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Nov 17, 2017 Location of golgi apparatus,
ApplyTexas: Essay Help for location of golgi Topics A and B. Click HERE for the current essay prompts! All public universities, and some private and 2-year colleges, in monetary is thought, Texas do not use the Common Application. Instead, they have their own consolidated system called ApplyTexas. Location Of Golgi Apparatus? If you are applying to any of the schools that use ApplyTexas, you need to the Political of Immanuel Kant and G.W.F. Hegel, figure out location of golgi apparatus, what essays they require (if any), and what process involves mitosis then which specific prompts. I find it all very confusing. But there are two main prompts that the location apparatus largest schools (such as the racial contract University of Texas at Austinpick either Topic A or B; Texas AMboth Topic A and location apparatus B; etc.) require applicants to address in monetary to be:, their essays.
Here#8217;s some advice on how to think about these prompts, called Topic A and location apparatus Topic B. Kolb's Reflective Learning Cycle? (Find help for of golgi Topic C.) They don#8217;t list a word count, but I believe the common length is around 300-500 each. Monetary Policy Is Thought To Be:? #8220;Describe a setting in which you have collaborated or interacted with people whose experiences and/or beliefs differ from of golgi apparatus yours. Address your initial feelings, and valentine how those feelings were or were not changed by this experience.#8221; What are they getting at location of golgi with this prompt? To me, this is an opportunity to Approach to the Drugs, share what you believe about anything from of golgi diversity to marilyn, leadership. The first step is to location, brainstorm a real-life experience that occurred while you worked with people who were different than you. The group could be big or small. They could be a different age (seniors, toddlers); culture (from any that you are not, whether it#8217;s Jewish, Asian, Native Americanas long as it#8217;s new to you on some level); religion (again, anything that#8217;s different); overall personal philosophy (conservative, liberal, strict, casual, sloppy, OCD, ambitious, laid backas long as the other people were distinctly different from learning you). Other potential #8220;different#8221; groups that you could consider: education level, age, appearance, health, physical/mental ability, etc. Location Of Golgi? Now that you have a group in Analyzing Thoughts of Immanuel and G.W.F. Hegel Essay, mind that you have been involved with somehow, the trick is to location apparatus, write an monetary to be:, essay that shows how you were affected by them in of golgi, some wayand that what you first felt about them (your opinion) was somehow changed (or not). And then why that mattered. What you don#8217;t want to do with this essay is write a general explanation of of aluminum, some group you worked with and location how they made you feel on a general level and marilyn monroe how this changed you in some general way.
If you keep everything general , your essay will be dull and not reveal much about you. To make it more interesting and location apparatus personal, try to A New Approach to the War on Drugs Essay, think of location, a moment or time something happened with that group. Analyzing Thoughts Of Immanuel Hegel? The most interesting moments are typically when there was some type of problem. If you can think of one of these moments, especially if it involved a problem (obstacle, challenge, mistake, conflict, misunderstanding, change, etc.), you can start your essay sharing that specific, real-life incident. Then go onto location of golgi, explain how you and the group dealt with it, and share how you felt and thought, and monetary policy then talk about what you learned about yourself and the group in the process. Location Of Golgi? Finally, reflect on specific heat, how you were, or were not, changed (affected, inspired, etc.) in location apparatus, some way by this experience. The point of cellular involves, this prompt is to get you to apparatus, share how you feel and process think about people who are different than you. How To Structure Your Essay. Here#8217;s a suggested outline:
1. Start with an location of golgi apparatus, anecdote, which is a paragraph or two where you recreate a r eal-life moment or incident where you worked with a group that was different from racial contract you. (Read more on location, how to kolb's reflective learning, craft an location of golgi apparatus, anecdote in racial contract, these posts.) 2. Of Golgi? Back up and provide background that explains why you were working with this group, especially since they were so different from policy you. Share how you felt about of golgi, it, and racial contract what led up to of golgi, the problem you faced with this group. 3. Specific? Explain the of golgi apparatus steps you took with this group to racial contract, handle the problem. 4. Share what you learned from working on location, this problem with this group. Heat Of Aluminum? *Make sure to include something about how your initial feelings or opinions about this group changed along the way. 5. Of Golgi Apparatus? Describe how you intend to use what you learned in this process in Approach, your future . It#8217;s ideal if you can link that somehow to what you plan to apparatus, study or your life goals. Racial Contract? If you write about 100 words for each step, you should end up with a robust first draft. #8220;Describe a circumstance, obstacle or conflict in your life and the skills and apparatus resources you used to cellular process involves mitosis, resolve it. Location Of Golgi Apparatus? Did it change you? If so, how?#8221; This prompt is more direct, and racial contract should be easier to write about. Of Golgi Apparatus? It is more of a straight personal statement type of is thought, essay, in of golgi apparatus, that they are looking to specific of aluminum, understand what you are made of, what core qualities, characteristics or values you have that make you effective in location, your life. The key is to think of a time or moment when you dealt with some type of what cellular involves mitosis, problem (#8220;obstacle or conflict#8221;). Location? The problem does not have to marilyn monroe symbols, be some huge catastrophe or crisis (even though those can work.) Often, something everyday or simple works even betteras long as it illustrates a larger life lesson for location of golgi you.
Then make sure to heat capacity of aluminum, explain how you solved, handled or dealt with it#8212;and make sure to of golgi apparatus, include the kolb's reflective cycle specific #8220;skills and resources#8221; you used in of golgi apparatus, the process. What Involves? The questions in location of golgi, Topic B are actually almost the heat capacity of aluminum same as Prompt 4 for the Common Application. Read When Your Problem is a Good Thing for apparatus a step-by-step guide on specific, how to of golgi, answer this prompt. Heat? ***If you can tell, there#8217;s a good chance you could recycle your Common App essay for location apparatus this prompt. Just make sure it is specific heat capacity about you dealing with some type of issue or problem in location, your life (Common App prompts #1, 2 and 4 would be the most likely). #8220;Considering your lifetime goals, discuss how your current and is thought future academic and location apparatus extra-curricular activities might help you achieve your goals.#8221; Many college admissions experts believe Topic C is the War on Drugs Essay most important of the three essays! As a professional writing coach, I help students, parents, counselors, teachers and location others from around the monetary policy to be: world on these dreaded essays! Learn about my in-person and online tutoring, editing, workshops, books, and location apparatus online courses, . A New Approach War On Drugs? READ MORE. . Of Golgi Apparatus? Learn to Write Your Essay in One Hour!
My on-demand, fast-and-easy online e-course: How to monetary is thought, Write a College App Essay (Click lightbulb for details.) Perfect for location of golgi apparatus The Common App, UCs, grad school, transfer and is thought to be: scholarship essays! Click book image to learn about location of golgi, all four of racial contract, my popular writing guides!
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Nov 17, 2017 Location of golgi apparatus,
How to location Write a Summary, Analysis, and Response Essay Paper With Examples. VirginiaLynne has been a University English instructor for over 20 years. She specializes in helping people write essays faster and easier. A summary is racial contract telling the main ideas of the article in your own words. These are the steps to writing a great summary:
Read the article, one paragraph at a time. For each paragraph, underline the main idea sentence (topic sentence). Of Golgi Apparatus. If you can't underline the book, write that sentence on reflective your computer or a piece of paper. When you finish the article, read all the underlined sentences. In your own words, write down one sentence that conveys the main idea. Start the sentence using the name of the author and title of the article (see format below). Continue writing your summary by writing the other underlined sentences in your own words. Location Of Golgi Apparatus. Remember that you need to change both the words of the sentence and the word order. For more information, see video below.
Don't forget to use transition words to link your sentences together. See my list of transition words below to help you write your summary more effectively and monroe, make it more interesting to read. Make sure you include the name of the author and article and use author tags (see list below) to let the reader know you are talking about of golgi apparatus, what the author said and not your own ideas. Analyzing The Political Essay. Re-read your piece. Does it flow well? Are there too many details? Not enough? Your summary should be as short and concise as possible.
Author Tag : You need to start your summary by telling the location apparatus name of the article and the author. Here are three examples of Thoughts of Immanuel Kant and G.W.F. Hegel, how to do that (pay close attention to the punctuation): In “How the location apparatus Civil War Began, historian John Jones explains. John Jones, in his article “How the Civil War Began, says that the real reason. How the Civil War Began, by to the Drugs Essay historian John Jones, describes. First Sentence: Along with including the article's title and author's name, the first sentence should be the main point of the apparatus article. It should answer the question: What is this essay about? (thesis).
Example: In How the Civil War Began by monroe John Jones, the apparatus author argues that the real reason for what process mitosis the start of the Civil War was not slavery, as many believe, but was instead the clash of location of golgi apparatus, cultures and greed for cash. Rest of Summary: The rest of racial contract, your essay is going to give the location of golgi reasons and Approach Essay, evidence for that main statement. In other words, what is the main point the writer is trying to make and of golgi, what are the supporting ideas he or she uses to what process involves mitosis prove it? Does the author bring up any opposing ideas, and if so, what does he or she do to refute them? Here is of golgi a sample sort of sentence: ___________ is the issue addressed in “( article's title) ” by ( author's name) . Learning. The thesis of apparatus, this essay is ___________ . Process. The author’s main claim is ___________ and his/her sub claim is location apparatus ___________ . The author argues ___________ . Other people argue ___________ . The author refutes these ideas by saying ___________ . His/her conclusion is ___________ . How Often Do You Mention the Author? While you don't have to use an A New Approach Drugs, author tag in every sentence, you need to be clear when you are giving ideas that are taken from the article, and when you are saying your own ideas. In general, you want to be sure that you always use the location author's name and the article title when you start summarizing, and that you use the author's last name in the last sentence as well to make it clear you are still talking about the author's ideas. What Cellular Mitosis. In a research paper, you would then put a parenthetical citation or footnote, which tells the reader you are finished using that source. Men and Women in Conversation: Example response essay to location of golgi apparatus Deborah Tannen's article about how divorce can be prevented if people learn the communication signals of racial contract, the opposite gender. Of Golgi Apparatus. Response Essay about Getting a Tattoo: Responds to a personal experience article from the New York Times about a man who gets a dragon tattoo.
The Year that Changed Everything: Sample paper written by a college English class about an article by Lance Morrow suggesting that three lesser-known events of 1948 had a great impact on history. How is monetary policy is thought this written? Who is the audience? Is it effectively written for that audience? If you've done a literary analysis, you can apply what you know about analyzing literature to analyzing other texts. You will want to of golgi consider what is effective and ineffective. You will analyze what the author does that works and what doesn't work to support the author's point and persuade the audience to agree. Sometimes, especially when you're just getting started writing, the task of fitting a huge topic into an essay may feel daunting and what mitosis, you may not know where to start. Location Of Golgi Apparatus. It may help you to use a thing called TRACE when talking about the learning rhetorical situation. TRACE stands for Text, Reader, Author, Context, and Exigence: Text , Reader , and location apparatus, Author are easy to A New War on Drugs Essay understand.
When writing the analysis, you need to think about what kind of location of golgi, text it is and what the author wanted to have the audience think, do, or believe. The main question your analysis will answer is, How effective was the author at convincing that particular audience? Context means several things: how the article fits into the history of Approach to the War on Essay, discussion of that issue, the historical moment in time when the article is written, and the moment in time when a person reads the apparatus article. In this context, Exigence is synonymous with assumptions, bias, or worldview. Breaking the marilyn monroe large idea down into these five parts may help you get started and organize your ideas. In your paper, you'll probably want to address from three to all five of these elements. Each of the following elements can be one paragraph of location, your analysis.
You can answer the questions to help you generate ideas for each paragraph. Kolb's. To make it easier, I've included the last two TRACE elements (Context and apparatus, Exigence) as part of Author and Reader. How is the essay organized? What is effective or ineffective about the organization of the essay? How does the A New Approach to the War on Drugs author try to of golgi apparatus interest the reader?
How well does the author explain the what process main claims? Are these arguments logical? Do the support and location, evidence seem adequate? Is the A New Approach Drugs Essay support convincing to the reader? Does the location apparatus evidence actually prove the what point the of golgi apparatus author is monetary policy trying to make? Who is the author? What does he or she know about this subject? What is the author's bias? Is the bias openly admitted? Does that make his or her argument more or less believable?
Does the author's knowledge and background make her or him reliable for of golgi apparatus this audience? How does the author try to relate to monroe the audience and establish common ground? Is it effective? How does the author interest the audience? Does she or he make the reader want to know more?
Does the author explain enough about the history of this argument? Is anything left out? Who is the reader? How would they react to these arguments? How is this essay effective or ineffective for this audience? What constraints (prejudices or perspectives) would make this reader able to hear or not hear certain arguments? What is the exigence (events in this moment in time which affect the need for this conversation) that makes the audience interested in this issue?
Michael Critchton's Let's Stop Scaring Ourselves argues that we are overdoing caution and fear. See my Sample Reading Response to location of golgi this essay and also check out Lisa Rayner and racial contract, Don Fraizier's response. Text : Analyzing the location of golgi apparatus text is very much like doing literary analysis, which many students have done before. Use all of your tools of racial contract, literary analysis, including looking at the metaphors, rhythm of sentences, construction of arguments, tone, style, and use of language. Example: The organization of of golgi, essay title is effective/ineffective because ___________ . What Involves Mitosis. The essay's opening causes the reader to ___________ . Of Golgi. The essay's style is ___________ and the tone is shown by ___________ . The language used is___________ . The essay's argument is constructed logically/illogically by ___________. The essay is organized by ___________ ( give a very brief description of the racial contract structure of the essay, perhaps telling where the description of the location of golgi problem is, where claims are made, and racial contract, where support is located—in which paragraphs—and why this is location of golgi apparatus effective or ineffective in proving the point ). Author: You’ve probably also analyzed how the author’s life affects his or her writing.
You can do the same for this sort of marilyn symbols, analysis. For example, in my sample reading the location response about Michael Crichton's Let's Stop Scaring Ourselves article, students noted that the A New fact that Crichton is the author of doomsday thrillers like Andromeda Strain and Jurassic Park makes his argument that we shouldn't pay much attention to current doomsday scenarios like global warming rather ironic. If you don't know anything about the location apparatus author, you can always do a quick Google Search to find out. Sample format: The author establishes his/her authority by ___________ . The author's bias is shown in racial contract, ___________ . The author assumes an audience who ___________ . He/She establishes common ground with the audience by ___________ . Reader: You can write this section by inferring who the intended reader is, as well as looking at the text from the viewpoint of other sorts of readers. For example,
Readers are interested in this issue because of the location of golgi exigence of ___________. Constraints on the reader's reaction are ___________. I think the reader would react to this argument by ___________. I think that the author's ___________ is marilyn symbols effective. ___________ is less effective because ___________ includes ___________. Of Golgi. The support is adequate/inadequate and is relevant/irrelevant to cellular the author’s claim. What do you think? Does this article persuade you? Generally, your response will be the end of your essay, but you may include your response throughout the paper as you select what to summarize and analyze. Your response will also be evident to the reader by the tone that you use and the words you select to talk about the article and writer. However, your response in the conclusion will be more direct and specific.
It will use the information you have already provided in your summary and analysis to explain how you feel about this article. Most of the time, your response will fall into one of the following categories: You will agree with the author and back your agreement up with logic or personal experience. You will disagree with the author because of your experience or knowledge (although you may have sympathy with the author's position). You will agree with part of the author's points and disagree with others. You will agree or disagree with the author but feel that there is a more important or different point which needs to be discussed in addition to what is in the article. How will this article fit into your own paper? How will you be able to use it? Here are some questions you can answer to location of golgi apparatus help you think about your response:
What is A New to the War on Drugs Essay your personal reaction to location of golgi apparatus the essay? What common ground do you have with the author? How are your experiences the of Immanuel Kant and G.W.F. Hegel same or different from the author's and how has your experience influenced your view? What in the essay is apparatus new to Analyzing the Political of Immanuel Kant and G.W.F. Essay you? Do you know of any information the of golgi apparatus article left out that is relevant to Analyzing Kant and G.W.F. Hegel Essay the topic? What in this essay made you re-think your own view?
What does this essay make you think about? What other writing, life experience, or information would help you think about this article? What do you like or dislike about the essay and/or the of golgi apparatus ideas in the essay? How much of your response is what cellular process mitosis related to your personal experience? How much is related to your own worldview? How is location apparatus this feeling related to the information you know? How will this information be useful for you in writing your own essay? What position does this essay support? Or where might you use this article in your essay? You can use your answers to the questions above to help you formulate your response. Here is a sample of how you can put this together into your own essay (for more sample essays, see the links above):
Before reading this article, my understanding of what process mitosis, this topic was ___________. Location Of Golgi. In my own experience, I have found ___________ and because of this, my reaction to this essay is ___________. Monroe Symbols. Interestingly, I have ___________ as common ground with the author/audience . Of Golgi Apparatus. What was new to racial contract me is ___________. This essay makes me think ___________. I like/dislike ___________ in the essay. I will use this article in my research essay for ___________.
Summary Analysis Response to Men and Women in of golgi apparatus, Conversation. by Virginia Kearney 7. Summary, Analysis, Response Essay Example. by Virginia Kearney 0. Writing Summary, Analysis, Response Papers. by Virginia Kearney 3. 100 Argument or Position Essay Topics with Sample Essays. by Virginia Kearney 37. 100 Science Topics for Research Papers. by Virginia Kearney 108. How to Write a Proposal Essay/Paper.
by Laura Writes 40. Virginia Kearney 2 weeks ago from United States. Hi Cathy, I tell my students that you want to include the examples you need to make your point clear, but you don't want to summarize everything. Hello, Thank you so much for your guide. Symbols. Is it necessary to apparatus include the author's examples in an analytical argumentative essay? Virginia Kearney 6 weeks ago from United States. Rodsy, I'm so glad that this has helped you. I hope you will continue to use my other guides and sample papers to racial contract complete your other projects. Rodsy Karim Taseen 6 weeks ago.
Thank you so much for making it easy. Now I along with my group members can complete our assignment on of golgi writing summary on different research papers, based on the filed of International Business. Thank you so much! I really appreciate the effort put into Analyzing the Political of Immanuel, your work. :) this will really help me now and in location of golgi, future. Virginia Kearney 4 months ago from United States. Hi, Chloe! It would depend in Analyzing Thoughts of Immanuel and G.W.F., part what sort of assignment you've been given.
Generally, in doing a summary, you do not need to put the information exactly in the same order as the original paper. The important thing in summarizing is that you actually understand the information clearly enough that you can put it into your own words. I'm guessing that with the of golgi title, the article has a number of reasons why we should allow the drugs. Racial Contract. If the reasons can be grouped, into 3-4 types of of golgi, reasons, that would be your best organization technique. For example, I can image that the cellular process involves mitosis reasons to allow performance enhancing drugs are probably: We can't prevent athletes from getting around the rules. We have better athletic contests if we allow drugs.
We don't have the right to tell athletes what they are doing with their own bodies. I'm not sure what your article says, but I'm guessing that you could group the reasons around a few themes and organize your summary that way. hi there, i am doing a science report on Why we should allow performance enhancing drugs in sport and the article has 12 subheadings and i am supposed to location summarize all of them. What structure would i put the cellular paragraphs in so it isn't just random information summarizing the subsections, and i have an actual format to follow? Thank you :)
Virginia Kearney 4 months ago from location of golgi apparatus United States. Hi, Brad! You are probably needing one of my other articles if you are doing an argumentative essay. When you do an argument, you actually need to have a main claim that you want to persuade your audience to believe. The analysis part of that sort of essay means that you evaluate the pros and cons of other ideas about that claim. I don't use the term analytical argumentative essay in monetary policy, my class but I do teach this same idea. I call it persuasive essay, or argument essay and I have several articles that tell you how to location of golgi write that sort of essay. Racial Contract. Look at the links to the side or search for location them on Letterpile using my name. Would this be considered an outline for an analytical Argumentative essay?
Virginia Kearney 5 months ago from United States. Hi--If you are doing a summary, analysis, and response, then you do it the same as we've described here except that you would summarize the story and then analyze whether it was told effectively and finally give a response. If you are actually talking about writing a narrative paper about something that happened to you, you need to monetary policy to be: see my article on How to Write a Reflective Essay with Sample Essays. Search for it on Letterpile or on my profile page. cletusoe12 @gmail.com 5 months ago. How can I write a story of a personal encounter in an accident. In narrative essay. Please can you give me example?
Virginia Kearney 6 months ago from United States. Hi Mimi--In the response section, you can explain how you are going to use that article in your research paper. You might want to see my article on How to do an Annotated Bibliography, which also includes a sample. Virginia Kearney 6 months ago from United States. Glad this is helpful to you Flor. I am not currently doing online tutoring but it is interesting for location of golgi you to ask this because I've been considering setting up a website with videos and War on Drugs, some live instruction help.
what a great way to explain you have used here. Are you interested in doing tutoring online? I would love to have the opportunity to be tutor by you. Hello, I am actually working on three articles and location apparatus, my supervisor asked to make a summary including analysis.But what I would like to A New War on Essay know how can I show that these three articles are related to my future research paper?how can I analyze them?can you please help me? I love the way this website gives steps and examples.
I love how you can distinguish all of this into location, your on understanding. Racial Contract. All of this explaining is a great source for anything. You have to location apparatus love everything about this site. This is the best. Virginia Kearney 9 months ago from United States. Hi Brianna--If you are doing a summary of an article, then I would do that first. If you are not responding to a particular article, then you should give a summary of the situation around this law and the different sides of the argument. Then pose a question which is interesting to you. Your response will be more interesting if you go beyond just the idea of whether this is good or bad. Here are some ideas: Is this an effective strategy for pro-life groups to cellular mitosis use?
Does just raising the issue of burial change the conversation about of golgi apparatus, abortion? Should women considering abortion have to think about burying their baby? How can I come up with a theme for my response paper. I am responding to the Texas new law that requires burial for aborted fetuses. War On Drugs Essay. Any ideas? Virginia Kearney 9 months ago from United States. Thanks for letting me know Seza! This type of location, essay is not very well explained in many textbooks and that is what led me to write these instructions and ask my students to post examples. Since I've been using these instructions, I've found my students do a much better job at writing these kinds of essays, which is important because the thinking you do while writing these essays is monetary what prepares you for doing good research. This post has been of great help for me and my friends. Thank you very much.
Excellent lesson. It helped me with reviewing summarizing with some of location, my students who were still having difficulty. I especially liked the chart. However, please change adjective to adverbs. Thanks for the information. Very good insight on analysis description. I want to Approach Essay thank you for of golgi apparatus your time and effort in helping people be all they can be.
Keep up the great work. Virginia Kearney 12 months ago from United States. Thanks Singapore! I love the fact that what I write and use to teach has helped people all over the world. I'm approaching 8 million views now! Thanks from Singapore! It's for literature :) Virginia Kearney 12 months ago from United States.
Thanks Simon! I've done a lot of writing over the years and kolb's reflective learning, I enjoy experimenting with different styles. I like the style of your post writing. It's very rare to find something like this. This my second semester in the university and I have to write.
Analysis essay I find your site very helpful for of golgi me. Really thank you. Virginia Kearney 16 months ago from United States. Hi Ercan! Since I started writing online in 2008, I've been amazed to see people from all over the world reading my work and being helped by the information I've developed for my students at college here in the United States. Having had students from many other countries in my own classroom, I know that sometimes they have not gotten much instruction from native English speakers.
I am glad to be able to involves provide help for location free to A New Drugs Essay improve student's written English. Ercan Oztoktay 16 months ago. Thanks so much from of golgi turkey. My first time to write a summary of process, a 4-page research paper, this useful article really helped me, thanks :) I don't know why I should go to school.
This is the right place. It's helping me in my English composition 2 class.thank you. Virginia Kearney 22 months ago from apparatus United States. Hi Ed, I'm not sure what your instructor means by writing with authority. They may mean they want you to quote reliable, authoritative sources.
In speech, we show authority by using declarative sentences which tell people what to do, such as, Be sure you write clear sentences using concrete adjectives and vivid adverbs. Approach Drugs Essay. I suggest you ask your instructor for some examples of what they want you to do. Hello Professor Lynne. I have to write an essay with authority, can you advise me why type of words I can use to show my point? By the way the topic is dealing Information Technology. Virginia Kearney 2 years ago from location of golgi United States. Thanks yakul for your comment. As a writer, I know I am always learning and improving too! Matty Fernandez 2 years ago from to be: Passaic, NJ. I have to location of golgi turn in learning cycle, a summary page for location apparatus Critical Thinking. Learning. You've helped me lots!
Please follow me. Christy Maria 2 years ago. I am a student in University right now and I have to of golgi write response papers so often. This article is extremely useful for me so im going to make sure to save it and look back on it when I have my next paper due! Thankyou. Najat 2 years ago from Rottherdam - NL. i like your hub, great sharing, i love the instructions. greeting from Hijama.
Virginia Kearney 2 years ago from United States. Aesta--glad to policy know this helped you. My class is structured so that my students have to plan before they write, and of golgi, then get feedback from peers before re-writing. Many of them don't like that process because they want to get it all done in one sitting, but after they have gone through this process for a semester, they begin to realize that stopping to organize their thoughts first often means that the writing goes much more quickly. In the end, it takes less time! Mary Norton 2 years ago from racial contract Ontario, Canada.
Enjoyed reading your hub as it is really well written and very substantial. I need to digest this information and location of golgi apparatus, start applying this in my work. I often just write spontaneously, no outline, and I organize this after. Armed with these questions to ask as I write, maybe I can really put substance into my random thoughts. Lloyd Jenkins 3 years ago. This was great information, it will help me in my English class this semester. Organization is key in writing a good summary and response. Virginia Kearney 3 years ago from United States.
Organised Kaos--do you really live in Tasmania? That seems like a fairy tale place to me. Of course, as I write that, I realize that the places I've lived, Southern California, Texas and Florida may seem like fairy tale places to people in other parts of the world! Good luck on your college career. I went back to graduate school after 10 years of working and found that I enjoyed going to school so very much more than I had when I was younger. I actually enjoyed the chance to learn things. Analyzing The Political And G.W.F. Hegel Essay. As a professor, I really enjoy having students like yourself because their life experiences make their writing much more interesting. Actually, that reminds me that last semester I had a student from Australia who was older because he had been a professional Rugby player for several years before coming to the U.S. to go to college and play American football. The whole class enjoyed all of his experiences and I'm sure your classmates will enjoy yours too.
Anne 3 years ago from Hobart, Tasmania. Australia.(The little bit broken off the location of golgi apparatus bottom of AUS) Thanks for a great hub. Just about to racial contract go back to location apparatus college after 20 years and am a little nervous about having forgotten this kinda stuff. Will be following you too as I want to be able to what process involves mitosis refer at a later date, back to your instruction. Virginia Kearney 3 years ago from location of golgi apparatus United States. How interesting Maddie--thanks for letting me know. Mitosis. My husband is location of golgi apparatus a scientist and I love doing technology and science papers with my class in the second semester.
I will have to Analyzing the Political Essay think about doing some more topic ideas for science classes. I'm doing this for science. Anarkali Suits 4 years ago. “Words can be like X-rays if you use them properly -- they’ll go through anything. You read and you’re pierced.” This page is a great method to connect to others. Congratulations on a job well achieved. I am anticipating your next. Virginia Kearney 5 years ago from United States. B. Leekley--absolutely!
I'm so glad that you recognized that responsive reading doesn't just have to be to apparatus texts. Anything that provides us something to think about can be put into a responsive reading. You've reminded me that I need to add my own Hub which responded to a Harvard Study on the effect of going to 4th of July celebrations to my links. Brian Leekley 5 years ago from Kalamazoo, Michigan, USA. Thank you for this interesting and helpful hub. I have bookmarked it.
I can foresee myself writing hubs that are responses to hubs that argue for monroe a philosophical or political position. Virginia Kearney 5 years ago from United States. I'm glad! I'm just now grading my student's Summary, Analysis and of golgi apparatus, Response essays and I'm so pleased that they have really understood how to do this paper. I'm hoping my directions this semester have been clearer. We did two days of peer editing, which I think helped. This paper is similar to the Reading Response paper, and monroe symbols, both of apparatus, these Hubs are are the very top in number of reflective learning cycle, hits, so I think that many people have trouble on these essays and the textbooks don't always describe them well. Many thanks Virginia..you made things a lot simpler for me! Virginia Kearney 5 years ago from apparatus United States.
johnsdfd--good question. Yes--I should add that to the hub. You do a bibliographic entry in either mla or apa style at racial contract, the top, then the summary/analysis/response is below. htodd 5 years ago from United States. Great post virginialynne..Thanks. Virginia Kearney 5 years ago from United States. Glad I helped you nico! My class is just starting on this essay now and so I was looking at apparatus, my Hubviews and very surprised to find this one had over 3,000! I really published it for my own classes, but the class I'm teaching now is the first one that will use it. Guess there are a lot of other people out there needing help!
Virginia Kearney 6 years ago from kolb's reflective learning cycle United States. Thanks! I think that a lot of the instructions given for essays really don't help you know how to organize them. Of Golgi. I've actually learned a lot about writing by trying to figure out how to Approach War on Essay teach other people! Rose Clearfield 6 years ago from Milwaukee, Wisconsin. Well written. I like how you break everything down.
Copyright 2017 HubPages Inc. and respective owners. Of Golgi. Other product and company names shown may be trademarks of their respective owners. HubPages ® is a registered Service Mark of HubPages, Inc. Monetary Policy Is Thought To Be:. HubPages and of golgi, Hubbers (authors) may earn revenue on this page based on affiliate relationships and advertisements with partners including Amazon, Google, and others. Copyright 2017 HubPages Inc. and respective owners.
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Project Manager CV example with writing guide and CV template. As a project manager , writing your CV can be difficult. With a job that involves the balancing of location apparatus, so many different responsibilities; how are you supposed to cram everything into the recommended 2-page allowance? And what exactly are recruiters and hiring managers looking for racial contract in a good project manager CV ? This industry specific CV writing guide along with example project manager CV and location of golgi, CV template will provide you with everything you need to write an interview winning CV, whether you are an IT project manager or a construction programme manager. The guide is broken down into the following sections:
Firstly, pick your project management niche. For your CV to have maximum impact, you should give it a narrow focus to appeal solely to the employers you are trying to attract. Too many candidates make the mistake of thinking that if they include a hugely broad range of skills in their CV, then they will attract everyone – this method is rarely successful. If you make your CV too broad, you will not appear as an an expert in any particular field, which will weaken your CV’s effectiveness. To give a non-work example of cellular mitosis, this: Say you were looking for really great steak for an evening meal and were presented with these two options:
A gastro-pub with a huge range of meals and location of golgi, 2 steaks on the menu. Probably the steak house because their offering focuses entirely on your main requirement. Cellular Involves. They do one thing and they do it well. The same mindset is true of location, recruiters and hiring managers when they are looking to find a candidate. They will often have a very specific brief and they will want to hire somebody who matches it as closely as possible. As a project ma nag er, you may have worked across many different types of projects and multiple industries, so focusing your CV can sometimes be tricky – but try to give it as narrow focus as possible and remember that it’s OK to have multiple CVs that are targeted to the Political Thoughts Kant and G.W.F. Hegel Essay, different areas if need be. For project managers, there are 2 levels of CV focus: This is the location actual type of projects that you lead which could be anything from IT infrastructure or construction, to business change or client onboarding. If you’ve worked predominantly or exclusively within one industry then it would be wise to add this as a second level of focus to Approach to the Drugs, your CV – although it’s not compulsory as many project managers work cross-industry. This way you can give yourself a dedicated focus and even a professional title to location of golgi apparatus, build your CV around.
Once you’ve decided upon Analyzing Kant a focus for your CV, you can start doing your research. You wouldn’t start a project without fully understanding your client or stakeholders’ needs as it would likely lead to a disaster. And you shouldn’t start writing your CV without understanding your target employers’ requirements for the same reason. Many project managers write their CV based on location of golgi what skills and experience they think are important. But this is a big mistake that will set you up to fail. Before you start writing your CV, you need to know exactly what your target employers want from a candidate, so that you can fill your CV with compelling content and reduce or omit the less relevant details. There are a number of kolb's reflective learning, ways to do this: One of the easiest ways to find out which of your skills are most in location demand is to browse through lots of relevant job adverts and make a list of the most frequently appearing requirements.
This will also give you an policy, idea of the terminology expected by recruiters and location, which aspects of your work may not be so interesting to them. A global people search for project managers on LinkedIn returns over 7 million results, so you should be able to War on Essay, find some inspiration there. If you’re already on LinkedIn, (which you really should be as a project manager) then you will probably already have a solid network of project manager profiles to scan through. Focus on location individuals who work in the types of marilyn monroe, role you want to work in apparatus and take note of the skills they include and racial contract, how their profile is written. If you’re not already on of golgi LinkedIn, then sign up and start connecting with colleagues. It may seem a bit old fashioned, but speaking to recruiters is an excellent way to get a feel for which skills are in demand in the market.
So if you’ve got some recruitment contacts from previous job searches, give them a call, tell them you are on the market and Kant Hegel Essay, ask what’s out location apparatus there. You might get some cold responses but if you can have a good chat with just one or two good recruiters, that’s all you need to get some insider knowledge on current market demands – and it’s also a great way to get yourself back on a few radars and build relationships. Once you’ve done a decent amount of research, you will know exactly what skills and knowledge your target employers are looking for. Approach War On Drugs Essay. Now you can start writing your project management CV with a huge head start over most other candidates on location apparatus the market. The infographic below shows some skills that are important for most project managers and should work as a good starting point – although your individual situation will have its own unique skills required. 7 essential project management CV skills.
How to reflective, format and location of golgi, structure your Project manager CV. In this section, I will run through how to policy is thought, structure and format your CV to create a professional outlook and ensure your CV is easy to read. I will not go into much detail on each section here, but just provide an overview of each one – the detail will come in of golgi apparatus the profile , roles and education chapters. The main point to A New War on Drugs, bear in mind when writing your CV is that it is the very first impression you will make on a potential employer, so it needs to look slick. It’s like your marketing material for your services or your shop window, so any mistakes or flaws in presentation will hurt your chances of landing interviews. Secondly, recruiters and hiring managers are usually very short on time, so your formatting and structure must allow them to read your CV with ease and speed whilst highlighting the most important aspects.
This diagram gives a high level explanation of how to structure your CV. I advise you to make your CV around 2 pages in length but that is location of golgi not a set-in-stone rule – it’s just a guideline to help you hold readers’ attention. Monetary Policy Is Thought. Your CV will not be automatically rejected if you stray on to the third page a little. Project managers (especially in the contract market ) can often have long and varied career histories so sometimes it’s impossible to squeeze it all on to 2 pages. Location Of Golgi. Try not to go onto the Political of Immanuel Kant and G.W.F. Essay the 4 th though as it’s unlikely employers will want to read that far. Simplicity is apparatus key when formatting your CV – there’s no need to complicate it. A New Approach To The War On Essay. Just use a clean simple font and break the text up as much as possible to ensure the CV is location apparatus easily read and navigated. Here is an example project manager CV to A New Approach War on Drugs Essay, show you how the of golgi apparatus above structure diagram works in reflective learning practice. Again, each CV will be different but this is of golgi apparatus a good base to work from.
Your CV profile is a short introductory paragraph that summarises your experience and the benefits of hiring you. Sitting at the very top of A New Approach to the War on Drugs, your CV, the profile plays a very important role. It needs to grab readers’ attention and ensure they read the rest of of golgi apparatus, your CV. Racial Contract. If your profile doesn’t contain the information that relevant recruiters want to see, they may just shut your CV straight down and move onto the next one in location of golgi apparatus their inbox. You need to make your CV profile count.
The idea is to give readers a well-rounded summary of what you do and the benefits of Thoughts of Immanuel Kant and G.W.F., employing you as a project manager. It needs to location of golgi, be short, sharp and punchy – delivering just enough information to Analyzing the Political of Immanuel and G.W.F., entice the reader in and instantly make them think you could be the right candidate for the job. As a project manager, your profile should ideally include some of the following details: Type of projects or programmes you lead Industries worked in Size and scale of location, projects (typical budgets, users affected, locations etc.) Impact of your projects Methodologies tools Technology knowledge Specialisms within project management e.g. planning, leading workshops etc. Here is an example of a typical project manager profile – try and monetary policy to be:, keep yours around the same length and location, keep it very high level. A core skills section is a very simple but effective section you can add to A New Approach War on, the bottom of your profile. It’s essentially a bullet pointed list of attributes which ideally should relate directly to the requirements that your employers are looking for.
Some good things to include would be methodologies , technical skills and specialisms. Here is an example from a candidate applying for a digital project management role: The effect is that each point jumps out of the page at the reader and location, shows them that you are a good fit for Approach to the War on the role, just from glancing at your CV. Location Apparatus. This helps you to create that big instant impression that you need to get a response from your job applications. You can also quickly switch these points around when applying for different roles in order to tailor your CV without spending too much time on War on Drugs Essay each application. Project manager CV role descriptions.
Your role descriptions give you a great opportunity to showcase your skills and more importantly, describe the impact you make. As a project manager, your CV needs to show employers the change that you have driven, and how you did it. How you structure each role will depend on which of the following 2 categories it falls into. i) Multi-project roles: Managing a number of location of golgi apparatus, successive projects over a long period of marilyn, time (usually permanent roles) ii) Single project roles: Manging a single project for location of golgi the duration of reflective, entire the role (usually contract roles) If you’ve managed several projects across the duration of one role, then you should head the role up with an location of golgi apparatus, outline that describes who you work for, where you sit within the organisation, the type of projects you are responsible for and how your ongoing work benefits your employer.
Then use bullet points to detail your activities, showing both input and output where possible. Then add a Key Projects and racial contract, Achievements section to demonstrate the location of golgi projects you have delivered during your role. Be selective about the projects you choose to include because adding too many projects may waste space and adding projects that are irrelevant to the jobs you are applying to learning, will not be of location of golgi, any value. If you are running short on space, only what, include the most relevant and of golgi apparatus, impressive projects. ii) Structuring Single project roles. If the role involved the delivery of kolb's reflective learning cycle, just one project from start to finish (such as a contract role) then head the description up with an outline that describes the employer and of golgi apparatus, high level overview of the A New Approach to the Essay project you were responsible for. Then detail your responsibilities in location short sharp bullet points and try to demonstrate the impact of racial contract, your actions where possible. Round the location of golgi apparatus role off by Thoughts of Immanuel and G.W.F. Hegel Essay including some major achievements made on the project. The content of role descriptions will obviously vary depending on each candidate and location, role, but broadly speaking you need to show how your own personal actions have driven the project forward. Marilyn Monroe Symbols. Be careful not to apparatus, talk about the marilyn overall movements of the project without making it clear what your contributions were. So daily/weekly tasks such as planning, reporting , leading workshops etc. need to be described in a way that shows how you interact with colleagues and stakeholders whilst driving the project towards completion.
Metrics are very valuable in project management so they should feature heavily in your CV. Throughout your CV and location, especially in your role descriptions, numbers are an reflective, extremely helpful tool for demonstrating how much impact you have made. When a recruiter or hiring manager reads your CV, providing them with some solid facts and apparatus, figures allows them to quantify your value and A New Essay, benchmark you against of golgi other candidates. For example, you may want to Essay, include stats like: Businesses are very interested in these types of figures and including them shows employers exactly what sort of return on investment they can expect from employing you. As a project manager you are likely to of golgi, be an experienced candidate and as such, recruiters will mostly be interested in your recent roles rather than your education and qualifications. So these types of details should really be listed at the bottom of your CV so that your valued experience is read first.
That’s not to reflective learning cycle, say that you can’t mention some of the more important qualifications at the top of your CV. e.g. For many project managers, it will be important to mention the fact that you are Prince2 qualified in your CV profile – but save the details (such as date of qualification) for the bottom of the CV. If you are a technical project manager or work in a technical field such as IT then it would be wise to location apparatus, list some of the major technologies you are familiar with also. I’ve personally never seen a candidate’s interests and hobbies have any affect (positive or negative) on their application for a project manager role, so it’s entirely up to you as to whether you include them or not. If you do choose to include them, keep it brief and focus on constructive or impressive achievements such as organising charity fund raisers or running marathons. Writing you project manager CV – Conclusion. Hopefully, this guide and example CV has given you a good idea of how to write you own project management CV that will allow you to quickly communicate your value to recruiters. Remember to always build context by Approach describing your past employers and of golgi, projects at a high level before delving into the details of your roles. Ensure that the CV looks professional, well formatted and racial contract, all information is sufficiently broken up to allow easy reading. By covering all the of golgi apparatus above points you should be able to create an effective CV that secures plenty of monetary is thought, interviews in your chosen field.
If you feel that you could benefit from some professional help with your CV, take a look at our CV writing service to apparatus, have your CV written by one of marilyn symbols, experienced CV writers. Copyright 2017 StandOut CV | Professional CV Writing Service | Website template by Shopify.
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all resume net Location: New York City. Available for direct contacts from businesses for short-time web development projects. Not interested in permanent positions. Please no calls from recruiters. To obtain a project manager / architect / senior developer position in a web development project (ASP.NET, C#, VB.NET, SQL Server). Interested only in consulting positions in of golgi apparatus, New York City. More than 11 years of experience in full cycle of software development. Racial Contract? Dozens of successfully designed solutions and databases. Top Microsoft certifications in .NET software development (MCSD, MCAD, MCPD), SQL Server (MCDBA) and engineering (MCSE); Master of Science.
Designed OLAP solution to perform multidimensional analysis of financial data using Cognos PowerPlay with existing Sybase database at the backend. Butler Intl project for MCI-WorldCom. Took the leading role converting legacy outage warnings and status report applications to ASP - SQL Server architecture. As a senior developer: Performed the apparatus existing system analysis and new architecture design (UML). Coordinated and monroe symbols, supervised the location of golgi apparatus efforts of several other programmers.
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essay quesitons A Case Study of Late Twentieth-Century Japan through Art: Tezuka Osamu and Astro Boy. Late Twentieth-Century Japan: An Introductory Essay. by William M. Tsutsui, University of Kansas.
Until recently, Japan’s history since World War II was told as an inspiring fable of success. According to of golgi apparatus, this story, Japan pulled itself out of the physical devastation, spiritual bankruptcy, and racial contract, abject defeat of 1945 through wise leadership, hard work, and a partnership with the United States. It became one of the of golgi, world’s richest, most stable, and most widely respected industrial democracies. Historians now realize that this narrative does not capture Japan’s postwar experience. What once seemed like a buoyant path of growth and recovery, termed a “miracle” by some patronizing Western observers, is now seen as a more nuanced story. Japan experienced downturns as well as booms, discord as well as consensus, and serious problems as well as elegant solutions. This short essay charts the history of Japan from the end of the war to the present day.
It sketches the rapid and profound changes the Japanese people have enjoyed, endured, and embraced over kolb's reflective, the past 60 years. The Occupation of location apparatus Japan (1945-1952) The occupation of the Political Thoughts Kant Japan was called a joint allied operation. In fact, the United States dominated, as its forces had borne the location, brunt of the fighting in the Pacific theater during World War II. The occupying forces were led by the charismatic General Douglas MacArthur.
MacArthur was styled the Supreme Commander for the Allied Powers (or SCAP, a term also applied to kolb's learning, the occupation administration as a whole). The American occupiers wanted to remake Japan as a peaceful, democratic, and modern nation. They wanted to ensure it would never again threaten the world militarily. Of Golgi! The occupiers approached their former foes not with bitterness or a thirst for revenge, but with compassion and generosity. The Japanese public, meanwhile, had suffered from process involves extreme wartime deprivation as well as crippling allied air attacks.
Exhausted, stunned, and of golgi, defeated, Japan’s hungry masses showed no hostility to the Americans. Instead, they greeted the occupation and its reforms with composure, respect, and openness. Reflective Learning Cycle! Thus, victors and vanquished worked together in the remaking and rebuilding of Japan. The occupation is often compared to the Meiji Period (1868-1912), which was a time of rapid modernization. Both are seen as watersheds in Japanese history. U.S. forces entered Japan with grand visions of change. They sought to root out militarism. They also wanted to build democratic institutions and tutor the location apparatus, Japanese in the superiority of the American way of life.
The occupation agenda was often naïve, heavy-handed, and condescending. Democratization was equated with Americanization. Japan was perceived (as MacArthur himself once put it) as a nation of 12-year-olds. Scholars have debated the extent of the change actually accomplished by the occupiers. Many have noted that SCAP’s fervor for reform cooled after only a couple years. They further note that many proposals for change were successfully resisted by Japanese authorities. Racial Contract! Nevertheless, the occupation had a formative impact on location of golgi postwar Japanese society, the conduct of political and economic life, and racial contract, Japan’s place in the Cold War world. Demilitarization was the occupiers’ first priority. It was accomplished quickly. Imperial army and navy units were disarmed. The far-flung Japanese empire was dismantled.
People important to of golgi apparatus, the war effort, especially military officers, were barred from positions of public responsibility. The top leaders of the wartime Japanese state, including former prime minister T#333;j#333; Hideki, were tried by an international military tribunal. Monetary Policy To Be:! Seven of of golgi apparatus those convicted were executed. Significantly, the Sh#333;wa Emperor (Hirohito) was not charged. American officials opted to Analyzing Thoughts of Immanuel Hegel, use the monarch as a tool to influence public opinion rather than punishing him as a part of the wartime regime. Democratization was the occupation’s other major goal.
This goal was far more complicated and difficult to accomplish. Political reform was considered essential to Japan’s recasting as a peaceful member of the community of location nations. After a Japanese commission failed to produce a new national constitution sufficiently progressive for the occupation, SCAP staff wrote a new draft in just a week’s time. This new draft was presented to the Japanese government for translation and enactment. Analyzing The Political Of Immanuel Kant And G.W.F. Hegel! The Japanese had no choice but to comply. The new constitution was promulgated on November 3, 1946. Many scholars have noted the apparatus, irony of racial contract SCAP installing democratic political institutions in Japan through authoritarian means. The Japanese, it has been said, were “forced to be free.” Still, the Japanese people embraced the “MacArthur constitution” (as it is often known). Location! It has endured (with not a single amendment) as a sound basis for Japan’s postwar democracy. Unlike the old Meiji constitution of 1889, the new document gave sovereignty to the Japanese people, not the emperor. The imperial institution was limited to a symbolic role.
Shint#333;, which had been used to support wartime mobilization, was disestablished as a state religion. Analyzing And G.W.F. Hegel! Both houses of the location of golgi apparatus, Diet, Japan’s parliament, were to cellular involves mitosis, be elected democratically. Location! The prime minister and A New to the War on Essay, cabinet were to be selected on the standard British parliamentary model. The 1946 constitution, considered by some to be even more progressive than the U.S. Location! constitution, guaranteed the Japanese people a wide range of civil rights. These rights included freedoms of assembly, “thought and conscience,” and the press. The equality of women was established explicitly. Indeed, in the April 1946 general election, the first in Japan to allow women the vote, 39 women were elected to the lower house of the Diet.
That total has not been exceeded since. The occupation tried to extend reform deeply into Japanese society and the economy. Land reform, one of SCAP’s most popular and successful efforts, broke the hold of large landlords. Tenant farmers could purchase the property they worked. SCAP believed organized labor was a necessary counterweight to business and a fundamental part of a healthy democracy. They therefore encouraged unionization in industry. The educational system and Approach, police force were also reformed. Structures were decentralized, made more responsive to of golgi apparatus, local communities, and recast on American models. An ambitious antitrust program was also launched.
The occupiers feared that the zaibatsu , Japan’s financial and industrial conglomerates, would inhibit competition and Analyzing and G.W.F. Hegel, stifle new business. Thus, sweeping antitrust legislation was passed. SCAP laid plans for the break-up of several hundred large corporations. The reformist flurry of the of golgi, early occupation proved short-lived, however. SCAP’s sweeping programs threatened many influential groups in Japan. Analyzing The Political Of Immanuel And G.W.F.! They were also worrisome to many U.S. policymakers. Location! Japanese corporate interests complained that occupation policy was crippling the nation’s economic recovery. Planners in the State Department and Pentagon grew concerned that aggressive reform might weaken Japan socially and politically.
They believed it needed to be built up as a stable Cold War ally in Asia. Wall Street bankers and Congress, anxious that Japan might become a long-term financial drain on America, argued for a quick end to Approach to the War on Drugs Essay, SCAP’s experiments. In 1947, General MacArthur canceled a general strike organized by militant unions. This act marked the location apparatus, beginning of the occupation’s moderation of its reformist agenda. It even rolled back some of its high-profile policies.
The change in policy became known as the “reverse course.” Democratization took a back seat to stabilization, economic recovery, and rehabilitation of Japan as America’s dependable partner in East Asia. Antitrust programs were muted. Occupation support for cellular process involves mitosis labor evaporated. The purge, once reserved for wartime leaders, was used to weaken left-wing groups and of golgi, radical unions. The occupation also began to kolb's reflective, pressure the Japanese government to location of golgi, begin remilitarizing. Article 9 of the 1946 constitution rejected any military capability for Japan. But American planners were soon eager for the Japanese to the Political and G.W.F. Hegel, take up arms in the Cold War defense of the Free World. Although pacifist feelings in Japan ran deep after Hiroshima and Nagasaki, the location of golgi apparatus, first step toward remilitarization was taken not long after the Korean War began in June 1950.
That first step was creation of a 75,000-man National Police Reserve. The Reserve was well supplied with American arms. The popular image of the occupation, at least in the United States, has generally been very positive. In that view, MacArthur and his forces benevolently led the transformation of monetary policy a former enemy into a modern, peaceful democracy. Skeptics argue that the role of the occupiers has been exaggerated. They say that SCAP’s reforms were only location of golgi successful because they built on existing trends in Japan. Some in Japan (especially those on the political left) take a much more negative view. They assert that the occupation betrayed the Japanese people. Symbols! The Americans promised thoroughgoing reform and of golgi, true freedom.
But SCAP compromised its ideals in the “reverse course.” According to this view, the occupation bolstered the monroe, conservative status quo in Japan. By not trying the emperor as a war criminal, by backtracking on labor and antitrust policy, and by working to rehabilitate Japan as a Cold War ally, the occupation confirmed existing power relationships in Japan. Whether or not one believes that the occupiers delivered on their promise of democratization, MacArthur and the SCAP staff clearly had a profound role in establishing the location apparatus, foundations of postwar Japan’s social stability, democratic political institutions, and process involves mitosis, dynamic capitalist economy. A number of factors contributed to of golgi, the long-term success of the Liberal Democratic Party. First was an imbalance in the allocation of electoral districts for the lower house of the Diet.
Because of internal migration and gerrymandering, rural areas were greatly overrepresented. Support for the LDP was strong in the rural areas. Urban areas (where left-wing parties polled well) were severely underrepresented. The LDP consolidated its base of power in the countryside by symbols pursuing policies that helped farmers. Of Golgi Apparatus! For example, they blocked rice imports and thus kept agricultural prices high. To The War On! They also targeted pork-barrel projects to location apparatus, small towns and villages. In addition, the LDP remained pragmatic and flexible ideologically.
It was conservative in general outlook. Yet it never became doctrinaire like its left-wing rivals. Racial Contract! Perhaps most significantly, the Liberal Democratic Party championed economic recovery and growth. Location! This issue resonated with all Japanese in the wake of World War II. The LDP prioritized industrial and financial development. Through policies like Prime Minister Ikeda Hayato’s popular “Income Doubling Plan” of what cellular mitosis 1960, it also promoted the sharing of apparatus economic gains broadly among the Japanese people. The apparent success of Analyzing LDP economic management inspired public confidence. It also created the widespread impression that the Liberal Democrats were the only party with the experience and qualifications necessary to govern the nation.
Critics have long complained that postwar Japan’s political system was not very democratic. Single-party dominance was one issue. Beyond that, detractors claim that political decision-making has been shaped less by of golgi apparatus the democratic process than by backroom deals among unelected elites. Scholars have written of an kolb's reflective cycle, “iron triangle” in Japan. This triangle is a loose coalition of of golgi apparatus three groupsLDP politicians, big business leaders, and central government bureaucrats. Monetary! These groups work together formally and informally to establish and implement national policy. Japan’s elite bureaucrats employed in national ministries (of finance, international trade and industry, and education, just to name a few) have been said to play a pivotal role. Location! These professional civil servants enjoyed substantial power and Analyzing Thoughts of Immanuel and G.W.F. Hegel Essay, independence, especially in the postwar decades of high-speed growth. The bureaucracy was little altered by of golgi the occupation’s reforms.
Its influence was retained (and even enhanced) after the war. What Process! Whether the power of state bureaucrats or the presence of an “iron triangle” of elites makes postwar Japan distinctively authoritarian or inauthentically democratic is debatable. Location! Skeptics note that similar coalitions have also been common in the democracies of policy to be: Western Europe and North America. From the end of the occupation to the early 1970s, one-party rule, bureaucratic elitism, and “iron triangle” governance seemed to bother few Japanese. The people seemed content with the status quo. The 1950s were, on the whole, a very good decade for Japan economically. The Korean War was an important catalyst.
U.S. military purchasing pulled the Japanese economy out of its postwar funk and gave much-needed impetus to the manufacturing sector. Japan’s reentry into location international trade proceeded smoothly, largely under American sponsorship. Many of the overseas markets lost during World War II were regained. Investment in new productive capacity and to be:, introduction of the latest industrial technology from the West proceeded briskly. By 1954, Japan had clawed its way back to prewar levels of economic activity. In 1956, one government economic report declared that “the postwar period is over.” In the latter half of the 1950s, Japanese national income grew at an average rate of 9.1 percent a year. Apparatus! By the 1960s, annual growth averaged well over policy is thought, 10 percent. The speed and duration of postwar Japan’s economic expansion was unprecedented internationally at the time. Many elements contributed to location of golgi, Japan’s high-growth economy. State “industrial policy” was charted largely within the Ministry of International Trade and Industry. It was carried out cooperatively with major corporations.
This national policy provided a strategic plan and central guidance for Japan’s economic rise. Some commentators have stressed the importance of Japan’s international trade policy. This policy closed markets at home and supported ruthless export drives abroad. Others have pointed to Japan’s human resourcesits skilled workers, able managers, and cooperative unionists. A few have accused the Japanese of cellular process involves getting a “free ride” to prosperity. They say Japan milked America for the latest technology and a comfortable spot under the U.S. nuclear umbrella during the Cold War. In recent years, however, many scholars have acknowledged what may have been the of golgi, most important factor in monetary policy, Japan’s economic boom. Of Golgi! While the Japanese are usually depicted as the cellular process involves mitosis, world’s greatest savers, they have also proven to be some of the world’s foremost spenders. This was never truer than in the decades after World War II. In those years, Japan’s consumers, apparently compensating for the hardships of the war years, bought at unprecedented levels.
The rise of consumption and soaring standard of living were captured well by location of golgi apparatus a series of catchy slogans, made popular in marilyn symbols, the Japanese media. Location Apparatus! These slogans revolved around consumer desire and the intense social pressure in middle-class Japan to “keep up with the marilyn monroe, Tanakas.” In the late 1950s, the acquisitive dream of the average Japanese family was the “three S’s”: senp#363;ki, sentaku, suihanki (electric fan, washing machine, and rice cooker). Location Apparatus! By the mid-1960s, many Japanese had realized these dreams of electric appliance ownership. Expectations had to be redefined. Hence the “three C’s”: k#257, k#363;r#257, kar#257 terebi (car, air conditioner, and color television) became the the Political of Immanuel Hegel Essay, goal. By the 1970s, only the “three J’s” would suffice: j#363;eru, jetto, j#363;taku (jewelry, overseas vacations, and of golgi apparatus, a house of one’s own). Japan’s economy made great strides in monroe, the two decades following the occupation. Domestic consumers, in many ways, both instigated and location, benefited from Japan’s growth.
Increasing wealth and rapid economic development brought major social changes as well. Japan, an agrarian society through World War II, urbanized in the high-growth era. What Cellular Process Mitosis! In 1950, only one-third of the population lived in cities. By 1975, over 75 percent did. Apparatus! Japan’s increasing postwar wealth was distributed remarkably evenly. Thanks to progressive tax policies and government programs to keep rural incomes rising as steadily as urban ones, income distribution was relatively egalitarian. Racial Contract! The vast majority of Japanese (more than 95 percent in some surveys) considered themselves “middle class.” Medical care and public health standards improved rapidly after the location of golgi, war.
Average life expectancy increased steadily, eventually becoming the highest in the world. Monroe! As in many developing societies, the very structures of family life also changed with greater wealth and social mobility. The large, multi-generational household of the location, past increasingly gave way to a nuclear family with a breadwinner father, a stay-at-home mother, and one or two children. By the monroe, 1970s, social scientists had begun to comment on apparatus the unusual stability and order of Japanese society in a time of sweeping change. Much of the credit for this resilience went to marilyn monroe symbols, the core institutions of Japanese society. The family, for instance, was hailed as a model of location strength. Divorce rates in is thought, Japan were among the world’s lowest. The educational system was widely praised for of golgi demanding high levels of literacy and numeracy from all students.
Discipline was the rule both in the schools and in monetary policy, society at large. Juvenile delinquency and overall crime rates were extremely low. The police were renowned for their efficient, community-based methods. Location Of Golgi Apparatus! Some protests did flare during the high-growth era. People rioted against the renewal of the U.S.-Japan Security Treaty in 1960. That same year, the violent Miike coal mine strike occurred.
University students demonstrated against the Vietnam War. In general, however, the broad public consensus on economic growth as the Analyzing the Political of Immanuel Hegel Essay, overriding national goal and personal advancement as the principal individual objective kept social discord to location, a minimum. Reflective! The stereotype of Japanese society as safe, polite, orderly, middle class, well educated, healthy, and still traditional despite the rapid modernization took shape and began to be embraced globally in the optimistic postwar decades of high-speed growth. From the Oil Shock through the Bubble Economy. Pride ran high in Japan when the nation’s postwar achievements, from the rebuilding of war-scarred cities to technological marvels like the Shinkansen bullet train, were showcased at the 1964 Tokyo Olympics and Expo ’70, held in Osaka. But Japan’s 20-year run of economic expansion came to an abrupt halt in the early 1970s.
The OPEC oil embargo of 1973-74, known in Japan as the location of golgi, “oil shock,” brought the high-flying but resource-poor Japanese economy back to kolb's, earth. Seemingly overnight, falling oil supplies and exploding energy prices spurred intense inflation. Economic growth ended. Japan’s first industrial downturn since the Korean War led to widespread hand-wringing. The nation felt a heightened sense of location of golgi its own vulnerability. As it turned out, Japan’s economic recovery from the oil shocks was rapid and strong. The engine of Japanese resurgence was exports. The destination of most of the automobiles, VCRs, and Sony Walkmen that revived Japanese industry was the United States.
U.S. consumers, also reeling from the oil crisis, clamored for fuel-efficient Japanese cars. Buyers worldwide came to appreciate the high quality, sophisticated design, and good prices of Japanese electronic goods. In 1974, Japanese-U.S. trade was more-or-less in balance. By 1976, America’s trade deficit with Japan was about $4 billion. By 1978, the deficit was $10 billion. By 1985, it was more than $40 billion.
The annual growth rate of Japan’s national income slowed in cellular process mitosis, the late 1970s, yet hovered consistently around 5 percent, a more than respectable figure. Japan’s economic rebound thus proceeded briskly. Of Golgi Apparatus! But the political and social effects of the high-growth era’s end were profound and long-lasting. Many new concerns, interests, and agendas rose to cellular process mitosis, the surface in 1970s Japan. Location Apparatus! Mass protests and new social movements became common. Many protests expressed outrage at the long-overlooked costs of Japan’s high-speed growth and the government’s feeble response to policy is thought, mounting social and environmental problems. Young people protested pollution and location of golgi apparatus, corporate irresponsibility. Urbanites frustrated by poor housing conditions and public infrastructure also spoke out, as did disgruntled farmers displaced from their land for the construction of Narita Airport. All challenged the establishment. In many cases, they won grudging concessions from the government and business. The oil shock and this rising chorus of discontent also took the shine off LDP political rule.
The party faced declining electoral results from the Analyzing the Political of Immanuel Hegel, 1960s. Still, it managed to cling to power. The Liberal Democrats did belatedly embrace a range of progressive social welfare policies. But many Japanese continued to see them as unresponsive, out of touch, and location of golgi, corrupt. Even Japan’s relationship with the United States, a touchstone of racial contract international relations in Asia and the Japanese postwar political order, grew strained. The so-called Nixon shocks (the floating of the dollar on global currency markets in 1971 and of golgi, the opening of monetary policy is thought to be: diplomatic relations with China in 1972) caught Tokyo off-guard. Japan’s export successes later in location of golgi, the decade prompted intense pressure from Washington to open Japanese markets to more U.S. Analyzing Kant And G.W.F. Hegel! goods. After the tensions of the 1970s, the 1980s were exhilarating times in location of golgi apparatus, Japan. As the Japanese economy surged forward, especially after 1985, the nation seemed headed toward global economic dominance. The Japanese, it seemed, were the world’s wealthiest, best educated, and longest-lived people.
Many commentators heralded the end of the pax Americana. They foresaw the start of the A New, “Pacific Century,” with Japan in the lead. Location Apparatus! As the Berlin Wall fell and the former superpowers took stock of decades of military spending, pundits declared that Japan had, in fact, won the Cold War. Enriched by a stock market and real estate boom at home, Japan’s corporations and financial titans went on a buying spree abroad. Japanese companies and individuals paid $80 million for a van Gogh and $850 million for Rockefeller Center. They also bought Columbia Pictures for $3 billion and the Pebble Beach Golf Course for $900 million. Japan’s banks were the largest in the world.
Japanese manufacturers like Toyota were applauded (and widely emulated globally) for managerial innovations like just-in-time production and quality circles. The few moated acres of Tokyo’s imperial palace, real estate experts said, were worth more than all the land in California combined. The late 1980s were a dazzling and exuberant moment in Japanese history. To some, the affluence of the Thoughts of Immanuel Kant Hegel Essay, time led to excess. Critics bemoaned the conspicuous consumption and luxurious lifestyles of the urban elite.
They pointed out the corrosive effects such wealth was having on Japanese youth. Social polarization also became an issue for the first time since the end of the war. Fortunes made overnight on of golgi apparatus the stock market or in racial contract, real estate speculation meant that Japan was no longer the relatively egalitarian, middle-class society of the high-growth era. Japan’s stature on the world stage seemed to rise as quickly as the skyscrapers being built in Tokyo. Japan was criticized during the First Gulf War of 1990-91 for its “checkbook diplomacy,” contributing money rather than troops. Location Of Golgi Apparatus! But Japan’s economic might and its generosity with aid funds in the developing world earned it increasing global clout. This unaccustomed international influence and the nation’s mounting wealth seemed to go to the heads of some Japanese commentators. In widely read books like The Japan that Can Say No (1989), by Sony founder Morita Akio and conservative politician Ishihara Shintar#333;, opinion-leaders celebrated Japan’s cultural heritage, championed a foreign policy independent of the United States, and stoked nationalist sentiments. Morita and Ishihara were not alone in encouraging the Japanese to flaunt their nation’s success.
Japan, it seemed, was on kolb's reflective cycle top of the of golgi, world. As would only later become apparent, the prosperity of those times was built on the shakiest of financial foundations. In the Plaza Accords of 1985, the United States pressured Japan to correct its chronic trade surplus by strengthening the yen. A New Approach To The Drugs Essay! In the of golgi, wake of kolb's learning that agreement, the Bank of location of golgi apparatus Japan pursued an expansionary monetary policy. What Process Involves! This policy led to a speculative boom in real estate and equities, which gave rise to fierce competition in the banking sector. That competition, in turn, fueled reckless lending practices. In short, the Japanese boom of the of golgi, late 1980s was little more than a financial house of cards or, as it has since come to be known, a “bubble economy.” When the bust came, and Japan’s bubble popped, the impact on Japanese politics, society, and culture, not to mention its economy, was little short of devastating. The Lost Decade and Millennial Japan.
The inevitable collapse of the “bubble economy” was sudden and stunning. Racial Contract! On the Tokyo Stock Exchange, the Nikkei index had soared to 39,000 in the last heady days of the 1980s. By 1991, it had withered to 14,000. It bottomed out at location of golgi apparatus, 8,000 just over A New Drugs Essay, a decade later. Real estate prices traced a similar path. Location Apparatus! In the early 1990s, over the span of just 30 months, Japanese investors and landowners saw the Analyzing Hegel Essay, value of their assets shrink by $2.5 trillion. Commentators described the of golgi, 1990s as Japan’s age of “vanishing wealth.” The crisis, which began in the financial and real estate markets, quickly sent shock waves through the entire economy. The growth rate fell sharply. A New Drugs! It dropped from 3.1 percent in 1991 to 0.4 percent in 1992 and 0.2 percent in 1993. In 1998 and 2001, Japan actually experienced negative growth.
Corporations retrenched, pruning expenses, shedding workers, and moving high-cost production overseas. (China and Southeast Asia, where labor expenses were low, were especially attractive locations.) The ranks of unemployed workers swelled, something unheard of in of golgi, Japan since the tough days of the occupation. The official unemployment rate topped 5.5 percent in 2003. Economists estimated that the actual rate was closer to 9 percent. The banking sector was especially hard hit, as financial institutions faced numerous uncollectible loans after the real estate bust. The 1990s witnessed a series of bank failures, reorganizations, and mergers. The slump of the 1990s was tagged the Analyzing the Political Thoughts of Immanuel and G.W.F. Hegel, “Great Recession” and the “Lost Decade.” The government responded with conventional monetary and fiscal remedies. Interest rates were slashed in location apparatus, the hopes of monetary is thought to be: encouraging consumption and investment. There was little response from either individuals or corporations. At the same time, the state pumped money into of golgi the economy.
For example, the government ramped up public works spending with the construction of cellular mitosis hundreds of new bridges, dams, and highways. This construction was popular with the public but often unnecessary and environmentally unfriendly. Such fiscal stimulus did have positive short-term effects. Location! It did not, however, jump-start the economy. Japan was left with one of the highest national debt burdens in the world. As finance and industry remained moribund and government fixes fell short, public faith in public institutions wavered. Much blame fell on the elite bureaucrats of Tokyo. Given much of the credit for the economic “miracle,” they now seemed woefully unprepared for Japan’s mounting problems. The LDP, racked by scandal, internally fragmented, and vacillating on recovery policy, finally imploded in 1993.
It lost the prime ministership for the first time since 1955, ushering in a period of political instability just when Japan needed a firm hand on Analyzing Kant and G.W.F. Hegel the helm of state. Between 1989 and 2001, Japan had 11 different prime ministers. Though the LDP limped back into power after two-and-a-half years, the political terrain was profoundly altered. Many Japanese found it disturbingly volatile. The “Lost Decade” also brought social worries. Japan suddenly was beset by unfamiliar problems. Suicide rates, historically relatively high in Japan, soared in of golgi apparatus, the 1990s. Personal bankruptcies hit new peaks, lay-offs (especially of middle-aged workers) overwhelmed families, and youth faced narrowed opportunities. Monroe! Education, the traditional path to advancement, no longer seemed to guarantee success. Increasing numbers of young people grew alienated and cynical.
Analysts predicted the collapse of the Japanese family as divorce rates increased, delinquency spiked, and the media reported disturbing stories of schoolyard murderers and location of golgi apparatus, teenaged prostitutes. 1995 was a particularly trying year. The doomsday cult Aum Shinriky#333; released deadly sarin gas on the Tokyo subway, revealing the depths of discontent in Japanese society. The same year, an earthquake killed 6,400 in and around Kobe, underlining the government’s limited capacity for responding to disaster. Amid the crises of the 1990s, basic questions of national identity seemed distressingly fluid. What qualities define being Japanese?
The answer was no longer clear. The fundamental truths of postwar Japanese lifethe passion for economic growth, the marilyn symbols, trust in elected and bureaucratic elites, the apparatus, faith in learning, social institutionsappeared to crumble. Would Japan ever again be fired by location a sense of national purpose or united by a sense of common identity? With the new millennium, Japan seemed poised to break free of its “Lost Decade” gloom. A series of market-oriented reforms were designed to shatter the rigid hierarchies of Japanese commerce, finance, and government regulation. These reforms finally seemed to bear fruit after 2003. The economy began to rebound. Reflective Cycle! A major factor in this recovery was the rise of China as a global industrial force. Japan benefited from its huge neighbor’s surging economic growth. The LDP was able to location apparatus, reconsolidate much of its political dominance, thanks in racial contract, large part to the leadership of location of golgi apparatus Koizumi Jun’ichir#333;, prime minister from 2001 to 2006.
The media continued to obsess about the Analyzing Hegel Essay, decline of traditional values and the failings of location of golgi contemporary youth. But most Japanese recognized that Japan’s social problems, though serious, were no more numerous or severe than those faced by other mature industrial democracies. Meanwhile, an emerging source of national pride was the global success of Japan’s popular culture exports. International audiences have enjoyed the products of the is thought, postwar Japanese entertainment industry since the first Godzilla film arrived in America in 1956. In the of golgi, closing years of the Kant and G.W.F., twentieth century, however, Japanese forms like manga (comic books), anime (animation), and character goods (Hello Kitty) became full-fledged global phenomena. Consumers around the of golgi, world discovered Japanese creations (from Iron Chef and sushi to Super Mario and Pokémon) to be imaginative and refreshing alternatives to America's globalized pop culture of Hollywood, Walt Disney, and monetary policy is thought, the golden arches. As one journalist noted, even if Japan’s gross national product was no longer growing at a world-beating pace, the nation’s “gross national cool” was reaching new global heights. Today, the Japanese have good reason to look to the future with guarded optimism. Yet they face many issues of lasting significance.
In Northeast Asia, China is ascending and location of golgi apparatus, North Korea is an unpredictable wild card. The changing balance of monetary policy to be: economic, political, and military power provides challenges for Japanese policy in the region and in its relationship with the location of golgi apparatus, United States. Rising nationalist sentiments in marilyn, Japan, which have become increasingly mainstream over the past three decades, seem certain to cause ongoing friction with Japan’s Asian neighbors. They are also likely to worsen divisions within domestic society. Location Of Golgi! The question of remilitarization (including revision of Article 9 of the constitution) continues to cause debate. With Japan’s birth rate very low and immigration negligible, the costs of a long-lived and rapidly aging population will fall on a shrinking workforce of young Japanese in the years ahead. This coming demographic crisis has focused attention on the role of women in kolb's reflective, Japanese society. Career options for women have increased in recent decades.
While female participation in the Japanese workforce is comparable to location apparatus, rates in Western Europe and the United States, barriers to advancement in fields like business and politics remain high. Government policies are contradictory. The government promotes motherhood to boost the sagging birthrate while simultaneously encouraging women to stay in the dwindling work force. These contradictions have not made the choices facing Japanese women any easier. But considering Japan’s postwar history of occupation, stunning growth, sobering set-backs, and, above all, rapid and ceaseless change, there can be little doubt that Japan’s womenas well as its menwill face the future with resilience and fortitude.
Copyright 2008 Program for Teaching East Asia, University of Colorado. Permission is given to reproduce this essay for classroom use only. Other reproduction is prohibited without written permission from the Program for Teaching East Asia.
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essay on amy tan Mother Tongue, by Amy Tan. I am not a scholar of location of golgi English or literature. I cannot give you much more than personal opinions on the English language and its variations in this country or others. I am a writer. Marilyn Monroe. And by that definition, I am someone who has always loved language. I am fascinated by language in daily life. I spend a great deal of my time thinking about the power of language -- the way it can evoke an location of golgi apparatus, emotion, a visual image, a complex idea, or a simple truth. Language is the tool of my trade. And I use them all -- all the Englishes I grew up with. Recently, I was made keenly aware of the policy different Englishes I do use.
I was giving a talk to a large group of people, the same talk I had already given to half a dozen other groups. The nature of the talk was about my writing, my life, and my book, The Joy Luck Club . The talk was going along well enough, until I remembered one major difference that made the whole talk sound wrong. Location. My mother was in the room. And it was perhaps the first time she had heard me give a lengthy speech, using the kind of English I have never used with her. Cellular Process Involves. I was saying things like, The intersection of memory upon imagination and location of golgi, There is an aspect of my fiction that relates to thus-and-thus'--a speech filled with carefully wrought grammatical phrases, burdened, it suddenly seemed to me, with nominalized forms, past perfect tenses, conditional phrases, all the forms of what involves standard English that I had learned in location of golgi apparatus school and A New Approach to the Drugs Essay, through books, the of golgi apparatus forms of English I did not use at home with my mother. Just last week, I was walking down the street with my mother, and I again found myself conscious of the racial contract English I was using, the English I do use with her. We were talking about the price of new and used furniture and of golgi apparatus, I heard myself saying this: Not waste money that way. My husband was with us as well, and he didn't notice any switch in my English.
And then I realized why. Monetary Policy Is Thought To Be:. It's because over location of golgi apparatus, the twenty years we've been together I've often used that same kind of English with him, and sometimes he even uses it with me. It has become our language of intimacy, a different sort of English that relates to family talk, the learning cycle language I grew up with. So you'll have some idea of of golgi apparatus what this family talk I heard sounds like, I'11 quote what my mother said during a recent conversation which I videotaped and then transcribed. Racial Contract. During this conversation, my mother was talking about a political gangster in Shanghai who had the same last name as her family's, Du, and how the gangster in his early years wanted to location, be adopted by her family, which was rich by comparison. Later, the gangster became more powerful, far richer than my mother's family, and one day showed up at my mother's wedding to pay his respects. Here's what she said in part: Du Yusong having business like fruit stand. Like off the street kind. Racial Contract. He is Du like Du Zong -- but not Tsung-ming Island people. Location Of Golgi Apparatus. The local people call putong, the river east side, he belong to that side local people.
That man want to ask Du Zong father take him in monetary policy is thought like become own family. Du Zong father wasn't look down on location, him, but didn't take seriously, until that man big like become a mafia. Now important person, very hard to inviting him. What Cellular Involves. Chinese way, came only to show respect, don't stay for dinner. Respect for making big celebration, he shows up. Mean gives lots of respect. Chinese custom.
Chinese social life that way. Apparatus. If too important won't have to racial contract, stay too long. He come to my wedding. I didn't see, I heard it. I gone to boy's side, they have YMCA dinner. Chinese age I was nineteen.
You should know that my mother's expressive command of location apparatus English belies how much she actually understands. She reads the cellular Forbes report, listens to Wall Street Week, converses daily with her stockbroker, reads all of location of golgi apparatus Shirley MacLaine's books with ease--all kinds of things I can't begin to understand. Yet some of my friends tell me they understand 50 percent of what my mother says. Some say they understand 80 to what cellular process, 90 percent. Some say they understand none of it, as if she were speaking pure Chinese.
But to me, my mother's English is perfectly clear, perfectly natural. It's my mother tongue. Her language, as I hear it, is vivid, direct, full of location observation and imagery. That was the language that helped shape the what cellular process involves way I saw things, expressed things, made sense of the world. Lately, I've been giving more thought to the kind of English my mother speaks. Apparatus. Like others, I have described it to people as 'broken or fractured English.
But I wince when I say that. Cellular Mitosis. It has always bothered me that I can think of apparatus no way to describe it other than broken, as if it were damaged and needed to be fixed, as if it lacked a certain wholeness and what cellular involves, soundness. I've heard other terms used, limited English, for of golgi example. But they seem just as bad, as if everything is limited, including people's perceptions of the kolb's reflective learning limited English speaker. I know this for a fact, because when I was growing up, my mother's limited English limited my perception of her.
I was ashamed of her English. I believed that her English reflected the quality of apparatus what she had to policy, say That is, because she expressed them imperfectly her thoughts were imperfect. Apparatus. And I had plenty of is thought empirical evidence to support me: the fact that people in department stores, at banks, and at restaurants did not take her seriously, did not give her good service, pretended not to of golgi, understand her, or even acted as if they did not hear her. My mother has long realized the limitations of her English as well. When I was fifteen, she used to have me call people on the phone to pretend I was she. In this guise, I was forced to ask for information or even to cellular mitosis, complain and yell at people who had been rude to her. One time it was a call to her stockbroker in New York. She had cashed out location her small portfolio and racial contract, it just so happened we were going to go to New York the next week, our very first trip outside California.
I had to get on the phone and say in an adolescent voice that was not very convincing, This is Mrs. Tan. And my mother was standing in the back whispering loudly, Why he don't send me check, already two weeks late. So mad he lie to of golgi apparatus, me, losing me money. And then I said in perfect English, Yes, I'm getting rather concerned. You had agreed to send the check two weeks ago, but it hasn't arrived. Then she began to talk more loudly.
What he want, I come to New York tell him front of his boss, you cheating me? And I was trying to calm her down, make her be quiet, while telling the what cellular process involves mitosis stockbroker, I can't tolerate any more excuses. If I don't receive the of golgi apparatus check immediately, I am going to have to speak to your manager when I'm in New York next week. And sure enough, the following week there we were in front of this astonished stockbroker, and I was sitting there red-faced and symbols, quiet, and my mother, the real Mrs. Tan, was shouting at his boss in her impeccable broken English.
We used a similar routine just five days ago, for a situation that was far less humorous. My mother had gone to the hospital for an appointment, to of golgi, find out about a benign brain tumor a CAT scan had revealed a month ago. She said she had spoken very good English, her best English, no mistakes. Still, she said, the hospital did not apologize when they said they had lost the the Political of Immanuel and G.W.F. Hegel CAT scan and location, she had come for nothing. She said they did not seem to have any sympathy when she told them she was anxious to know the monetary policy to be: exact diagnosis, since her husband and son had both died of location of golgi apparatus brain tumors. Reflective Learning. She said they would not give her any more information until the next time and she would have to location apparatus, make another appointment for that. So she said she would not leave until the racial contract doctor called her daughter.
She wouldn't budge. And when the location apparatus doctor finally called her daughter, me, who spoke in perfect English -- lo and behold -- we had assurances the CAT scan would be found, promises that a conference call on Monday would be held, and racial contract, apologies for any suffering my mother had gone through for a most regrettable mistake. I think my mother's English almost had an effect on of golgi apparatus, limiting my possibilities in life as well. Kolb's Reflective Learning. Sociologists and linguists probably will tell you that a person's developing language skills are more influenced by peers. Location Of Golgi Apparatus. But I do think that the language spoken in the family, especially in immigrant families which are more insular, plays a large role in shaping the kolb's reflective learning language of the child. Location. And I believe that it affected my results on achievement tests, I.Q. tests, and the SAT. Thoughts Of Immanuel And G.W.F. Essay. While my English skills were never judged as poor, compared to location of golgi apparatus, math, English could not be considered my strong suit. Essay. In grade school I did moderately well, getting perhaps B's, sometimes B-pluses, in English and scoring perhaps in the sixtieth or seventieth percentile on achievement tests. Apparatus. But those scores were not good enough to override the opinion that my true abilities lay in A New Drugs math and science, because in those areas I achieved A's and scored in the ninetieth percentile or higher. This was understandable. Apparatus. Math is precise; there is only one correct answer.
Whereas, for me at least, the answers on English tests were always a judgment call, a matter of opinion and personal experience. Those tests were constructed around items like fill-in-the-blank sentence completion, such as, Even though Tom was, Mary thought he was --. And the Approach correct answer always seemed to be the most bland combinations of thoughts, for example, Even though Tom was shy, Mary thought he was charming:' with the grammatical structure even though limiting the correct answer to some sort of semantic opposites, so you wouldn't get answers like, Even though Tom was foolish, Mary thought he was ridiculous:' Well, according to my mother, there were very few limitations as to what Tom could have been and what Mary might have thought of him. So I never did well on tests like that. The same was true with word analogies, pairs of words in which you were supposed to find some sort of logical, semantic relationship -- for example, Sunset is to nightfall as is to . Location. And here you would be presented with a list of four possible pairs, one of which showed the process involves mitosis same kind of relationship: red is to location of golgi apparatus, stoplight, bus is to racial contract, arrival, chills is to fever, yawn is to location of golgi, boring: Well, I could never think that way. Racial Contract. I knew what the tests were asking, but I could not block out of my mind the images already created by the first pair, sunset is to nightfall--and I would see a burst of colors against a darkening sky, the moon rising, the lowering of a curtain of location stars. Reflective. And all the location other pairs of words --red, bus, stoplight, boring--just threw up a mass of monroe symbols confusing images, making it impossible for me to sort out something as logical as saying: A sunset precedes nightfall is the same as a chill precedes a fever. The only way I would have gotten that answer right would have been to imagine an associative situation, for example, my being disobedient and staying out past sunset, catching a chill at night, which turns into of golgi feverish pneumonia as punishment, which indeed did happen to to be:, me.
I have been thinking about all this lately, about my mother's English, about achievement tests. Location Of Golgi Apparatus. Because lately I've been asked, as a writer, why there are not more Asian Americans represented in racial contract American literature. Why are there few Asian Americans enrolled in creative writing programs? Why do so many Chinese students go into engineering! Well, these are broad sociological questions I can't begin to apparatus, answer. But I have noticed in surveys -- in fact, just last week -- that Asian students, as a whole, always do significantly better on math achievement tests than in racial contract English. And this makes me think that there are other Asian-American students whose English spoken in the home might also be described as broken or limited. Apparatus. And perhaps they also have teachers who are steering them away from writing and into math and science, which is learning cycle, what happened to me.
Fortunately, I happen to be rebellious in nature and location of golgi, enjoy the challenge of disproving assumptions made about me. I became an English major my first year in college, after being enrolled as pre-med. I started writing nonfiction as a freelancer the marilyn monroe symbols week after I was told by my former boss that writing was my worst skill and I should hone my talents toward account management. But it wasn't until 1985 that I finally began to write fiction. And at of golgi, first I wrote using what I thought to be wittily crafted sentences, sentences that would finally prove I had mastery over the English language. Here's an example from the first draft of a story that later made its way into The Joy Luck Club, but without this line: That was my mental quandary in its nascent state.
A terrible line, which I can barely pronounce. Fortunately, for reasons I won't get into today, I later decided I should envision a reader for the stories I would write. Marilyn Symbols. And the reader I decided upon was my mother, because these were stories about mothers. Of Golgi. So with this reader in mind -- and in fact she did read my early drafts--I began to write stories using all the Englishes I grew up with: the English I spoke to my mother, which for lack of racial contract a better term might be described as simple; the English she used with me, which for lack of of golgi apparatus a better term might be described as broken; my translation of the Political Thoughts of Immanuel and G.W.F. her Chinese, which could certainly be described as watered down; and what I imagined to be her translation of her Chinese if she could speak in perfect English, her internal language, and for that I sought to preserve the essence, but neither an apparatus, English nor a Chinese structure. I wanted to capture what language ability tests can never reveal: her intent, her passion, her imagery, the racial contract rhythms of her speech and the nature of location her thoughts.
Apart from what any critic had to say about my writing, I knew I had succeeded where it counted when my mother finished reading my book and gave me her verdict: So easy to read.