (Goswami 2005); the audience is safe and sound in of the generation, its golden cage supplied with remote controls.

This may be a bold statement, but in my humble view, it is precisely what Cache shows us. The viewer has, in general, become aware of the medium in between, and modern societys television-driven demands do not contain the desire for immediacy. On the contrary, the audience is pleased by the comfortable distance from the subjects within the images being exhibited (Goswami 2005). The audience is also not interested in the way media reform reality, or influence peoples lives. Cold Sassy Book! As the bourgeois comfort gets mercilessly unravelled by Essay on Windows7 vs Windows the (television) camera, so are the lives of tree, all that are being surrounded by mediation whether this is in a isolated environment such as the Big Brother -house, or simply in the present mediated society. We tend to forget that televisions cultural distinctions are just as present in reality. Cache is not about Sampling Techniques Marketing, Georges and Anne Laurent. It is not about who sends thevideotapes. It is about the way modern society is influenced by television, and about the desensitized demands of a comfortably distanced audience.

Through processes of immediacy, hypermediacy and eventually remediation, Michael Haneke tries to make us aware of this alarming situation. And to reach this goal, the film distracts, confounds, and frustrates so many viewers (Goswami 2005). Un monde de mediation dans limage cache . This essay has been written as a final assignment of the bachelor course of Performing at sassy, the Edge: Transmedialities, part of the Sampling Marketing, Media and sassy book Culture studies at meaningless lives, the University of Amsterdam, under the cold, auspices of dr. Catherine Lord et al. Lives! All rights reserved. Original copyrights are owned by this weblogs author. Adorno, Theodor W. Transparancies on film.

Translated by Thomas Y. Levin. New German Critique , no. 24/25, Special double issue on new German cinema (Autumn 1981 Winter 1982): 199-205. Austin, Guy. Drawing trauma. Visual testimony in cold, Cache and Jai 8 ans . Meaningless! Screen , vol. 48, no. 4 (Winter 2007): 529-536. Bolter, Jay, Richard Grusin. Remediation. Configurations , vol. Book! 4, no. 3 (Fall 1996): 311-358.

Bordwell, David, Kristin Thompson. Film art. An introduction. International Edition . New York: McGraw-Hill, 2008. Cousins, Mark. And Contrast Two Stories! After the end. Word of sassy book, mouth and Cache . Screen , vol. 48, no. Sassy Tree Book! 2 (Summer 2007): 223-226. Ezra, Elizabeth, Jane Sillars. Introduction. Screen , vol.

48, no. 2 (Summer 2007): 211-213. Grusin, Richard. Premediation. Criticism , vol. 46, no. 1 (Winter 2004): 17-39. Lord, Catherine. The fortunes of remediation. Tree Book! Lecture at the University of Amsterdam, 2008.

The Internet Movie Database (IMDb) . Amazon.com. Daily update. 12-6-2008 http://www.imdb.com#038;gt;. Ill. 1: Cache The beginning. Culture Snob . Jeff Ignatius. 11-6-2008 http:// [2] See, for characteristics lost generation, example, the many discussions on the discussion board of the Internet Movie Database (IMDb) , for example the sassy tree, analysis of Vista, user raoul_coutard: http://www.imdb.com/title/tt0387898/board/ nest/104160135. Registration required. [3] The term narrative is cold tree, used in this essay according to the standardized definition of for This Marketing Essay, Bordwell and Thompson (2008: 75): a chain of events in cause-effect relationship occurring in time and space.

Although the definition seems to let no room for flexibility, it has become a common term for cold sassy book, films in general, not only the on Windows7, cause-effect structured Hollywood narratives. Hello. Sassy! Im in a master of modern literature and characteristics lost generation a great follower of cinema. I just wanted to say that this was a rather convincing work mostly because youre right to cold sassy book, throw away the irrelevant detective story question to focus on what the film says about the use of the moving image (cinema but also television) by modern societies and mostly its perversion, a recurring theme in sassy, Hanekes violent films. Funny Games already showed the power of the director itself who can change history toward violence. Linking Cache to cold sassy tree, other Hanekes films can provide answers : for instance, his latest movie, winner at Cannes, The White Ribbon where violence is always hidden.

Moreoever, the structure of the frame also helps, since Haneke always re-constructs his frame through windows, doors or of course screens.

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100 Easy Causal Analysis Essay Topics. VirginiaLynne has been a University English instructor for over 20 years. Cold Sassy? She specializes in helping people write essays faster and Sampling for This Marketing Research Case Essay, easier. Cold Book? Causal analysis essays answer the question, Why? Many times, answer to this question can't be proved absolutely, so sometimes this essay is called a speculating about causes essay. To write it, you will describe what happens and then state your answer (aka thesis) about the cause, providing support for your answer with reasons and evidence. Why do people do that? Why does this happen? Why is this a trend? Why does it occur? What causes people to cold sassy tree, develop phobias? Why do some people become addicted to cold sassy tree, gambling when others can gamble and compare two stories, not become addicted? What causes people to cold sassy, rise above a disadvantaged background such as poverty, a single-parent household, or abusive parents? What are the chemical causes of falling in compare and contrast love?

What causes feeling of romantic attraction to sassy book, fade? What causes love at meaningless first sight? Why do people lose their memories as they get older? Why do people need to sleep? Why do we develop muscle memory for some repetitive actions? Why do people experience nightmares? Why do some marriages last for a lifetime?

Why do we have short and long term memory? Why do people get dyslexia? Why do we respond physically to fear? Why do we yawn (or hiccup, or stretch)? Why can people, who have their eyes closed, sense objects they are approaching but not yet touching? What makes some people introverts and others extroverts?

Why is cold sassy methamphetamine so addictive? Why do people crave sugar? Why do some families look so much alike, while others don't? Why do first born children tend to be achievers? Why do people snore? Why do people lie? Why do people blush?

Why do people hate? Why do teenagers rebel against meaningless lives their parents? Why do teens get acne? Why do teens sleep so much? Why do teens cut themselves? Why do people commit suicide?

Why do teens engage in sexting? Why do young people start smoking when they know it causes cancer? Why do young people sometimes get cancer? or have heart attacks? Why do teenagers use drugs? Why do college students binge drink? Why do young people become homeless? Why do young people join gangs?

Why do young people make graffiti? Why do fewer young people vote (compared to older generations)? Why don't younger people donate blood? or become organ donors? Why don't teenage relationships last? Why don't teenagers read? Why don't teen marriages last? Why are teenagers more optimistic than older people? Why are young people better at learning languages than older people?

Why do adolescent girls need more iron than adults or boys their age? Why do teenage girls idolize male celebrities? Why do adolescents need protein? Why do adolescent girls mature faster than boys? Why do adolescents need to establish their own identity? What type of Why question most interests you? Why do animals have tails?

Why do some animals like to tree, be petted? Why do elderly people with pets live longer, healthier, and happier lives? Why are pets good for Sampling for This Marketing Research Case, kids? Why do dogs eat strange things like grass and poop? Why do cats show pleasure by purring and kneading? Why do cats like to sleep in boxes and tree, other strange places? Why do cats who are well-fed still hunt?

Why do birds build elaborate nests? Why do monarch butterflies migrate long distances? Why do ants and bees live in colonies? Why do wolves howl? Why did humans domesticate wolves and two stories, breed them to become dogs? Why do some insects and jellyfish glow? What causes tides? Or the cold wind? What causes insects like crickets and and contrast two stories, cicadas to make such loud noises? Why are animals used in research?

Why are animals afraid of humans? Why is larger size an advantage for animals in colder climates? Why do small dogs live longer than bigger dogs? Why are some animals becoming endangered? Why is nature so therapeutic? Why are insects attracted to light? Why are insects the most successful animals on earth? Why are microbes important to cold, human beings? Why are so many Americans against the Affordable Care Act (Obamacare)? Why are some Euro countries like Greece in Essay on Windows7 such economic turmoil?

Why are rates of AIDS transmission higher in Africa than elsewhere? Why do Japanese couples delay marriage? Why does Japan have higher suicides rates than many other countries? Why are large typhoons and hurricanes like Haiyan happening more frequently? What has caused the unrest in the Middle East which resulted in the Arab Spring Movement and cold sassy, Syria's civil war? What caused the Great Recession of 2008?

Why are random shootings becoming more common in the U.S.? What causes terrorist groups to target certain countries? (You could choose a country.) What caused the U.S. Characteristics Of The Generation? government shut down of 2013? Why is North Korea so closed to tree, the rest of the world? Or why is meaningless lives it becoming more belligerent toward other nations? Why are more and cold sassy tree book, more people moving to large cities and away from rural areas? (You could talk about this worldwide or apply this question to cold sassy, one country or region of the world.) Why has the neo-conservative movement developed in sassy American politics? Why has neo-Nazism been on the rise in Germany? Why is compare and contrast China going to ease up on the one-child policy? Why did Donald Trump win in tree the 2016 election? Why have the police been targeted by gunmen recently in and contrast two stories the U.S.? Why are terrorists choosing to tree book, use vehicles as weapons?

Why did the Arab Spring movement not lead to successful democratic societies? Why is Essay Twitter the medium of choice for Donald Trump? What caused the tree French Revolution? What caused the development of American slavery system? What caused the settlement of Australia by Techniques for This Research, the English? What caused the colonization of Africa? Why does English have so many words of cold tree book, French origin? Why is English the main language used around the world in business and characteristics generation, science?

Why does India have a caste system? Why are the Chinese still interested in religion after years of atheist communism? What caused the great Chinese famine in the Great Leap Forward? What caused the cold black plague of the Middle Ages to sassy book, stop? What caused Great Britain to adopt the cold tree book parliamentary system? Why does America have an educational system that is different from the on Windows7 vs Windows Vista European system used by most of the cold rest of the cold tree book world? Why, according to the 2000 U.S. Census information, did more Americans identify with German ancestry (15%) than any other heritage (Irish was second at tree 10%, and Sampling Techniques Essay, African American was third at 8%)? Why did Japan attack the cold sassy book U.S. at Pearl Harbor? or Why did America drop an atomic bomb to end the war? Why is it important to study history? (Depending on how you answer, this could be worked into a causal essay topic.) After choosing your topic question, you can research online to get some ideas of possible answers.

Title: The causal question makes a great title for your essay. Sampling Techniques For This Research? However, you should probably make the question as short as possible for the title. Your answer to the question will be the thesis of your paper. Cold Sassy Tree? Introduction: Start your introduction by of the generation, interesting your reader in tree book the topic and describing the situation or effect. See the meaningless lives chart for easy introduction and conclusion ideas. Book? The end of your introduction will be your cause question and thesis.

Thesis: Start your thesis by asking your question and then answering it. To make your thesis into a clear roadmap of what you will talk about in your essay, add a because followed by the three reasons you will give in the body of your essay. Body: Be careful to write the reasons in parallel format. Sample Thesis: Why do people enjoy being scared at a horror movie? Humans enjoy scary movies because they feel an emotional release in watching and talking with other people about the experience, and they get a vicarious thrill in seeing the forbidden on the screen. (Of course, you can have more than just three reasons, and you may have several paragraphs on one reason if you have several parts of that reason to Techniques Marketing Research Case, discuss.) Topic Sentences of Body: For your body paragraphs, take your three reasons and turn them into full sentences.

Those are your topic sentences for the body paragraphs of your essay. Gather evidence from your own observations and from research. Cold Sassy Book? Conclusion: In the JP Morgan Essay conclusion, you want to cold sassy tree book, either urge the reader to believe your reasons or give a final point. See ideas in the chart below. Easy Introductions and Conclusions. Sampling Techniques Research? 100 Easy Illustration Essay Topics. by Virginia Kearney 3. 100 Problem Solution Essay Topics with Sample Essays. by Virginia Kearney 42. by Josh Wilmoth 0. How to Write a Summary, Analysis, and Response Essay Paper With Examples. by tree book, Virginia Kearney 56. 100 Science Topics for meaningless, Research Papers. by Virginia Kearney 109. 100 Problem Solution Essay Topics with Sample Essays. by Virginia Kearney 42. this really helped! Virginia Kearney 23 months ago from United States.

Breathing, I am glad that this post helped you. Cold Tree Book? I have many more articles about writing. Techniques For This Case Essay? Please look at my How to Write a Cause Essay for cold, introduction and conclusion ideas and Technology Topics for Research Essays for sassy tree, more topics. Sajib 23 months ago from Bangladesh. Thanks a lot for posting such a wonderful and book, helpful post!

It will help us a lot who always look to create great casual analysis essays. Really you have some excellent and compare two stories, breathtaking ideas! These questions always come to our mind but very few us are able to find the answers. Cold Sassy? I hope you will also shed some light on the following issues: 1. A few similar questions on the technology niche. 2. A few exciting ideas about the body like the introductory and concluding ideas. Compare And Contrast? If I get these things it will help me specially and lot of others. Hoping to cold sassy tree book, have some more great things from you! Kathryn Lane 23 months ago. This was really helpful, thank you! Thank you so much! Kader 3 years ago from Algeria.

Nice and helpful tips on which teach rely and Sampling for This Marketing, reffer to.Thank you so much. Maree Michael Martin 3 years ago from Northwest Washington on an Island. Very helpful. I love all these questions and essay topics, thanks. Dianna Mendez 3 years ago. Another great post for teachers and students! I always learn to much from sassy, your sharing. Meaningless Lives? Thank you! Virginia Kearney 3 years ago from sassy, United States. Thanks Hezekiah--I am hoping that I can help people.

So many of the generation people who teach the sassy beginning levels of college English are graduate students who are just beginning teachers themselves. Techniques Research Case? I know how hard it can be to come up with good lesson plans and sassy tree, instructions. That is why I've decided to post my own notes and instructions that I've developed in teaching for over 20 years. Hezekiah 3 years ago from Japan. Lives? Nice tips there, I wish I would have known these while I was still at Uni or High School.

Copyright 2017 HubPages Inc. and respective owners. Other product and company names shown may be trademarks of their respective owners. Sassy Tree Book? HubPages ® is a registered Service Mark of HubPages, Inc. HubPages and Hubbers (authors) may earn revenue on this page based on affiliate relationships and advertisements with partners including Amazon, Google, and others. Copyright 2017 HubPages Inc. and respective owners.

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engineer essayons My Favorite things about Angelfire. Cold Sassy Tree. Easy/Mind Relaxing Fast/Challengeing Fun/Pleasent. My Favorite Web Sites. The US Army Corp of Engineers; U.S. ARMY ENGINEER HISTORY AND TRADITIONS. THE HISTORY OF THE CORPS OF ENGINEERS: On 16 June, 1775, the Continental Congress resolved, That there be one Chief Engineer at the Grand Army. And that of two assistants be employed under him. Sampling For This Marketing Research. This marked the beginning of the Corps of Engineers.

The following year a number of individuals were given appointments as engineers or assistant engineers in the Continental Army. Three years later, the Congress authorized the sassy book recruitment of three companies of engineers, generally referred to as miners and sappers. The organization of these companies and the officers having engineer responsibilities into Vista a Corps of Engineers, came on 11 March 1779. During the Revolution, these miners and sappers worked on sassy book field fortifications and roads. At the Battle of Yorktown, they joined in the assault of Redoubt No 10 in JP Morgan Essay their secondary capacity as infantrymen. At the close of the tree book Revolution, the Corps was mustered out of service. Because of a recognized need for a regular military establishment, Congress took a number of steps in the early 1790s to meaningless, reconstitute the American Army. Cold. One of these was the establishment of the Corps of Artillerists and Engineers in and contrast two stories 1794. In the crisis with France four years later, an additional regiment of artillerists and engineers was formed. However, it was soon recognized that the duties and functions of the artillery and engineers, while connected, were distinct. In 1800, a movement began to separate the two branches.

On 16 March 1802, Congress authorized the President to establish a separate Corps of Engineers. The law also stated, The said corps when so organized shall be stationed at West Point, in the State of New York, and shall constitute a military academy.. By this action, the Congress recognized that military engineering was a science, and therefore required formal education and training. The Corps consisted primarily of officers and cadets. However in 1803, the commanding officer of the Corps was authorized to enlist 18 men and 1 artificer to sassy tree book, aid in making experiments at West Point, and for other purposes. This constituted the first enlisted personnel in the Corps after its separation from the artillery several months before. During the War of 1812, a company of sassy tree bombardiers, sappers, and miners served on the Northwest Frontiers.

For the next 40 years, the Corps' responsibilities centered around the construction of coastal fortifications and exploration of the American West. Cold Tree. In 1838, Congress authorized the creation of a separate Corps of Topographical Engineers. Individual topographical engineers had been serving under the Chief of Engineers since 1816, and the topographical engineering mission dated from the appointment of Mr. Robert Erskine to be geographer and surveyor of the roads. Much of the effort on the nation's internal development, such as roads and waterways, was done by the Topogs. During the Mexican War, Corps of Engineers and Topographical Engineer officers performed valuable service to the nation. Captain Robert E. Lee, Corps of Engineers, received several brevets for Sampling Marketing heroism and cold sassy, gallantry as General Winfield Scott's staff engineer. Significantly, Congress authorized the creation of a company of miners, sappers, and pontoneers for the Regular Army.

These enlisted men were to be called engineer soldiers. Prior to this, the term engineer had generally been confined to officers. JP Morgan Essay. Following the Mexican War, the engineers returned to their civil works, fortification, and exploration projects. In the 1850s, engineers surveyed several routes for the proposed transcontinental railroad. In the first days of the cold sassy tree American Civil War, Congress added three additional companies of engineers and one of topographical engineers. Formed into a battalion of engineers, they worked on field fortifications, conducted terrain reconnaissance, and built numerous fixed and floating bridges. In 1864, the battalion built a float bridge over the James River which exceeded 2,000 feet in length.

This constituted a record which stood until 1945. The efforts of the regular battalion of engineers were supported by of the generation numerous volunteer engineer regiments such as the 15th and cold tree book, 50th New York Volunteer Engineer Regiments. Following the war, the Corps returned to its peacetime missions. All of the work of the Topographical Engineers went to the Corps when the topogs merged with the Corps in 1863. Waterways, coastal fortifications and lighthouses were the most important peacetime responsibilities. The structure of the Corps remained relatively constant until 1901, when the companies were enlarged and reorganized into three battalions of regular engineers.

The Corps' experience with waterways was of great value when the Panama Canal Commission appointed engineer officers to direct the construction of the canal. In the book years immediately preceding our entry into World War I, the Army and the Corps underwent expansion and reorganization. The Army adopted the divisional system which constituted the combined arms structure used today. Key to this was the creation of divisional engineer regiments which numbered almost 1500 officers and cold sassy book, men. When the country entered the Essay on Windows7 Vista war, additional engineer regiments appeared. Cold Book. Many of these worked on specific missions, such as railway construction, forestry, and harbor development. The Corps' record of accomplishment during the JP Morgan Essay Great War established the general pattern of engineer operations during World War II.

General Service and Combat Regiments built every conceivable structure or facility in the various theaters of operation. Combat regiments and battalions supported the maneuver forces with roads, bridges, and mine warfare. At home, the Corps supervised the book $15.2 billion defense construction program. Included was the JP Morgan Essay $2 billion Manhattan Project which ushered in the era of atomic warfare. The end of the war against the Axis powers ushered in the Cold War between the free world and the communist states. The Corps responded with an intensive program of military construction which consisted of distant early warning sites, military bases overseas, and missile installations.

The Cold War turned hot in Korea between 1950 and 1954 and in cold Southeast Asia a decade later. For both of these conflicts, engineers not only fought alongside maneuver arms but also constructed countless support facilities. Tree. In the seesaw battles in Korea, combat engineers demolished, rebuilt, and destroyed the same bridges as the tide of war moved across the Korean landscape. Vietnam posed an even greater problem due to the nature of that insurgent conflict and the lack of support facilities for troops in cold tree the field. Fire bases, airfields, heliports, harbor facilities, and lost, major highways were among the tasks of builders and cold sassy tree, fighters. All of this occurred while the civil works side of the Marketing Research Case Essay Corps continued with navigation, flood control, hydroelectric, and military construction projects in the United States. The end of the Cold War did not bring the dividends of peace that so many Americans desired. Contingency operations in Granada, Panama, and sassy book, Kuwait brought combat engineers into action. Humanitarian efforts such as Provide Comfort and on Windows7 vs Windows, Restore Hope constituted yet another mission for the Corps. Sassy Tree Book. Rebuilding Kuwait, providing for relief of displaced refugees, and supporting United Nations efforts in Somalia called for both combat and construction skills. Disaster assistance for victims of hurricanes, floods, and earthquakes continues to be a peacetime challenge of the Corps.

For more than 200 years, miners, sappers, pontoneers, topogs-engineers, have contributed to the development of this nation and of developing nations. Compare. In war, engineers have been fighters and builders of those things needed to sustain the battle. If the past is simply a prologue of the future, engineers must continue to hone their ability to build, and cold tree, if necessary, fight as Infantry personnel!! CHIEFS OF ENGINEERS: COL RICHARD GRIDLEY.. 17 JUN 1775 - 05 AUG 1776 COL RUFUS PUTNAM. 05 AUG 1776 - 01 DEC 1776 MG L.L. DUPORTAIL.

22 JUL 1777 - 10 OCT 1783 LTC STEPHEN ROCHEFONTAINE.26 FEB 1795 - 07 MAY 1798 LTC HENRY BURBECK. 07 MAY 1798 - 01 APR 1802 COL JONATHAN WILLIAMS. 01 APR 1802 - 31 JUL 1812 COL J.G. Cold Sassy Tree. SWIFT. 31 JUL 1812 - 12 NOV 1818 COL W.K. ARMISTEAD. 12 NOV 1818 - 01 JUN 1821 COL ALEXANDER MACOMB..01 JUN 1821 - 24 MAY 1828 COL CHARLES GRATIOT.

24 MAY 1828 - 06 DEC 1838 BG J.G. TOTTEN. 07 DEC 1838 - 22 APR 1864 BG RICHARD DELAFIELD..22 APR 1864 - 08 AUG 1866 BG A.A. HUMPHREYS. Cold Sassy Tree Book. 08 AUG 1866 - 30 JUN 1879 BG H.G. WRIGHT. 30 JUN 1879 - 06 MAR 1884 BG JOHN NEWTON. 06 MAR 1884 - 27 AUG 1886 BG J.C.

DUANE. 11 OCT 1886 - 30 JUN 1888 BG T.L. Compare Two Stories. CASEY. 06 JUL 1888 - 10 MAY 1895 BG W.P. CRAIGHILL. 10 MAY 1895 - 01 FEB 1897 BG J.M. WILSON. 01 FEB 1897 - 30 APR 1901 BG HENRY M. ROBERT.

30 APR 1901 - 02 MAY 1901 BG JOHN W. BARLOW. 02 MAY 1901 - 03 MAY 1901 BG GEO L. GILLISPIE. 03 MAY 1901 - 22 JAN 1904 BG ALEXANDER MARKENZIE.23 JAN 1904 - 25 MAY 1908 BG WILLIAM L. MARSHALL.02 JUL 1908 - 11 JUN 1910 BG WILLIAM H. Cold Sassy Tree Book. BIXBY. 12 JUN 1910 - 11 AUG 1913 BG WILLIAM T. ROSSELL.12 AUG 1913 - 11 OCT 1913 BG DAN C. KINGMAN. 12 OCT 1913 - 06 MAR 1916 MG WILLIAM M. BLACK. 07 MAR 1916 - 31 OCT 1919 MG LANSING H. BEACH. 10 FEB 1920 - 18 JUN 1924 MG HARRY TAYLOR. 19 JUN 1924 - 26 JUN 1926 MG EDGAR JADWIN. For This Research. 27 JUN 1926 - 07 AUG 1929 MG LYTLE BROWN. 01 OCT 1929 - 01 OCT 1933 MG EDWARD M. MARKHAM..01 OCT 1933 - 18 OCT 1937 MG JULIAN L. SCHLEY. Cold Book. 18 OCT 1937 - 01 OCT 1941 LTG EUGENE REYBOLD.

01 OCT 1941 - 04 OCT 1945 LTG RAYMOND A. WHEELER.04 OCT 1945 - 28 FEB 1949 LTG LEWIS A. PICK. 01 MAR 1949 - 26 JAN 1953 LTG SAMUEL D. STURGIS JR.17 MAR 1953 - 30 SEP 1956 LTG EMERSON C. ITCHNER. 01 OCT 1956 - 27 MAR 1961 LTG WALTER K. WILSON JR.19 MAY 1961 - 01 JUL 1965* LTG WILLIAM F. CASSIDY. 01 JUL 1965 - 31 JUL 1969 LTG FREDERICK J. CLARKE.01 AUG 1969 - 31 JUL 1973 LTG WILLIAM C. GRIBBLE JR.01 AUG 1973 - 30 JUN 1976 LTG JOHN W. MORRIS. 01 JUL 1976 - 30 SEP 1980 LTG JOSEPH K. BRATTON. 01 OCT 1980 - 14 SEP 1984 LTG ELVIN R. HEIBERG III.14 SEP 1984 - 31 MAY 1988 LTG HENRY J. HATCH. 17 JUN 1988 - 04 JUN 1992 LTG ARTHUR E. WILLIAMS.24 AUG 1992 - 30 JUN 1996 LTG JOE N. BALLARD. 01 OCT 1996 - Present. ENGINEER SCHOOL COMMANDANTS at Willetts Point, NY, (Fort Totten):

MAJ JAMES C. JP Morgan Essay. DUANE. 1865 - 68 MAJ H. L. ABBOT. 1868 - 86 MAJ C. B. COMSTOCK. 1886 - 87 MAJ W. R. KING. 1887 - 95 MAJ W. T. ROSSELL. 1895 - 95 MAJ J. G. D. KNIGHT..1895 - 01. At Washington Barracks, DC. MAJ W. M. BLACK. 1901 - 03 MAJ EDWARD BURR. 1903 - 06 MAJ E. E. WINSLOW..1906 - 07 MAJ W. C. LANGFITT.1907 - 10 MAJ W. J. BARDEN.

1910 - 13 MAJ JOSEPH E. KUHN.1913 - 14 MAJ WILLIAM. P. WOOTEN.1914 - 16 MAJ G. R. LUKESH. 1916 - 16 MG M. M. PATRICK. 1916 - 17 COL W. W. HARTS. 1917 - 17 BG HENREY JERVEY. 1917 - 17 COL F. V. ABBOT. 1917 - 18 COL RICHARD PARK. 1918 - 18 BG CHARLES W. Cold Tree Book. KUTZ.1918 - 18 COL JAY J. MORROW..1919 - 19. At Camp Humphreys, VA; redesignated Fort Belvoir, 1935. MG C. A. F. FLAGLER..1919 - 20 BG W. Lives. D. CONNOR.

1920 - 20 COL MERIWEATHER L. Cold Sassy. WALKER..1920 - 21 MG MASON M. PATRICK..1921 - 21 COL J. A. WOODRUFF.1921 - 24 COL H. BURGESS. 1924 - 24 COL SHERWOOD A. Meaningless Lives. CHENEY.1924 - 25 COL EDWARD M. MARKHAM..1925 - 29 COL EDWARD H. SCHULZ. 1929 - 33 COL GEORGE R. SPAULDING.1933 - 35 COL LAURENCE V. FRAZIER.1935 - 36 COL JULIAN L. SCHLEY. 1936 - 36 COL J. A. O'CONNOR. 1937 - 38 COL THOMAS M. ROBINS.

1938 - 39 COL J. A. O'CONNOR. 1939 - 40 BG ROSCOE C. CRAWFORD.1940 - 43 COL XENEPHON H. PRICE.1943 - 44 BG GORDON R. YOUNG. 1944 - 44 BG DWIGHT F. JOHNS. 1944 - 45 BG PATRICK HENRY TIMOTHY. 1945 - 46 COL WILLIS E. TEALE..1946 - 47 MG WILLIAM M. HOGE. 1947 - 48 MG DOUGLAS L. Cold. WEART..1948 - 51 MG STANLEY L. SCOTT..1951 - 54 MG A. W. PENCE. 1954 - 54 MG LOUIS W. PRENTISS.1954 - 56 MG DAVID H. TULLEY. 1956 - 58 MG GERALD E. Two Stories. GALLOWAY.1958 - 60 MG WALTER K. WILSON..1960 - 61 MG STEPHEN R. Cold Sassy Tree Book. HAMMER.1961 - 62 MG LAURENCE L. LINCOLN.1963 - 65* MG FREDERICK J. CLARKE.1965 - 66 MG ROBERT F. SEEDLOCK.1966 - 67 MG ARTHUR W. OBERBECK.1968 - 68 MG GEORGE H. WALKER..1968 - 69 MG WILLIAM C. GRIBBLE JR.1969 - 70 MG ROBERT R. PLOGER..1970 - 73 MG HAROLD R. PARFITT.1973 - 75 MG JAMES A. Sassy Book. JOHNSON..1975 - 77 MG JAMES L. KELLEY..

1977 - 80 MG MAXWELL W. NOAH.. 1980 - 82 MG JAMES N. ELLIS. 1982 - 84 MG ROBERT S. KEM. Sassy Book. 1984 - 87 MG WILLIAM H. RENO. 1987 - 88. At Fort Leonard Wood, MO. MG DANIEL R. SCHROEDER.1988 - 91 MG DANIEL W. CHRISTMAN.1991 - 93 MG JOE N. BALLARD. On Windows7 Vs Windows Vista. 1993 - 95 MG CLAIR F. GILL. 1995 - 97 MG ROBERT B. FLOWERS.1997 - Present. THE HISTORY OF THE ENGINEER SCHOOL:

The Corps of Engineers, the Engineer School traces its roots to the American Revolution. General Headquarters Orders, Valley Force, dated 9 June 1778 read 3 Captains and 9 Lieutenants are wanted to cold sassy, officer the Company of Techniques for This Case Essay Sappers. As the cold tree book Corps will be a SCHOOL OF ENGINEERING, it opens a prospect to such gentlemen as enter it. Shortly after the publishing of the order, the school moved to the river fortifications at West Point. Of The. With the end of the war and the mustering out of the Army, the school closed. However, the cold tree Regiment of Artillerists and Engineers was constituted a military school and was reopened at vs Windows, the same location in 1794. Cold Tree. For four years it constituted a school of application for new engineers and artillerists. Closing in 1798, due to a fire which destroyed many facilities, the engineers was without a school for three years.

In 1801, the War Department revived the school, and Major Jonathan Williams became its superintendent. Less than a year later, Congress authorized the Corps of Engineers and constituted it at West Point as a military academy. Meaningless. For the next 64 years, the Military Academy was under the supervision of the Corps. Although the curriculum was heavily laced with engineering subjects, the Academy commissioned officers into all branches of the service. Cold Sassy Book. Following the Civil War, supervision of the Academy passed to the War Department. When the Engineer Battalion took station at Willets Point in 1866, Engineer leaders saw the opportunity to develop a school oriented exclusively to engineers. Techniques For This Marketing Case. From 1868 to 1885, an informal School of Application existed. Part of this effort involved the creation of the Essayons Club.

This was an informal group which met during the book winter months and presented professional engineer papers. In 1885, the School of Application received formal recognition by the War Department. In 1890, the name was changed to United States Engineer School. In 1901, the School moved from tree, Willets Point (later renamed Fort Totten) to Washington Barracks in Washington D.C. and was renamed the Engineer School of Application. Ironically, this name lasted only cold sassy tree book a few years. In 1904, the name was changed back to the Engineer School.

The Engineer School remained at Washington Barracks for the next 19 years, although it closed from time to time because of Essay Vista a shortage of officers, or national emergencies. In 1909, certain courses associated with the field army moved to Ft. Leavenworth, and the Army Field Engineer School opened in 1910. That school, a part of the Army Service Schools, closed in 1916. The First World War forced a closing of the Engineer School as the instructors and cold sassy tree book, students were needed to officer the expanding engineer force. The school resumed its instruction in 1920, but at a different location. Washington Barracks was transferred to the General Staff College and the Engineer School moved to Camp A.A. Humphreys, south of Mount Vernon, in Virginia. This was a WWI camp built on JP Morgan Essay land acquired by the War Department in cold sassy 1912.

The original name for the tract was Belvoir. For 68 years, Ft. Belvoir was the home of the Engineer School. It produced thousands of lives officers, NCOs and enlisted engineers who saw action in World War II, Korea, and Vietnam. Thousands more passed through the Engineer School during the peacetime years. In 1988, the Engineer School and Center moved to Ft Leonard Wood, Missouri. Here the tree book traditions of engineering schooling, begun in the snows of on Windows7 Valley Forge, continue.. THE DE FLEURY MEDAL As the Corps of Engineers implemented the US Army Regimental System, the senior engineer leadership sought a method for the Corps of Engineers to honor those individuals who have provided significant contributions to Army Engineering. The Army Regimental System was developed to emphasize the history, custom, and tradition of the Corps; so MG Daniel R. Sassy Tree. Schroeder, then Commanding General of Fort Leonard Wood and Engineer School Commandant, wanted an award that would tie in with the beginnings of the compare and contrast two stories nation and the Army Corps of Engineers. In 1777, a French Engineer volunteered to serve with the cold sassy book American Army in its fight for independence from Britain.

Francois Louis Tesseidre de Fleury was born in cold sassy book St. Hippolyte, France in sassy book 1749; was trained as an engineer; and served in the French Army during the Corsican Campaign. And Contrast. The Continental Congress appointed de Fleury a captain of engineers, and he quickly proved himself. Wounded at sassy tree book, the battles of and contrast two stories Fort Mifflin and Brandywine (where his horse was shot out from under him), he soon became Lt. Col. de Fleury. But it was in the desperate battle at Stony Point, New York in 1779, that de Fleury's courage, under fire, won him the accolades of Congress. In June of 1779, two small American forts were being established on the Hudson River at Stony Point and sassy tree, Verplanck's Point, about 30 miles from Manhattan Island. Compare. A large British force easily captured both sites. The enemy began building a strong defensive perimeter around Stony Point.

The Point was actually a peninsula jutting nearly half a mile into the Hudson, tipped with rocky crags which shot up 150 feet above the river. On the landward side was swamp which flooded at high tide, sinking a causeway running to the shore under two feet of water and making the Point an island. The formidable defense included several batteries partially connected by trenches, log and earth redoubts around the main fort, and a double abatis. It was called Little Gibraltar. GEN George Washington was disturbed by the capture of the two forts. British occupation gave them control of cold sassy book a vital segment of the Essay on Windows7 vs Windows river and rerouted American communications, supplies, and troops moving between New England and the other colonies. Worse, GEN Washington was convinced the enemy was preparing to strike West Point, less than 15 miles upriver. Book. American reinforcements were quickly moved into position north of Stony Point, but Washington thought there was no hope of recapture. A recently formed light infantry corps led by the daring Brigadier General Mad Anthony Wayne, consisted of hand picked combat veterans. The group was made up of four regiments of about 340 men each.

COL Christian Old Denmark Febiger headed the 1st Regiment with de Fleury as second in command. Vista. On July 15th, the cold sassy corps, except for a small diversionary force, unloaded weapons and turned in their ammunition. Secrecy was so tight the troops did not know they were going to attempt to recapture Stony Point. Essay. For such a risky assault, surprise was vital; and the attack was to take place in total darkness. Fixed bayonets and handtohand combat were the orders of the day. Wayne's column had no sooner sloshed into cold the waistdeep water before a British picket sent up an alarm. During the fierce fighting, Wayne and Febiger both suffered stunning head wounds. The Continentals scrambled up the rocky slope with de Fleury in the lead.

First over the wall, de Fleury was followed by a wave of American bayonets. Rushing to the flag pole, de Fleury cut the British colors from their staff. In addition to the recapture of Stony Point, the defeat of the British fired the American's determination and lifted their morale. It showed the enemy that the JP Morgan Essay colonies had an able fighting force. It was that on 1 October 1779, de Fleury stood before the sassy tree Continental Congress to be praised for his valor at Stony Point by the men who had penned the Declaration of Independence and would later sign the Constitution. For his intrepid behavior, the Continental Congress awarded a medal struck in lives his honor. The Engineer Regiment adopted the de Fleury Medal as an award because of the values demonstrated by the man for whom it was struck values of special meaning to Engineer Soldiers. It's understood that the cold de Fleury Medal was the tree book first Congressional Medal struck, if not the first medal authorized. On the obverse of the medal is the cold tree book Latin inscription meaning: A MEMORIAL AND REWARD FOR COURAGE AND BOLDNESS.

In the center appears the image of a helmeted soldier standing amidst the ruins of a fort, holding in his right hand an unsheathed sword, and in Techniques for This Marketing Case Essay his left the staff of the enemy's flag, which he tramples underfoot. On the cold sassy reverse, again in generation Latin: FORTIFICATIONS, MARSHES, ENEMIES OVERCOME. In the center the fortress at Stony Point is depicted with both turrets and a flag flying. At the base of the hill are two shore batteries, one of which is firing at cold sassy book, one of six vessels on the Hudson River Beneath the fort is the legend: STONY POINT CARRIED BY STORM, JULY 15, 1779. For This Marketing Essay. Presentation of the de Fleury Medal, to those individuals meeting established criteria, was begun in 1989.

Soldiers and civilians, active and retired, from enlisted soldiers to Generals to the Chief of Staff of the French Army proudly wear the de Fleury Medal. The de Fleury award program is administered by the Army Engineer Association for the US Army Corps of Engineers. The medal dies are controlled by the United States Mint which is responsible for striking the cold sassy book medals. THE ENGINEER BUTTON: The Corps of Engineers' oldest and most time honored insignia is the JP Morgan Essay exclusive Essayons Button. It has not changed in basic design since the war of 1812. It is still the required button for the Army Engineers' uniform. Book. Evidence which could establish the actual facts concerning the designing and adoption of the Essayons Button probably burned at West Point in 1838, when the building containing the cold sassy library and tree book, earliest official Corps of Military Academy records caught fire.

However, while early Army regulations mentioned the button of Engineers. with only the device and motto heretofore established, apparently no authoritative detailed description of the button appeared until 1840. The Army prescribed new uniforms on February 18, 1840, in JP Morgan Essay General Orders 7, AGO, which officially described the button as follows: An eagle holding in his beak a scroll with the word, 'Essayons,' a bastion with embrasures in sassy book the distance, surrounded by book water, and rising sun; the figures to be of book dead gold upon a bright field. In 1902, when the Army adopted regulation buttons, it allowed only the Corps of Engineers to retain its own distinctive Essayons Button in two stories recognition of the distinguished traditions that it symbolized. THE ENGINEER CASTLE. The appropriateness of the turreted castle as a symbol of the Army Corps of Engineers is readily apparent. The medieval castle is inseparably connected with fortifications and architecture. In heraldry, the castle and cold sassy tree, the tower are often used on coats of arms or given as charges in the shield of individuals who overcome walled fortifications, were the JP Morgan Essay first to mount their walls ore successfully defended them. Cold Sassy Tree. In this country the term castle has been applied to the strongest of our early fortifications such as Castle Pickney in Charleston, South Carolina, and cold sassy tree, Castle Williams and Clinton in sassy book New York Harbor. Cold Book. The Castle is a highly stylized form without decoration or embellishment. The Army officially adopted the castle to appear on the Corps of tree book Engineers Epaulets and belt plate, in 1840. Soon afterwards the cadets at West Point, all of whom were part of the sassy tree book Corps of Engineers until the Military Academy left the cold sassy tree charge of the Chief of Engineers and came under the charge of the Army at Large in 1866, also wore the castle on and contrast their cap beginning in 1841.

Subsequently the castle appeared on the shoulder knot; on the saddle cloth, as a collar device, and on the buttons. Though its design has changed many times since its inception, the castle has remained the distinctive symbol of the cold book Corps of Engineers. THE SEAL OF THE CORPS OF ENGINEERS The Seal of the Army Corps of Engineers is sassy book often referred to as the coat of arms. It was adopted shortly after the Civil War to sassy book, commemorate the consolidation of the two stories Corps of Topographic Engineers and the regular Corps of Engineers. In 1831 the Topographical Corps was removed from the sassy book original corps which had been in existence since 1802. In 1866 the Topogs as they were called, re-joined the meaningless Corps of Engineers and General A. A. Cold Book. Humphries adopted the present seal.

The significance of the design is plain. The large shield is divided into three horizontal sections, of which the top is solid blue; the bottom is divided into 13 vertical stripes, in red and white. The center section shows the original shields of the two separate corps, the left side representing the traditional Engineers through the design on their button. On the right is the red, white, and blue shield with capitol T and E of the JP Morgan Essay Topographic Engineers. The Eagle with arrows and olive branch dominates the design with the motto ESSAYONS in the scroll beneath. The Oak and Laurel branches symbolize strength and victory. The seal was officially adopted by the Corps on 6 April, 1897. THE U.S. ARMY CORPS OF ENGINEERS BRANCH SONG ESSAYONS Essayons, sound out the battle cry Essayons, we'll win or we'll die Essayons, there's nothing we won't try We're the U.S.

Army Corps of Engineers Pin the castle on my collar I've done my training for the team You can call me an engineer soldier The warrior spirit has been my dream We are builders, we are fighters We are destroyers just as well There've been doubters who met with the sappers 1 - We know our sappers will never fail OR 2 - And then we blew them all straight to hell Our brothers fighting on the battlefield Look to us to cold tree book, point the on Windows7 vs Windows Vista way We get there first and then we take the risks To build the tree roads and the air strips And bridge the mighty river streams We don't care who gets the compare glory We're sure of tree one thing, this we know Somewhere out there an engineer soldier Designed the characteristics lost generation plan for the whole darn show Essayons whether in war or peace We will bear our red and our white Essayons we serve America And the U.S. Army Corps of engineers Essayons! Essayons! ENGINEER REGIMENTAL PUNCH BOWL CEREMONY The history of the Engineer is the tree history of the United States of lost generation America. From her colonial beginnings Engineers mapped, built, and fought their way across this great nation from shore to shore, eventually extending the might of America around the globe. Sassy Book. This Engineer Punch is a rare and unique combination of spirits, each symbolizing the cold tree heritage, the achievement, and the glory of the Engineers. representing the enlisted soldiers will establish the base of our punch, just as the cold sassy tree book Engineers have formed as the lives base of many branches of our Army. In order to truly understand the significance of the Engineers we must examine carefully the first charge, our FOUNDATION, The red color, reminiscent of the shared heritage of Engineers and Artillerists attests to the time when mid-evil Enginators designed, built, and operated the engines of war. From those early Engineers sprang the Artillery, later the Armored forces, even Aviation, and the Chemical corps trace their origins to the early Engineers. representing the sassy tree book history of civilian support for the Corps, will continue the heritage of our forefathers. Engineers of our revolution met at occasions such as we are doing here tonight, and on 11 March, 1779, by resolution of Congress, The Corps of Engineers was formed.

In commemoration of the Engineers who first trained in the snows of Valley Forge, organized into a corps, and won our independence at Yorktown, we add the second charge, COGNAC, honoring the lives French who contributed to our first victory and from whom we adopted much of tree our unique heritage. representing the youthful zeal of the Engineers, will remind us of the invulnerability and hope inherent in the Engineer spirit. Truth, innocence, vigilance, and devotion are the principles which guide Engineers in of the lost the performance of their duty. This un-blemished magnificence found in cold sassy book third charge, WHITE WINE, is also the color of the white piping found on the Engineer colors. JP Morgan Essay. This white, original color for Infantry, represents of the secondary mission of the Engineer, that is to fight alongside the Le-Enfantry, in French, the children of book battle representing the Engineer senior leadership, will help us reflect on those who have given their last full measure of devotion, our fallen comrades. In honor of the selfless sacrifice of the men and women, who for more than three centuries, have served this land, and have vowed to carry on Marketing Case Essay this tradition.

Our final charge is CHAMPAGNE, the noblest produce of the vine, symbolizing the book eternal mission of the Engineer and reminiscent of the effervescent spirit, the enthusiasm, and Sampling Techniques for This, the indomitable courage with which Engineers have demonstrated their ability. Today the mission of the Corps is as varied as the contents of this punch: Topographic Engineering, Combat Engineering, Facilities Engineering, and cold, Civil Works, . Mobility, Counter-Mobility, Survivability, and the underlying requirement to get the job done and get it done right. This is the Army Corps of Engineers. Accomplishing the mission, from the fortification of Breeds Hill to cold tree book, the Engineering of our environment, Engineers, now as always, clear the way. If you look around you, from the establishment of the Corps in the 18th century to cold, the exploration of the universe well into the 21st, you will see the tangible evidence of the Engineers and forever hear the Engineer motto ringing in your ears; ESSAYONS!! ENGINEER PUNCH RECIPE:

Foundation: Cherry brandy or Cordial 1/2 bottle Fruit Punch 1 1/4 quart Sparkling Water 1 1/4 quart Cognac 1/2 bottle White wine 2 bottles Champagne 2 bottles. SAMPLE CORPS DAY OF HONOR SPEECH Tonight, we celebrate the Corps Day of Honor. A day set aside to commemorate the history and traditions of the United States Army Engineers. We can look back in our history at lives, over two centuries of Engineer heritage and honor. In the spring of 1636, a group of men and women got together in cold book Massachusetts to organize for their common defense, to protect their farms, their villages, their very lives. They created the Massachusetts Colonial Militia. Today the Mass Colonial Militia comes down to us through history through the lineage and the traditions of the meaningless 101st Battalion of the Massachusetts National Guard. Cold Sassy Book. The oldest unit in the Army, an Engineer Unit. Celebrating this history of American Military Engineering, we must celebrate the continual tradition of selfless sacrifice.

Traditions established in the beginnings of the of the lost Corps. Traditions epitomized by those individuals like young Terry Turo Kawamura, who became a combat engineer in 1968. His first duty assignment was Southeast Asia. In 1969 young Terry Kawamura was in a fire base surrounded by Viet Cong under enemy attack. He was awakened in his hut when an explosion blew the roof off.

He survived unscathed, but six of his fellow engineers lay unconscious on the floor around him. He grabbed his rifle, made it to the door ready to engage the tree enemy in action, then he noticed the enemy had thrown in a second satchel charge that went through the gaping roof and landed on for This the floor among his buddies. He was safe, Terry was safe, but he turned back and dove on top of the satchel charge and drawing it under his chest it exploded and killed Terry Kawamura. Cold Tree. But through that act of selfless sacrifice young Terry saved the lives of every man in that hut. Another example of this tradition of vs Windows selfless sacrifice among Engineers soldiers is found again in the story of SGT George Libby, who in North Korea in 1950, began the sassy tree treacherous withdrawal to the Pusan perimeter. JP Morgan Essay. SGT Libby in the tradition of that selfless sacrifice, gathered men around him, wounded, the lost, and cold book, placed them in an artillery prime mover. Aware that there was only one man capable of driving that unique vehicle, the compare two stories only vehicle available to him, he felt it was his mission to guard that driver, so he used his body as a shield standing on the running board outside the drivers door, as they drove crashing through road block after road block set up by the North Koreans and the Chinese. Stopping along the way to pick up more retreating and cold tree book, wounded soldiers, SGT Libby although wounded numerous times, would pick them up and drag them into the Artillery prime mover. Finally after crashing through seven road blocks, the vehicle full of the wounded men that SGT Libby so longed to protect, arrived at the Pusan perimeter. Lost. Upon arriving SGT Libby died, he gave the sassy last measure of devotion. Certainly, ESSAYONS, Let us Try*, certainly ingenuity, tenacity, physical raw determination, are as much a part of that heritage as the glory that we celebrate today.

*NOTE:The Word ESSAYONS is a French word meaning- Let Us Try THE ENGINEER TOAST Here's a health to the Army. And here's a health to our Corps; Here's to JP Morgan Essay, the Flag flying up on the hill, And the bird flying over our door: Stand by with your glasses all brimming, Here's health, and here's how, and here's luck. And here's to sassy book, the Castles of Silver we wear. And the sassy book Eagle that looks like a Duck. Author: Sherwood A. Cheney Brigadier General, U.S. Army 1898. AN ENGINEER HYMN Men of honor, stop your dreaming, Can't you see their bayonets gleaming, See their warrior pennants streaming, To this battle field. Men of book honor, stand ye steady, It can not be ever said ye, For this battle were not ready.

Sappers will not yield. Hear the cannon pounding, pounding. From the hills resounding, sounding. Sound the horn, and forward toward, The mighty force surrounding. Men of honor, stand ye steady, Ye shall ever be at ready, To the frightful foe afore Ye.

Sappers will not yield. Men of honor, start replying, On courage and strength relying, To the fray ahead be flying. Sappers will not yield. Men of honor, those before ye, Fought and JP Morgan Essay, died as Engineers for the, Nation that we hold so dearly. Cold Sassy Tree. Sappers will not yield. Hear the cannon pounding, pounding. For This Marketing. From the cold sassy book hills resounding, sounding. Sound the horn, and forward toward, The mighty force surrounding.

Men of honor, on to glory, This will ever be your story, Keep these stirring words before ye. Sappers will not yield. Sung to the tune of Men of Harlech, mistakenly called the Welsh National Anthem. By Marziale, this march commemorates the Welsh defense of Harlech Castle against Research Case, the British in 1468. This tune is traditionally the regimental song of the Queens 24 Regiment of Foot, known as the Welsh Border Guard. A POEM FOR THE ENGINEERS The Sons of Martha 1907 Rudyard Kipling The Sons of sassy book Mary seldom bother, for characteristics they have inherited that good part; But the Sons of Martha favor their mother of the careful soul and the troubled heart. And because she lost her temper once, and because she was rude to the lord her guest, Her sons must wait upon Mary's Sons, world without end, reprieve, or rest. It is their care in all the cold tree book ages to take the buffet and meaningless lives, cushion the shock. It is tree book their care that the compare gear engages; it is their care that the cold book switches lock. It is their care that the wheels run truly, it is their care to meaningless, embark and entrain, Tally, transport, and deliver duly the tree book Sons of Mary by land and main.

They say to mountains Be ye removed. They say to the lesser floods, Be dry. Under their rods are the rocks reproved - They are not afraid of that which is lost generation high Then do the hill-tops shake to the summit - Then is the bed of the deep laid bare, That the Sons of Mary may overcome it, pleasantly sleeping and unaware. They finger death at cold sassy, their gloves' end where they piece and repiece the Sampling Techniques Marketing Case Essay living wires. Cold Tree Book. He rears against the gates they tend: They feed him, hungry behind their fires. Early at on Windows7 Vista, dawn, ere men see clear, They stumble into his terrible stall, And hale him forth like a haltered steer, and goad and turn him till evenfall. To these from birth is belief forbidden; from these till death is relief afar. Cold Tree. They are concerned with matters hidden - under the earthline their altars are- The secret fountains to Vista, follow up, waters withdrawn to restore to the mouth, And gather the floods as in sassy tree book a cup, and pour them again at meaningless lives, a city's drouth.

They do not preach that their God will rouse them a little before the nuts work loose. They do not teach that His pity allows them to drop their job when they damn-well choose. As in the thronged and the lighted ways, so in the dark and the desert they stand. Wary and watchful all their days that their brethren's days may be long in the land. Raise ye the stone or cleave the wood to cold tree, make a path fair or flat-Lo, it is black already with blood some Son of Martha spilled for that! Not a ladder from earth to heaven, not as witness to any creed, But simple service simply given to his own kind in their common need. And the Sons of Mary smile and are blessed - they know the angels are on Essay on Windows7 their side. They know in them is the cold tree book grace confessed, and for them are the mercies multiplied. They sit at lives, the feet - they hear the word - they see how truly the promise runs.

They have cast their burden upon the Lord, and cold, - the Lord he lays it on Martha's Sons! THE ENGINEER MUSEUM'S CHRONOLOGICAL GALLERY Introduction The U.S. Army Engineer Museum presents a chronological history of the Techniques for This Marketing Research Case U.S. Army Corps of Engineers. Sassy Tree Book. Today, the oldest unit in the United States Army is the 101st Engineer Battalion of the Massachusetts National Guard established in Sampling Techniques for This Research 1636. Although the history of American military engineering goes back more than three hundred and fifty years, the heritage of military engineering reaches back to book, the earliest beginnings of organized armies.

On the battlefields of ancient Mesopotamia, India, Egypt, Persia, Greece, and Rome, skilled Military Engineers laid the groundwork for the role of their modern descendants. Essay Vista. During Europe's middle ages, the French coined the term genie to sassy tree book, represent the Engineers. Essay On Windows7 Vs Windows. Over the years, genie evolved into the old English word enginator meaning one who operates the cold tree book engines of war, such as siege towers, battering rams, catapults and the like. With the support of professional French Military Engineers, our young Army Corps of meaningless lives Engineers was created during America's War for Independence. Today, that French heritage is still seen within our Engineer Corps. The language of the Engineer - abatis, gabions, fascines and book, pontons -- has its roots in 18th century France. Even the motto of the American Engineers, ESSAYONS is French for Let us try. Revolution As America's War for Independence grew more contentious, it became apparent that there was an obvious need for trained Engineers. Only a few days after the Army itself was organized, the Continental Congress, on June 16, 1775, resolved that there should be a Chief Engineer for the Army in Techniques for This Research Case Essay a separate department and cold sassy tree, two assistants under him. Still, the lack of adequate field Engineers forced George Washington to write in 1777: . The want of accurate maps has been a grave disadvantage to me. I have in vain endeavored to procure them, and lives, have been obliged to make shift with such sketches as I could trace out of sassy my own observations and that of two stories gentlemen around me.

I think if gentlemen of known character and probity could be employed in sassy tree book making maps (from actual surveys) it would be of the greatest advantage. Finally, on March 11, 1779, Congress resolved that the of the Engineers in the service of the United States shall be formed into a Corps and styled the cold tree book Corps of Engineers. The Revolution began in earnest with our untrained Engineers throwing up hasty defenses on the forward slopes of Breeds Hill near Boston. The site was to become famous as the location of the Battle of Bunker Hill. The culminating decisive battle in our War for Sampling Research Case Essay Independence occurred in October 1781 as our tried and tested Engineers overcame the British defenses at Yorktown, Virginia. The Mission Expands Following the Revolutionary War, in 1783, the Army Corps of Engineers was mustered out of service. But on May 9, 1794, Congress authorized a new branch, to be known as the Corps of Artillerists and Engineers. The Army Corps of Engineers, as it is known today, was created on March 16, 1802, when the President was authorized by Congress to tree book, organize and and contrast, establish a Corps of Engineers . that the said Corps . shall be stationed at cold sassy tree book, West Point in the State of New York and shall constitute a Military Academy. With the re-establishment of the Army Corps of Engineers in 1802, the Essay vs Windows mission of educating the sassy officers of our Army became an Essay vs Windows added requirement.

The first superintendent of the United States Military Academy was Jonathan Williams, grandnephew of sassy tree book Benjamin Franklin. Under Williams, the growing Corps of Cadets and the Corps of Engineers became a professional, disciplined and meaningless lives, elite corps. The first enlisted men of the sassy book present-day Corps were authorized on characteristics of the February 28, 1803, but until 1846 the organization consisted primarily of commissioned officers. Company A Engineers was organized in 1846 for the Mexican War. The company operated as Sappers and Miners during the arduous march to Mexico City.

In 1847, at cold sassy, the Battle of Contraries, the meaningless Engineers led the assault. (Company A, now A Company, 1st Engineer Battalion has been in continuous service since its foundation in 1846, the oldest such unit in the Corps of Engineers.) A total of cold sassy book 44 Engineer officers, including a young Robert E. Lee, served in the Mexican War. Meaningless Lives. Into the 1850s, Engineers continued to map, build, explore and develop our young nation. Exploring the Frontier On July 5, 1838 Congress divided the Army Corps of Engineers when it authorized a separate Corps of Topographical Engineers. Cold Sassy Book. The foundation of lives this specialized Corps dated back to the Revolutionary War under General Robert Erskine, Geographer of the cold book Army. This new organization exerted significant influence on the early development of the United States. The Corps of JP Morgan Essay Topographical Engineers virtually dominated the era of official exploration that began about 1840 and continued throughout the 19th century. The versatile officers of the Corps of Topographical Engineers, known as Topogs, were among the first to cold sassy tree book, accurately and systematically describe and JP Morgan Essay, record the diversity of the West. Their thorough reports encouraged settlers to move West by describing in sassy book detail what could be expected from cold tree book, what was previously a mysterious and undocumented region. The Topogs were expected to act as soldiers by offering protection against hostile attack.

They also served as a department of public works by opening up the frontier to book, western settlement. The Corps of Topographical Engineers merged back into the Army Corps of Engineers on compare March 3, 1863. Sassy Tree Book. This reuniting of the Corps gave us our heritage as Engineers and Surveyors. The Civil War Just prior to the outbreak of the characteristics lost generation Civil War, the Army had two organizations of Engineers with a total authorized strength of cold sassy 79 commissioned officers and a lone company of 100 enlisted Engineers. Cold Sassy Book. In early August 1861, three companies were added to the Army Corps of Engineers and one to the Corps of cold tree book Topographical Engineers. The commissioned officer strength was raised to 103.

Thus, at the beginning of the Civil War, the total strength of the Army Engineers numbered some 750 men. During the war, Engineers performed many duties, such as Pontoneers, Miners, Sappers and Pioneers. During the first winter of the war, 1861-1862, engineer troops built, among other projects, a series of 77 separate forts or redoubts for the defenses of Washington, DC. In 1863, the two separate Engineer Corps were reunited and continued to clear obstacles and to construct roads, bridges, palisades, stockades, canals, blockhouses and signal towers. They laid down hundreds of meaningless ponton bridges, built fixed bridges and railroad trestles, repaired railroad lines and erected field fortifications in addition to their mission as Combat Engineers, Topographic Engineers and Facility Engineers. Cold Tree. Building a Nation A major lesson stemming from the Civil War was the nation's need for an improved transportation system. New technologies, such as steamships and railroads, combined with a booming rejuvenated industrial economy to of the lost, create the need to adequately administer and control the cold sassy tree book growth of America's infrastructure. Characteristics. Since the 1850s, Army Engineers had been charting railroad routes across the frontier. Prior to that, canals, often constructed under the direction of Army Engineers, linked the cities of the east coast.

Now, western waterways were quickly becoming the lifelines of millions of midwesterners. Waterways developments, to include locks, dams, levies and river maintenance, rapidly became a new focus for the Army Engineers of the late 19th century. Rivers were clogged with silt and Army Engineer dredges cleared the channels. Snags and floating trees were the bane of river boat pilots on America's rivers. With typical resourcefulness, Army Engineers tackled and removed these treacherous hazards to navigation.

Army Engineers took on cold book civil works missions beyond the realm of meaningless navigation. In 1874, the sassy Army Corps of Engineers was first tasked to protect our nation's environmental heritage by safeguarding our premier National Park at Essay on Windows7 vs Windows Vista, Yellowstone. In 1884, Army Engineers completed the Washington Monument, a project for which ground had been broken some 20 years earlier. This crowning achievement typified the Engineers expanded role in developing the new federal capitol in Washington, DC. Projecting America as a New World Power In the cold summer of 1898, America entered into a war with Spain. The Spanish-American War led us into a new position in lives world politics. The United States now wore the mantle of a world power. As we began the development of cold our new empire, we first had to enhance the infrastructure of the and contrast islands of Cuba, Puerto Rico and the Philippines. Our thrust into the eastern Pacific came as Japan achieved world power status with her victory over Russia in cold sassy the Russo-Japanese War, which ended in 1904. Tree Book. Our vulnerable Pacific coast was threatened and an enhanced effort began to develop sea coast defense fortifications.

These new forts were not only a reaction to changing international political developments, but they were also a result of rapidly improving technologies of war. New breach-loading, high-powered naval guns necessitated the book reciprocal development of better defensive fortifications. As this arms race transitioned into the 20th century, we began one of our most ambitious engineering projects, the Panama Canal. Characteristics Lost Generation. The canal was to serve two functions: to cold sassy book, improve merchant marine transportation between the Atlantic and the Pacific Oceans; and more importantly, to allow our new modern Navy to project American interests quickly in both hemispheres. Techniques Marketing Case. The Great War Within months of the assassination of Archduke Ferdinand at Sarajevo in cold book the Balkans, in 1914, the Great Powers of and contrast Europe were locked in a war of cold book unprecedented proportions. Spanning more than four years, the Great War would see battles in meaningless lives France, Russia, Italy, the sassy Middle East, and Africa.

When German submarine warfare forced America into the war in 1917, the United States was unprepared for the conflict. The country struggled to mobilize its vast human and industrial resources before Germany could win the ground war against France and the British Commonwealth. The small trickle of cold tree book soldiers which began in the summer of 1917 ultimately became a flood of combat power which would be essential to the ultimate victory. The Great War not only changed the map of Europe but alter the course of world history. The advent of new technology to warfare and the size of the cold tree American Army presented the Engineers with unprecedented challenges.

Engineers not only supported the other combat arms -- often fighting as infantry -- but also built the characteristics of the lost camps, supply facilities, and transportation systems needed to sustain the fighting army. Tree Book. Flood Control and JP Morgan Essay, Disaster Relief For thousands of years, the cold sassy book great rivers of the American heartland flooded their valleys. The annual floods not only of the lost produced the cold sassy fertile soils of the valleys but also created new land in the Mississippi River delta. However, by the early 20th Century, settlement and economic development along the rivers were such that floods threatened lives and property. Massive floods in on Windows7 Vista 1912, 1913, 1927, and 1936 prompted Congress to pass several important flood control laws. In 1936, Congress passed the Flood Control Act. This law recognized flood control as a proper activity of the Federal Government in cooperation with the States, their political subdivisions, and localities thereof.

Responsibility for federal flood control projects rested with the Corps of Engineers. Since that time, millions of dollars have been spent on levees, reservoirs, and diversion dams. Although floods still occur, the sassy tree Corps efforts have saved countless lives and property which would have been lost if control structures had not been in place. Cold Sassy Tree. Ultimately power generation, water storage, irrigation, and recreation have been incorporated into the massive waterways program supervised by the Corps. WWII The Engineers' War There were few aspects of the United States' role in World War II that did not have some form of Engineer involvement. Cold Sassy Tree. From the creation of the Arsenal of Democracy -- which provided war materials to American and Allied forces -- to compare, the conduct of battles and campaigns, the Corps of Engineers played a role.

Within the continental United States, the total value of construction related to the war effort exceeded $15 billion (1940s dollars). Of this, more than $3 billion went to book, the construction of the war industries. Military facilities accounted for another $7.5 billion. On the home front, the Engineers were builders. Overseas, the Engineers were builders and fighters. Combat and general service Engineers built thousands of miles of roads and railways, hundreds of bridges and airfields, and countless square feet of storage and troop support facilities. Combat Engineers fought along side the maneuver arms, and in some instances, in advance of and contrast two stories infantry and armored forces. Tree. They became experts in expedient roads and bridges as well as mine warfare. Often, they laid aside the tools of the characteristics of the lost Engineer and shouldered the weapons of combat soldier, fighting as Infantry.

The Korean Conflict The Korean Conflict was the first of America's undeclared wars. The invasion of South Korea by tree North Korea in 1950 prompted a response from the United Nations, and American forces fought under the U.N. flag for the first time. Lives. The rugged, mountain terrain of Korea and the lack of developed transportation and tree book, communications systems, created significant challenges to American forces and the Corps of Engineers. Most of the initial Engineer work involved demolition of bridges and important facilities in Essay on Windows7 Vista an attempt to delay the North Korean advance to the south. In the Pusan Perimeter, Combat Engineers not only worked on standard defensive and construction projects, but also manned the front lines when the cold enemy threatened to penetrate the perimeter. In both the defense and offense, Combat Engineers engaged in mine warfare. Road and bridge building dominated the compare and contrast two stories construction efforts of the Engineers. Next came airstrips for combat aircraft providing close air support to U.N. forces. Some of the bridges and airfields were built beyond required combat standards because of the lasting benefit of the structures to cold book, the Korean people. In Korea, the Engineers encountered all of the challenges of those who had fought in meaningless lives Sicily, Italy, and China in World War II, plus the added problems associated with military operations short of war. The Cold War Almost 40 years, communist and democratic nations were locked in a Cold War.

With the advent of intercontinental ballistic missiles, the sassy age old arms race between competing powers took on a new dimension. Cold Sassy Book. In a parallel effort, the Corps of Engineers supervised the construction of tree book numerous facilities for America's space program. These included the Johnson Manned Spacecraft Center in lost generation Texas and the Kennedy Space Center in Florida. Certain regions of the world, which had little value in the past, became strategically significant. Exploration and operational tests in the Arctic and cold sassy tree, other cold regions were common in the 1950s. Assuming the leadership of regional alliances, such as the Essay on Windows7 Vista North Atlantic Treaty Organization -- NATO, -- the cold book United States deployed forces around the world. The Corps of Engineers built airbases and other military installations around the globe. In addition, the Corps built facilities for its allies. Whereas military construction in the 1920s and 1930s was for the defense of the United States and cold, its possessions, Engineer construction during the Cold War supported the defense of the Free World. The Vietnam Conflict The Cold War turned hot in the mid-1960s, but not on cold book the northern German plain as many analysts had predicted.

Communist insurgency in Southeast Asia threatened nations struggling to develop economically, politically, and cold, socially following a history of colonial rule. This was a continuation of the cold sassy book wars of national liberation which had threatened Greece and the Philippines in the late 1940s. For the Engineers, Vietnam was another limited conflict fought in JP Morgan Essay a distant underdeveloped region. With the commitment of ground troops in 1965, Engineers had the dual responsibilities of supporting combat operations and of constructing support facilities for the Army, its sister services, and allied nations. Construction Engineer battalions and groups built command complexes, harbors and port facilities, logistical facilities, and improved or constructed hundreds of kilometers of roads. Divisional Engineers focused their attention on base camps, fire bases, tactical roads, and sassy tree book, counter-mine operations.

Engineer dozers equipped with a special plow/blade cleared thousands of acres of JP Morgan Essay jungle. The land clearing effort eliminated sanctuaries for Viet Cong (VC) and North Vietnamese Army (NVA) forces, made ambushes along roads more difficult, and created cleared ground for cold sassy tree book agriculture for South Vietnamese farmers. Operations Short of War By the early 1980s, the threat of a major confrontation between the super powers had declined. However, American military forces were involved in a number of operations short of total conventional war. In 1983, American forces landed in Grenada in OPERATION URGENT FURY. Six years later, the forces of OPERATION JUST CAUSE freed Panama from the yoke of its dictator and secured the vital Panama Canal.

The largest military operation since Vietnam, OPERATION DESERT STORM came in response to the invasion of Kuwait by sassy tree Iraq. In the Middle East and Africa, forces performed humanitarian missions in Northern Iraq (PROVIDE COMFORT) and Somalia (RESTORE HOPE). In each instance, Engineers constructed the transportation, communication, and logistical facilities to support those operations. During combat operations, Engineers built fighting positions, breached extensive field fortifications, and destroyed captured enemy equipment. The Corps was also called on in times of natural disasters. Hurricanes, such as Hugo and Andrew, brought Corps of Engineer civilian and military support to relieve suffering and provide temporary shelter. The same relief and construction skills have been applied to disasters caused by floods like those in 1993. Engineer Hall of Heroes The U.S. Army Engineer Museum presents the Engineer Hall of Heroes. The Hall of Heroes is designed to inspire and to reinforce the basic idea that every individual who has proudly and honorably served the Army Corps of Engineers is indeed a hero.

For more than 200 years men and women, civilians and book, soldiers, have served the Army Corps of Engineers. In peace, whether the designer of our nation's Capitol, a dredge boat pilot in 1875, a lock master in the 1950s or an environmental engineer today; whether an astronaut aboard the space shuttle or an engineer exploring the western frontier in compare and contrast two stories the 1850s, Engineers have served. In war, whether it was the sassy tree deserts of Saudi Arabia, the jungles of Vietnam, the mountains of Korea or the islands, forests and plains of two World Wars; whether it was on our own soil throughout the Essay vs Windows 18th and 19th centuries, or in numerous conflicts in between, Engineers have served. The Army Corps of Engineers is made up of tree book a diverse group of dedicated Americans, men and women, who, when called upon, have fought our wars. Two Stories. They are the visionaries who have built our nation. The history of the Engineers is nothing more than the history of sassy book individual Americans and nothing less than the history of America. THE ENGINEER MUSEUM'S WWII HISTORIC SITE In 1991 Fort Leonard Wood was designated as a World War II Commemorative Community.

At the U.S. Compare Two Stories. Army Engineer Museum we operate something unique in the Army, a true World War II community. In 1981, Fort Leonard Wood set aside a collection of 12 World War II temporary mobilization structures to cold sassy, be reserved as a part of the installation museum. This grouping of wooden buildings, nestled in two stories a wooded 25 acre site, has undergone complete restoration, and book, today serves as the only preserved and interpreted WWII company area in JP Morgan Essay the Army. The WWII community consists of four barracks, two mess halls, three day rooms, two orderly rooms, and a regimental commanders quarters. Each building has been restored to the condition it would have been in 1943, the tree book peak year of training for Fort Leonard Wood. One of each type of lives building is restored on the interior as well.

Upon entering the barracks you will find the bunks made, the clothes hanging on the racks, the rifles stacked, and the foot lockers ready for inspection. Tree Book. In the mess hall, tables are lined up in the dining hall, while coal burning ranges, a food preparation table, and oak ice boxes fill the kitchen. The regimental commanders quarters, day room, and for This Marketing Research, orderly room are similarly filled with original WWII artifacts and furnishings. In addition to the WWII interpretation, one barracks building is book restored on the interior, to Sampling Techniques for This Case, interpret basic training barracks in 1967. This cold war interpretation dramatically illustrates the adaptive re-use of WWII temporary buildings to support the training boom of the Vietnam conflict. Other restored buildings in the complex house a variety of different exhibits supporting the history of Fort Leonard Wood. In one restored day room there is a display dealing with the cold book life and career of MG Leonard Wood, the installation's namesake. In another restored barracks is an important interpretation of the sassy German and Italian prisoner of war camp which operated at Fort Leonard Wood from 1943 - 1946. By preserving something as common as a collection of book WWII barracks, Fort Leonard Wood has created a time capsule of the history of the training experience from 1941 to the present. During WWII more than 10,600,000 men and women trained and served in buildings identical to these. Since the end of the war millions more have shared the common experience of life in these sparse wooden structures.

The very communality of these historic structures is a threat their continued existence. Once a building owned by the Army turns 50 years old, it is liable to be nominated for the National Register of Historic Places. This threat of potential nomination by local groups has prompted installations across the country to demolish these buildings as quickly as possible. This was done with the Vista assumption that there were so many, and they were so common, that they could never be considered scarce or of great historical significance. THE ENGINEER MUSEUM'S ENCYCLOPEDIC GALLERY Introduction The U.S.

Army Engineer Museum was established at Fort Leonard Wood, MO in 1989, as a part of the U.S. Army Engineer School. The Museum is separated into two different types of interpretation, the encyclopedic gallery and sassy, the chronological gallery. In the meaningless lives encyclopedic gallery we interpret pieces of the material culture of American engineers in an effort to support the book instruction at both the Engineer School and Center. Topographic Engineering The topographic engineering gallery in Techniques for This Research the U.S.

Army Engineer Museum is designed to display the material culture of topographic engineers, surveyors, and cartographers from their colonial beginnings to the present. In the dioramas we have used Gouvernor K. Warrens Pacific Railroad survey of 1856 to interpret early field surveying. In the first of the three separate cases we exhibit map making and drawing equipment. In the second case we display a collection of various surveying equipment. In the last case we show contemporary surveying equipment. Land Mine Warfare The Land mine warfare gallery in cold tree book the U.S. Army Engineer Museum displays American mines, mine-detectors, and foreign material significant to the development of U.S. equipment. The two dioramas depict an engineer searching for mines in JP Morgan Essay Vietnam in 1968, and a WWII German anti-tank mine, known as a Goliath, on the Normandy beachhead in cold sassy tree June of 1944.

You will also find a modern ANPRS-11 mine detector set up for you to use, simply pivot the detector over the mined terrain and listen for the different tones. Opposite the mine detector is JP Morgan Essay a model mine field, press the buttons to see various mine patterns from WWI to today. In the cold display cases are U.S. mine detectors, mine field probing and marking material, American and foreign mines. Tactical Bridging The Tactical Bridging gallery in Techniques Research the U.S. Army Engineer Museum is designed to display models of floating, fixed, and mobile tactical bridges. Cold Tree. You can walk onto an authentic double double Bailey bridge where you will find models of fixed bridges. Lost Generation. Across from the fixed bridge display is a diorama containing models of several different types of floating bridges. In addition to these sections there are several models of bridges and related equipment, dating from the Civil War to sassy tree book, modern day.

Demolitions and Explosives One entire wall of the Demolitions and two stories, Explosives gallery contains objects relating to the recent history of this unique aspect of the Army engineers mission. Dynamite, C-4, cratering charges, and Bangalore torpedoes are just a few of the many items to be found in this case. Across from this wall are two dioramas; the first contains a model railroad bridge rigged for sassy tree book demolition, press the button and see where different types of charges should be placed. Sassy. The second diorama depicts an oak tree similar to those lining streets around the world. This tree is ringed with explosives in preparation of tree book creating an Sampling Techniques for This Marketing Research Case obstacle known as an abatis (pronounced ABATEE). Between these two dioramas is a 50 cap blasting machine, raise and then press the cold tree handle to activate a short video presentation on military demolitions. Compare. Arms and Ammunitions Passing into the weapons gallery you will encounter a diorama depicting an engineer outpost in WWI.

Inside the special weapons room, display cases along the walls on both sides contain weapons used by American Army engineers since the cold sassy tree 18th century. Two Stories. Beginning with muskets and ending with modern assault rifles, the book arms and armaments gallery also displays, swords, rocket launchers, mortars, and sassy tree, hand grenades. In the center of the back wall you can try your hand at one of the Army's modern marksmanship training equipment. Fire a laser rifle at a series of optically sensitive targets, each hit scores with a flash and a flip. Thank you for visiting my webpage at Angelfire. Please return and visit again!

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