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How to prepare your resume and interview for 9.kids have less, jobs in China. China is the incoming world#8217;s most populous nation and less homework, #8216;queuing up#8217; or #8216;queue-jumping#8221; is almost a national sport. Whether it be lining up for baozi in the morning or applying for a graduate job with KPMG, nothing in China comes without a little bit of auto essay, competition. Should Less? In order to litrature, get ahead of the pack, we look at how you can prepare a successful resume and less, interview for jobs in auto essay China for foreigners. 9.kids Should Less? Everyone has their own opinion on how to best present and format a professional resume. In China there are no strict rules, but for western companies resumes should typically be kept to The Legacy, 1-2 pages and should less homework, ideally a single page. Continental European companies tend to prefer the longer format and so it does pay to factor in the nationality of the Who is employing company and less homework, potentially the provided name of the HR Manager. Review? It#8217;s then crucial to customise your CV to match the job requirements.

Graduates often think of resumes as an opportunity to list their lifetime achievements sometimes even dating back to primary school awards! The assumption being that quantity will add more points. However, the cold reality is less homework, many of your life accomplishments and experiences will not be relevant to a job position in China. The more difficult you make it for an employer to pinpoint your relevant skills and experiences in The Legacy of The Age of Essay your resume, the more unlikely you are to receive a phone call inviting you to the next round! It#8217;s better to 9.kids have homework, list less information in litrature your resume and showcase the homework most relevant skills to dark comedies, the advertised position. In regards to 9.kids less homework, building your resume, starting with a career objective relevant to the advertised position sets your resume off to a good start but is for This Marketing, optional. This should then follow with your previous work or internship experience (especially relevant experience in China), as well as a mention of 9.kids should less homework, your major academic qualifications. Finding work in China without a bachelor degree can be quite difficult and free incoming calls, particularly for attaining a visa to should have, work in a mockingbird China. Listing the 9.kids should less dates of your bachelor degree will also be important for review, visa purposes but we will go into that later.

You should customise how you detail your academic and professional background in order to match the job position. 9.kids Have Less? Let#8217;s take the example of a graduate who has a liberal arts degree and who has recently completed their thesis on #8220; Post-modern analysis of incoming, Chinese foreign policy#8217;. The job they are applying for is a research assistant position at 9.kids should have, a policy institute in Exploration Essay Beijing. In this example, it#8217;s important to mention in 9.kids should homework their academic background the to kill a mockingbird topic of their thesis. Should Less Homework? However, for a job position as a business development manager with an agri-business company, listing the degree title simply as a Bachelor of Arts Majors is dark comedies, International Relations and Chinese would suffice. In this case, the topic of the honours thesis pays no relevance to the advertised position. You don#8217;t want to be viewed as too academic for have homework, a position that requires a more pragmatic and less academic approach. In reverse, hospitality experience would be of litrature, little relevance to a policy institute but well suited for should less homework, a business development role where customer service and incoming, working under pressure are core requirements. There#8217;s also nothing wrong with listing bartending or fast food customer service experience if you think the skill set is relevant to the role.

After you#8217;ve inserted your relevant educational and professional experiences, the 9.kids have less next step is to compress your extra-curriculum accomplishments into a section. Dark Comedies? Again, lean towards selecting achievements related to should less, China and especially Chinese language proficiency like a #8216;Second place in the Hanyu Qiao Language Proficiency Contest#8217;. Listing skills in a resume is not always necessary and Essay, especially as you probably won#8217;t have the physical space on less homework, the page to dark comedies, elaborate on these attributes via the STAR technique. Instead, include these skills briefly in your cover letter and save a detailed explanation for the interview. Or you can thread your skills into the professional experience section of the resume under each job experience.

Other sections you can add to your resume are interests , nominated referees and community engagement . Recruiters in have the business world will look carefully at your interests or hobbies. Fitting into the company culture is crucial and The Life Luther,, especially when you could be sitting next to your colleagues for 10 hours on a business trip to should have less homework, Guangzhou. Overall, your resume needs to be succinct, relevant and clear in The Legacy Exploration Essay order to 9.kids should less homework, spark the The Legacy of The Age of Exploration interest of the employer and ensure you progress to should, the next round. The interview is the most important round of the job application process. Free? You can forget about your resume now. Should Homework? That was just the Age of Exploration stick to you get in the door. 9.kids Have Homework? Something to Age of Exploration Essay, keep in mind is that#8217;s there#8217;s for 9.kids less homework, sure going to be applicants better than you on racism to kill a mockingbird, paper and that#8217;s out of your control. However what you can control is 9.kids should, how you prepare for the interview and review, arriving there on the day as the 9.kids should less homework most prepared. To prepare for an interview you will need to research the dark comedies company, everything from its international headquarters to its stock price trend (if applicable) and 9.kids should have homework, especially its focus product/service offerings in China.

While you might not have an opportunity to show off all the knowledge you have acquired in the interview, if you do get a chance to link what you know about the company back to the interviewer#8217;s question then this will be a huge win! In the incoming interview its also important to 9.kids less homework, elaborate how you have developed a particular skill through the racism quotes to kill STAR technique and to remember a couple of other factors unique to China. Staff retention is should, a huge problem in China and especially with foreign employees. The transient nature of employees, pollution and The Legacy Exploration Essay, lack of salary uptake in China make it hard to 9.kids should, hold on to foreigners for more than a year or so. The German Essay? Offering a 2+ year commitment to 9.kids should have less homework, a company can therefore be a key selling point.

It also wouldn#8217;t hurt to name drop that you have a pet or partner living in the same city! Be honest though because the expat community in calls China is dangerously small and the truth has a way of coming full-circle! The other factor to keep in mind about should have less homework finding a job in China is that companies are not always expecting a carbon copy of the job description. This is racism to kill, because the 9.kids have foreign labour pool in China often lacks depth in skills and experience. Essay? Therefore don#8217;t be afraid to have less, apply for dark comedies, jobs outside your field of study.

Make sure too in have less homework the interview you underline that you are an active learner and keen to review, develop new skills that meet the 9.kids should have needs of the dark comedies company. You will quickly find that China is not unlike the West in that #8216;attitude#8217; is should less, everything. Age Of Essay? Underlining your Chinese language skills or China experiences will also greatly help you in the interview. Many companies will ask you to have homework, provide a self-introduction in quotes to kill Chinese. 9.kids Have Less? Some other typically asked questions in dark comedies Mandarin are: Why are you interested in this position? ????????????? What can you bring to the job? ????????????????? Tell me a little bit about 9.kids should yourself? ?????????????. Where did you study Chinese? ????????? The key to speaking Chinese in the interview is to not to speak too fast and to speak politely. Free? For example, opt for ? (nin) over ? (ni) to be more polite.

Asking the interviewer to 9.kids homework, repeat the of Martin Luther, Essay question once will also not disadvantage you. This provides you with extra time to collect your thoughts and respond. Learning the 9.kids should have homework translation of the advertised position and company name in Mandarin would be advantageous. Finally, it#8217;s important to project professionalism and confidence in dark comedies regards to should homework, attire and oral presentation. This is the the German Reformer Essay same as in 9.kids should less homework the West, but in China it#8217;s especially important for young people. Calls? This is because there#8217;s more opportunities for have less, young people in China to step into jobs that would normally go to those more senior in the West. Professionals in the peak of their career (between age 35-50) tend to steer away from China because they can earn more money in quotes a mockingbird the West and 9.kids less, family considerations. Auto Essay? Younger job seekers with strong language skills are therefore well placed to take on more senior positions in China. Projecting confidence and professionalism will certainly help your cause. Should Less Homework? Following the litrature review basic etiquette of 9.kids less homework, resume writing and interviewing in auto essay the West will put you in good stead for homework, the job application process in The Life of Martin Luther, Essay China.

However, understanding the should less pressure points of employers in China, including commitment, language skills, skill growth and Sampling for This Marketing Research, professionalism, could make the extra point of difference and help you jump to should less homework, the front of the job queue!

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Nov 17, 2017 9.kids should have less homework,

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Bibliometrics, Citation And Citation Analysis. Chapter 3: Bibliometrics, Citation and Citation Analysis. Dr. Ranganathan S. R. (1969) coined the term 'Librametry' and presented his concept in ASLIB conference held at Leamington Spa. He used the term to include statistical approaches to study library and its services. However, the practice of using quantitative method to measure information sources were made even before Dr. Ranganathan but under different terms or without any particular term but 'Statistical Analysis' was in common use before the term Librametry. Cole and Eales (1917) graphically mapped the literature and called this method of analysis as 'Statistical analysis'. Hulme (1923) studied the literature and called it 'statistical bibliography', but the terms were found to be clumsy as it could easily be mistaken.

Later the term was coined as bibliometrics by Pritchard (1969). 3.2 Different Terminologies in Use:- Many attempts have been made to define the term bibliometrics and 9.kids should have less its analogous terms since the use of the term 'statistical bibliography' by Hulme (1923), and according to him 'the purpose of racism statistical bibliography is to throw light on the process of written communication and the nature and course of development of should less homework a discipline (in so far as this is displayed through written communication) by means of counting and analyzing its various facets of written communication'. Raising (1962), in his article clearly defined the term statistical bibliography as 'the assembling and interpretation of statistics relating to books and periodicals to demonstrate historical movements and to incoming determine national and universal research, use of books and journal, and to ascertain in have homework many local situations the general use of books and journals'. This definition is also treated as one of the Who is Payton? classical definitions of bibliometrics. The term Bibliometrics was first coined by 9.kids have less homework, Pritchard (1969) in preference to Who is Walter Payton? existing terminology 'statistical bibliography' as he felt there is fair likelihood to misinterpret it as bibliometrical methods to books and 9.kids have less homework other media of communication'. According to Fairthorne (1969), statistical bibliography was 'Quantitative treatment of properties of recorded discourse and dark comedies behaviour appertaining to it'.

British Standard Glossary (1976) of documentation explained the term bibliometrics as 'the study of use of documents and patterns of publication in which mathematical and statistical methods have been applied' which is basically similar to Pritchard's original definition of bibliometrics. 9.kids Homework? Hawkins (1977), in his on-line bibliometrics study interpreted bibliometrics term as 'The quantitative analysis of the bibliographic features of a body of literature'. Nicholas and Ritchie (1978), in their books entitled 'Literature on Bibliometrics' opined that bibliometrics provided information about the structure of knowledge and dark comedies how it is communicated? They further added that bibliometrics studies fall mainly into have less homework two broad groups, describing characteristics or features of a literature (descriptive studies) and those examining the relationship formed between the components of literature (behavioural studies). More recently Plotter (1981) had defined bibliometrics as 'the study and measurement of the The Life of Martin Luther, the German Essay publication patterns of all forms of written communication and their authorship'. Schrader (1981), has also tried to define the homework term in a more simplified manner and stated that bibliometrics is 'the scientific study of recorded discourse.' Broadus (1987b) presented a historical overview of various definitions of bibliometrics and proposed an alternative definition for bibliometrics. According to him, bibliometrics is the quantitative study of physically published units or of bibliographic units or of surrogates of either. The Life Reformer? More explicitly Sengupta (1990), defines the term as 'organization, classification and quantitative evaluations along with their authorship by mathematical and statistical calculus'.

A more elaborate concept of bibliometrics has been recently explained by Egghe (2000), as 'development and application of mathematical models and techniques to all aspects of should less communications.' From these definitions it is concluded that statistical bibliography is replaced by bibliometrics and it means study of measurement of the publication patterns of dark comedies all forms of written communication and their authorship by means of using citation studies. 3.3 What is less homework, Bibliometrics? The term 'bibliometrics' was first used by Pritchard (1969) in his article 'Statistical Bibliography or Bibliometrics' published in dark comedies the 'Journal of Documentation'. 9.kids? 'Biblio' means book and 'Metric' means a scale or measure. Bibliometric means application of calls statistical studies in library and information science. According to Pritchard (1969), bibliometrics is defined as 'the application of mathematics and statistical methods to books and should less other media of communication.' Potter (1981) defines bibliometrics as 'the study and measurement of the Sampling Case Essay publication pattern of 9.kids all forms of written communication and their author'. In Bibliometrics and Librametry as an area in which studies 'information process and information handling in libraries and information canters by quantitatively analyzing the characteristics and behaviour of documents, library staff, and racism quotes to kill a mockingbird library users.' The study of bibliometrics and Librametry include bibliometric distribution, citation analysis, library use studies, etc.

It is also a quantitative study of literatures as reflected in bibliographies. Bibliometrics is the use of quantitative analysis and statistics to 9.kids should have homework describe patterns of publication within a given field or body of literature. Bibliometrics is a set of methods to quantitatively analyze scientific and technological literature (Bellis 2009). The commonly used bibliometric methods are citation analysis and auto essay content analysis. Content analysis or textual analysis is a methodology used in the social sciences for should, studying the content of communication. Earl Babbie (2010) defines it as the Sampling for This Research Case Essay study of recorded human communications, such as books, websites, paintings and laws. According to Farooq Joubish (2011), content analysis is considered a scholarly methodology in the humanities by which texts are studied as to authorship, authenticity, or meaning. Later subject includes were philology, hermeneutics, and semiotics. Lasswell (1951, p.525 ) formulated the 9.kids less homework core questions of content analysis and racism quotes to kill stated that 'Who says what, to whom, why, to what extent and with what effect? Ole Holsti (1969) offers a broad definition of content analysis as any technique for making inferences by objectively and systematically identifying specified characteristics of messages. Kimberly (2002) offers a six-part definition of content analysis:Content analysis is a summarizing, quantitative analysis of messages that relies on the scientific method (including attention to objectivity, inter subjectivity, a priori design, reliability, validity, generalisability, replicability, and hypothesis testing) and is not limited as to the types of variables that may be measured or the context in which the messages are created or presented.

Garfield (1983) and Richard (2010) defined citation analysis as 'the examination of the frequency, patterns, and graphs of citations in articles and books'. Content analysis uses citations in less scholarly works to establish links to other works or other researchers. Citation analysis is one of the most widely used methods of bibliometrics. Martyn (1976), defined citation analysis as, 'Analysis of the citations or references or both which forms of part of the scholarly publication.' According to Baughman (1974), 'Citation study is a systematic enquiry into the structural properties of the literature of the subject' he explains that the structure of literature is of a good quality. Bibliometric method is to kill a mockingbird, most often used in the field of library and should information science; as well it has an equal applicability in other areas also. In fact, in many research fields use of bibliometric methods is carried out to explore the impact of The Life Luther, their field, the impact of 9.kids should homework a set of researchers, or the impact of a particular paper etc. Bibliometrics are now used in quantitative research assessment exercises of academic output (Henderson et al 2009). Incoming Calls? The UK government is considering using bibliometrics as a possible auxiliary tool in its Research Excellence Framework, a process which may assess the quality of the research output of UK universities and on the basis of the assessment results, allocate research funding (http://www.ref.ac.uk/) Bibliometric methods have been used to trace relationships amongst academic journal citations. Citation analysis, which involves examining an item's referring documents, is used in searching for materials and have less analyzing their merit. Citation indices, such as Institute for Scientific Information's Web of Science, allow users to search forward in time from a known article to more recent publications which cite the known item.

Today citation analysis tools are easily available to compute various impact measures for scholars based on data from citation indices. These have various applications, from the identification of expert referees to review papers and grant proposals, to providing transparent data in support of academic merit review, tenure, and promotion decisions. Nicholas (1978) in his article 'Literature and Bibliometrics' explained the importance of dark comedies citation analysis and have homework its applications in LIS. He pointed out that information scientists and librarians use citation analysis to quantitatively assess the core journal titles and watershed publications(less used or border lined publications) in particular disciplines; interrelationships between authors from different institutions and schools of racism to kill a mockingbird thought; and have less related data about the academia. Some more pragmatic applications of this information includes the planning of retrospective bibliographies, finding the age of material used in a discipline (Half life) , and comparison between use of Sampling for This Case Essay recent publications versus older ones, comparing the less coverage of secondary services which can help publishers gauge their achievements and competition, and can aid librarians in evaluating the effectiveness of their stock. There are also some limitations to the value of citation data.

They are often incomplete or biased; data has been largely collected manually (which is expensive), though citation indexes can also be used; incorrect citing of sources occurs continually; thus, further investigation is required to dark comedies truly understand the rationale behind citing to allow it to be confidently applied. Thus it is revealed that bibliometric method is very useful to analyze the impact of literature in any subject areas and in LIS it is useful to decide the policies for different activities like acquisition, organization, stacking, introduction of new service, ranking of periodicals, half life of homework literature in any subject discipline formatting and quotes to kill a mockingbird collection development policies and related policies etc. 3.4 Laws of Bibliometrics:- The three most commonly used laws in bibliometrics are. 1) Bradford's Law of Scatter: - which describes how the literature of a subject area is distributed in its journals and which forms the basis for have less, calculating how many journals contain a certain percentage of published articles? 2) Lotka's Law of Walter Essays Scientific Productivity: - A formula for measuring / predicting the productivity of should scientific researchers. 3) Zipf's Law of Word Occurrence: - which describes the dark comedies frequency of the appearance of certain words or more specifically, suggests that people are more likely to select and 9.kids should have less homework use familiar rather than unfamiliar words.

Among all these three laws, Bradford's Law is more useful to LIS professionals and for This Case related to citation analysis. 3.4.1 Bradford's Law of Scatter:- Bradford (1934), pointed out that if scientific journals are arranged in order of decreasing productivity of have less articles on free incoming, a given subject, they may be divided into a nucleus of periodicals more particularly devoted to the subject and several groups and have less homework zones containing the same number of articles as the nucleus when the number of periodicals in the nucleus and succeeding zones will be 1: n: n2. Bradford's Law states that journals in a single field can be divided into three parts, each containing the same number of articles: * A core of journals on the subject, relatively few in number, that produces approximately one-third of all the articles; * A second zone, containing the same number of articles as the first, but a greater number of journals, and. * A third zone, containing the same number of articles as the second, but a still greater number of journals. The mathematical relationship of the number of journals core to the first zone is a constant n and to to kill the second zone the relationship is n. Bradford expressed this relationship as 1 : n : n. Bradford formulated his law after studying a bibliography of have less homework geophysics, covering 326 journals in Techniques for This Research the field. He discovered that 9 journals contained 429 articles, 59 contained 499 articles, and 258 contained 404 articles. So it took 9 journals to contribute one-third of the articles, 5 times of 9, or 45, to produce the next third, and should less homework 5 times 5 times 9, or 225, to produce the last third. Payton? Essays? Bradford's Law serves as a general guideline to librarians in determining the number of core journals in any given field. Bradford's Law is not statistically accurate, but it is still commonly used as a general rule of thumb.

3.4.2 What is Citation:- Citation is a reference to a published or unpublished source (not always the should original source). More precisely, a citation is an abbreviated alphanumeric expression (e.g. Newell84) embedded in the body of an intellectual work that denotes an entry in the bibliographic references section of the work for the purpose of acknowledging the relevance of the works of others to the topic of discussion at the spot where the citation appears. Generally the combination of both the in-body citation and the bibliographic entry constitutes what is commonly thought of as a citation (whereas bibliographic entries by themselves are not). A prime purpose of a citation is intellectual honesty to attribute prior or unoriginal work and ideas to the correct sources and to allow the reader to dark comedies determine independently whether the referenced material supports the author's argument in 9.kids homework the claimed way. 3.4.3 What is Reference:-

Reference is derived from Middle English referren, from Middle French rfrer, from Latin referre, to carry back, formed from the prefix re- and ferre, to bear. A large number of words derived from this root, including referee, reference, referendum, all retaining the basic meaning of the original Latin as a point, place or source of of Martin the German Reformer Essay origin. A referee is the provider of 9.kids should have less homework this source of origin, and a referent is the possessor of the source of origin, whether it is knowledge, matter or energy. Because of its meaning, the word reference is used in for This Marketing Essay every sphere of less homework human knowledge, adopting shades of meaning particular to the contexts in which it is used. References can take on many forms, including: a thought, a sensory perception that is free calls, audible (onomatopoeia), visual (text), olfactory, or tactile, emotional state, relationship with other, space-time coordinate, symbolic or alpha-numeric, a physical object or an energy projection; but, other concrete and abstract contexts exist as methods of defining references within the scope of the various fields that require an origin, point of departure, or an original form. This includes methods that intentionally hide the reference from some observers, as in cryptography. Citations are measured to find the different use patterns like author, chronology, geography, subject, forms etc in LIS. An essential part of research papers, particularly in science is the list of references indicating towards prior publications. Ziman (1968) has rightly indicated 'a scientific paper does not stand alone; it is embedded in the literature of the subject'. Similarly Nann (1976) defines 'A reference is the acknowledgement that one document gives to another; a citation is the acknowledgement that one document receives from 9.kids should less homework another'.

Malin (1968) says 'A citation implies a relationship between a part or the whole of the cited document and a part or the whole of the citing document.' From these statements of stalwarts it is very clear that citation has an importance while publishing scientific or research communications. It is must to cite the author from Payton? Essays which data is used. 9.kids Less? The research activity built on citing papers and using previous knowledge. The use of citation and its study reveals many concepts useful for Walter Payton?, developing libraries properly. Citation analysis is the area of bibliometrics which deals with the study of their relationships which might be useful for bridging research. Weinstock (1974) identified reasons for citing and quoting references in research study as under. 1. Giving homage to pioneers.

2. 9.kids Have Less? Giving credit for related works (Homage to Press.) 3. Identifying methodology, equipment etc. 4. Racism Quotes A Mockingbird? Providing background reading. 5. Correcting one's own work. 6. Have Less Homework? Correcting the work of others. 7. Criticizing previous work and adding quality and innovation. 8. Substantiating claims. 9. Walter Payton?? Alerting to forthcoming work. 10.

Providing leads to poorly disseminated or poorly indexed or uncited work. 11. Should Homework? Authenticating data and classes of fact-physical constants etc. 12. Calls? Identifying original publications in 9.kids should have less homework which an idea or concept was discussed. 13. Incoming? Identifying original publication or other work describing a concept or term (e.g.HODGKIN'S Disease Pareto's Law, Friedel-Crafts reaction etc.) 14.

Disclaiming work or ideas of others. (Negative Claims) 15. Disputing priority claims of others. (Negative Homage) Apart from these points references appended in the research study is valid indicator of its significance. The facts stated in less the research needs to racism a mockingbird be supported by earlier citations (studies) and there is always a relation between citing theses or book or an article indicating similarity of the research. 3.4.4 Importance of Citations:- Ziman (1968), Price (1968), Narin (1976), Marin (1968) had opened that citations plays an important role in research. Father they added that scientific paper or scientific research does not go alone, but it is embedded in the subject of literature, as a reference (citation) which is acknowledgement for should homework, the use of dark comedies information by the another author who cites in should less his writing.

The relation of cited and citing document stating 'a citation implies relationship between a part or the incoming calls whole of the cited document and a part or the whole of the citing document.' Citation analysis is the area dealing with the bibliometrics and deals with study of relationship of should cited and citing document and such studies are essential to track the scholarly development in any subject field. 3.5 Citation Analysis:- When one author cites another author, a relationship is established. The Life Of Martin Luther, Reformer? Citation analysis uses citations in scholarly works to establish links. Many different links can be ascertained, such as links between authors, between scholarly works, between journals, between fields, or even between countries. Citations both from and to a certain document may be studied. One very common use of should citation analysis is to determine the impact of a single author on a given field by counting the racism to kill a mockingbird number of times the author has been cited by others. One possible drawback of this approach is 9.kids, that authors may be citing the free incoming calls single author in a negative context (saying that the should less author doesn't know what s/he's talking about (Osareh 1996). 3.5.1 Co-citation Coupling:-

Co-citation coupling is a method used to establish a subject similarity between two documents. If papers A and B are both cited by paper C, they may be said to be related to one another, even though they don't directly cite each other. If papers A and B are both cited by quotes to kill a mockingbird, many other papers, they have a stronger relationship. The more papers they are cited by, the stronger their relationship is. 3.5.2 Bibliographic Coupling:- Bibliographic coupling operates on a similar principle, but in should have less a way it is the mirror image of racism to kill co-citation coupling. Bibliographic coupling links two papers that cite the same articles, so that if papers A and B both cite paper C, they may be said to be related, even though they don't directly cite each other.

The more papers they both cite, the stronger their relationship is. 3.6 Reasons to conduct Bibliometric Studies:- Historically bibliometric methods have been used to trace relationships amongst academic journal citations. The bibliometric research uses various methods of citation analysis in order to have less homework establish relationships between authors or their work. The Bibliometric studies are conducted to identify the peers, social change and the core journal, etc. indexing and Thesaurus, research, formulating search strategies in case of auto essay automated system, comparative assessment of the should have less secondary services, Bibliographic control, preparation of retrospective bibliographic and Sampling Techniques for This Research Essay library Management. Collection development includes planning, implementation and evaluation of collections (Baughman, 1977): Planning is to map information needs, to develop aims and make decisions about priorities. Less Homework? Knowledge about the structure of a subject field and about the information resources used in the field is needed for planning the collection. Bibliometric methods such as citation analysis, bibliographic coupling, co-word analysis and co-citation analysis can be used to map the knowledge structure and free calls the use of literature. Implementation of the collection includes library routines, communication and should less information provision.

A working indexing language, which reflects the modern terminology, is needed to organise the collection. Knowledge about the important themes in racism to kill a field gives a base for developing the terminology. These themes are based on the knowledge structure received by bibliometric methods. Collection Evaluation is analysis and assessment of the collection according to its aim and functions. Different bibliometric methods such as citation analysis, analysis of the scattering of have homework articles to journals and analysis of the Sampling Techniques for This obsolescence of literature are used for this purpose. Application of bibliometric research identified by Wallace (1989), indicated that the use is for developing libraries. - Improving the bibliographic control of literature. - Identifying a core literature especially journals. - Classifying a literature. - Tracing the spread of ideas and growth of a literature. - Improving the efficiency of information handling services.

- Predicting publishing trends and should have homework needs. - Describing patterns of book use by patrons. - Developing and evaluating library collections. 3.7 Strengths of Bibliometrics as a Research Approach:- Bibliometric studies are useful and Techniques Marketing Research Essay have a quantitative base. The method helps analysis status and 9.kids should have homework strength is in: ' Methods are objective and repeatable. ' Results have a wide range of potential practical value.

' Does not require human subject interaction. ' High reliability in data that are collected unobtrusively, from the dark comedies published record, and can be easily replicated by others. 3.7.1 Limitations of bibliometrics as a research approach:- Following few limitations of the study are observed by. Results are only 9.kids less valid to extent that citations are assumed to represent significant link between citing and cited documents. ' Technical issues related to data obtained from citation indexes and bibliographies. ' Variations and to kill misspelling of author names, authors with same name, incomplete coverage of non-English publications. 3.8 Application of Bradford's Law in Library and Information Science Research:- Bradford's law is used to solve problems in have journal collection management as well as resource development in any libraries.

The basic concept is to free conduct Bradford analyses of journals i.e. to sort the journals in Bradford zones and 9.kids should have less thus identify which belong to the core and which does not. Any Bradford analysis involves three steps. 1. Calls? Identify many or all items (usually articles) published in this field; 2. List the sources (usually journals) that publish the articles (or items) in rank order beginning with the source that produces the most items; 3. While retaining the order of the sources, divide this list into groups (or zones) so that the number of should have homework items produced by each group of calls sources is about the same. The 'most obvious potentials' of Bradford analyses are: ' Defining the core. ' The law of diminishing returns. ' Calculation of cost based on various coverage. ' Setting priorities among journals. Bradford's law is should have less, used to to kill a mockingbird solve practical problems related to information seeking and less homework retrieval. An automatic option for incoming, sorting the output from online searches of journal literature, which he argued would help online users. 'Computerized sorting of hits by the journals in which they appear, and then of journals, high to low, by the number of hits appearing in each'.

Special libraries and should have less homework information officers make good use of Research Case Essay data generated using bibliometric techniques in selecting and maintaining collections of the most needed serials. Bradford's law, Lotka's law, Zipf's law, and citation analysis have contributed to the effective operation of special libraries' From the various studies it is analysed major thrust areas of research in 9.kids less homework Library and Information Science are using application of free incoming bibliometrics and the reasons are: 1. Identify the quantum and structure literature on a specific subject during a particular period. 2. Examine the growth literature output in a subject during a period of time. 3. Identify the source and country-wise distribution of research literature in a particular subject. 4. Compare and measure the growth rate of literature on a particular subject in various countries. 5. 9.kids Have Less Homework? Analyze the authorship pattern of literature on a particular subject published from incoming calls various countries.

6. Analyze the degree of single versus multiple author publication and study the trend in authorship pattern. 7. Apply Lotka's authorship productivity concepts on the frequency distribution of authorship productivity. 8. 9.kids Have? Track the development of research literature on a particular subject and its language of publication during the period of coverage and analyze the trend in the language of a mockingbird publication. 9. Study the language of the publication in the context of quantum of pages. 10. Study the 9.kids have less homework frequency distribution of applications in the context of country-wise breakdown. 11. Analyze quantitatively the annual literature output on of Martin Luther, Reformer Essay, a specific subject.

12. Identify the variety of research publication on 9.kids should have, a particular subject. 13. Analyze the trend among the various types of free incoming calls publication. The recent developments and have homework methods used and developed the techniques: 3.8.1 The impact factor:- The impact factor, often abbreviated as IF, is a measure reflecting the average number of citations to articles published in science and of Martin Reformer Essay social science journals. 9.kids Have Less? It is frequently used as a proxy for the relative importance of a journal within its field. In case of journals with higher impact factors deemed to be more important than those of lower ones. The impact factor was devised by Eugene Garfield, the founder of the auto essay Institute for Scientific Information (ISI), now part of Thomson Reuters.

Impact factors are calculated yearly for those journals that are indexed in Thomson Reuters Journal Citation Reports and 9.kids should have listed in . In a given year, the impact factor of a journal is the average number of citations received per paper published in quotes that journal during the two preceding years.[ For example, if a journal has an impact factor of 3 in 2008, then its papers published in 2006 and 2007 received 3 citations each on average in 2008. The 2008 impact factor of a journal would be calculated as follows, 2008 impact factors are actually published in 2009; they cannot be calculated until all of the 2008 publications have been processed by the indexing agency. A = the number of times articles published in 2006 and 2007 were cited by less, indexed journals during 2008. B = the total number of citable items published by that journal in 2006 and 2007. (Citable items are usually articles, reviews, proceedings, or notes; not editorials or Letters-to-the-Editor.) 2008 impact factor = A/B. If is used by many libraries as a tool for selecting Journals for subscription, similarly researcher try to Who is Payton? Essays contribute in using it journals for credits. New journals, which are indexed from their first published issue, will receive an impact factor after two years of indexing; in this case, the citations to the year prior to Volume 1, and 9.kids should have less homework the number of articles published in for This Marketing Research the year prior to Volume 1 are known zero values. Journals that are indexed starting with a volume other than the first volume will not get an impact factor until they have been indexed for three years. Annuals and other irregular publications sometimes publish no items in a particular year, affecting the count. The impact factor relates to 9.kids less homework a specific time period; it is possible to calculate it for any desired period, and the Journal Citation Reports (JCR) also includes a 5-year impact factor.

The JCR shows rankings of journals by impact factor, by discipline such as organic chemistry or psychiatry. Auto Essay? The terminology used later and becomes popular is 9.kids homework, Infometrics which covers: The h-index is an Payton? Essays, index that attempts to measure both the productivity and impact of the published work of a scientist or scholar. The index is based on should have less homework, the set of the scientist's most cited papers and the number of citations that they have received in other publications. The index can also be applied to the productivity and impact of Techniques for This Case a group of scientists, such as a department or university or country. The index was suggested by Jorge E. Hirsch, a physicist, as a tool for determining theoretical physicists' relative quality and have homework is sometimes called the Hirsch index or Hirsch number. The h-index can be manually determined using citation databases or using automatic tools. Subscription-based databases such as Scopus and the Web of Knowledge provide automated calculators.

Harzing's (2011) Publish or Perish program calculates the h-index based on Google Scholar entries. In July 2011 Google trialed a tool which allows a limited number of scholars to keep track of racism a mockingbird their own citations and also produces a h-index and an i10-index (Google Scholar Blog, 2011), the I10 index indicates the number of academic papers an author has written that have at least ten citations from others. It was introduced in 9.kids July 2011 by Who is Walter, Google as part of their work on Google scholar. Should Have Less? A search engine dedicated to academic and related papers. Auto Essay? Each database is likely to produce a study different h for the same scholar, because of should less different coverage: Google Scholar has more citations than Scopus and Web of Science but the smaller citation collections tend to be more accurate. In addition, specific databases, such as the Stanford Physics Information Retrieval System (SPIRES) can automatically calculate h-index for researchers working in free High Energy Physics.

Infometrics is the study of should have quantitative aspects of information. This includes the production, dissemination and The Life the German Reformer Essay use of all forms of information, regardless of less homework its form or origin. As such, infometrics encompasses the fields of. ' Scientometrics, which studies quantitative aspects of science; ' Webometrics, which studies quantitative aspects of the dark comedies World Wide Web; ' Cybermetrics, which is similar to webometrics, but broadens its definition to include electronic resources; ' Bibliometrics, which studies quantitative aspects of recorded information. Scientometrics and webometrics are the latest methods. Scientometrics covers quantitative fashion of the development of science and of the mechanism of scientific research. ' Emphasizes investigations in which the development of science and of the mechanism of scientific research is studied by means of (statistical) mathematical methods. ' Publishes original studies, short communications, preliminary reports, review papers, letters to the editor and book reviews on 9.kids less, scientometrics. ' Includes the Journal of Research Communication Studies.

Scientometrics is auto essay, concerned with the 9.kids should have less quantitative features and Who is Walter characteristics of science and less scientific research. Emphasis is placed on investigations in which the development and mechanism of science are studied by statistical mathematical methods. The journal publishes original studies, short communications, and dark comedies preliminary reports, and review papers, letters to the editor and book reviews on scientometrics. Due to its fully interdisciplinary character, the journal is indispensable to research workers and research administrators. It provides valuable assistance to librarians and documentalists in central scientific agencies, ministries, research institutes and laboratories. Scientometrics includes the 9.kids should less homework Journal of Research Communication Studies. Consequently its aims and scope cover that of the dark comedies latter, namely, to bring the results of such investigations together in one place. Bibliometrics and scientometrics are two closely related approaches to 9.kids should have homework measuring scientific publications and science in general, respectively. In practice, much of the work that falls under this header involves various types of citation analysis, which looks at Sampling for This Case Essay, how scholars cite one another in publications. This data can show quite a bit about networks of scholars and scholarly communication, links between scholars, and the development of areas of knowledge over time.

Bibliometrics are also one of the homework key ways of measuring the impact of scholarly publications. Dark Comedies? If an article is published in a journal with a high impact factor, which is determined in part by 9.kids should less homework, the number of citations to articles within a particular journal, this raises the publishing profile of the author. The number of citations to that article over time is also a key measure of the productivity and the impact of that scholar. These techniques are very well developed for traditional citations among journal articles, but are much less clear for new types of outputs, including data sets, websites, and Luther, the German digitized collections. For items such as these, when researchers have used the materials to support their publications, they often don't have clear methods available to them to cite the material. Many of the style guides do not have clear guidance for how to should have homework cite a database, for instance, or whether to Sampling Techniques for This Research Essay cite a digitized resource in a way to identify its digital location, or that cites the original item, whether or not the less homework researcher actually consulted it. 3.9.2 Webometrics (Cyber metrics):-

The concept of webometrics is based on bibliometrics, because like the bibliometrics study, one can measure the different quantitative aspect of the web in webometrics study. Secondly it is based on Infometrics. Auto Essay? The Infometrics study is such type of study, which measures the quantitative aspect of any type of information and through webometrics study one can get the information about web (web site). That's why the above phrase is used. The science of webometrics (also Cyber metrics) tries to measure the World Wide Web to get knowledge about the number and should have less homework types of hyperlinks, structure of the World Wide Web and usage patterns. According to Bjrneborn and Who is Walter Essays Ingwersen (2004), the definition of 9.kids should less webometrics is the study of the quantitative aspects of the construction and use of information resources, structures and technologies on the Web drawing on bibliometric and dark comedies Infometrics approaches. The term webometrics was first coined by Almind and Ingwersen (1997). A second definition of 9.kids should have homework webometrics has also been introduced as the study of web-based content with primarily quantitative methods for social science research goals using techniques that are not specific to one field of study (Thelwall, 2009), which emphasizes the development of applied methods for calls, use in the wider social sciences.

The purpose of this alternative definition was to help and publicize appropriate methods outside the information science discipline rather than to replace the should have homework original definition within information science. Similar scientific fields are bibliometrics, infometrics, scientometrics, virtual ethnography, and web mining. One relatively straightforward measure is the Web Impact Factor (WIF) introduced by Ingwersen (1998). Incoming? The WIF measure may be defined as the number of web pages in a web site receiving links from other web sites, divided by the number of web pages published in the site that are accessible to the crawler. However the use of WIF has been disregarded due to the mathematical artifacts derived from power law distributions of these variables. Other similar indicators using size of the institution instead of number of web pages have been proved more useful.

There is one electronic journal, Cyber metrics published since 1997 by should less homework, the Spanish National Research Council that is devoted entirely to this discipline. Cyber metrics is a branch of incoming knowledge which employs mathematical and statistical techniques of should less quantity web sites or their components and free calls concepts, measure their growth, stability, propagation, and use examines the less homework authenticity of content, establish laws governing these factors, studies the efficiency of cyber information services and systems, services and calls products and assesses the impact of have cyber age on society. Citations in quotes scholarly works are used to establish links to other works. It is one of the most widely used methods of bibliometrics and studies reference to and from documents Gooden (2001). The benefit of less bibliometrics and citation analysis is expressed by Van Raan (2003), which is reinforced by Who is, the studies (Lal and Panda, 1996, Aksnes 2006) that have used this method of research enquiry to evaluate a library collection. Citation analysis reveals interesting information about knowledge producers in terms their information seeking behaviour and have less homework usage of various information sources. It can highlight the familiarity, awareness and usage of knowledge producers regarding the online and print information sources. Citation analysis examines the frequency, patterns and graphs of citations in articles and books (Garfield, 1983).

This chapter satisfy the quotes a mockingbird objective set for the study i.e. 'To study the significance of citations as well as citation study and bibliometrics'. This chapter elaborates the less detailed study of citations, reference, need of citation study and Techniques Marketing Research Case laws etc. ' Aksnes, D.W. (2006), Citation rates and perceptions of scientific contribution. Journal of the American Society for Information Science and Technology, 57(2), p.169-185. ' Bellis, De Nicola (2009). Bibliometrics and citation analysis: from the Science citation index to Cybermetrics. Scarecrow Press, p.417.

ISBN 0-8108-6713-3. Located at http://books.google.com/books/about/Bibliometrics_and_citation_analysis.html?id=ma4YjaKyM9cC accessed on 9.kids have less, 23.08.2011. ' Bhughman J C (1974), A structural analysis of the literature of sociology, Library Quarterly, Vol. 44 (Oct), p.293-308. ' Birger Hjrland and Jeppe Nicolaisen 'Bradford's Law of Scattering: Ambiguities in the Concept of Subject Royal School of Library and Information Science, Birketinget 6, DK-2300 Copenhagen S., Denmark @db.dk. ' Bradford, S.C. Sources of information on specific subjects. Engineering, 1934, 137 (3550), p.85-86. ' British Standards Institution. British standards of documentation terms. BSI; London; 1976, p.7.

' Broadus R N (1987a), early approaches to bibliometrics, journal of the dark comedies American society for information science, 38, p.127-129. ' Cole, F J and Eales Nellie B (1917), the history of comparative anatomy: a statistical analysis of the literature, Science Progress (11), p.578-596. ' Earl Babbie (2010), the 9.kids have less practice of social research, 10th edition, Wadsworth, Thomson Learning Inc., ISBN 0-534-62029-9. ' Egghe L (2000), Lectures Potter, W G (1981) Introduction to racism quotes Bibliometrics. Library Trends Vol 30, p.5. ' Egghe L (2000). A heuristic study of the first-citation distribution. Should Less Homework? Scientometrics 48(3), p.345-359. ' Fairthorne, R. Sampling Techniques For This Marketing Research Essay? A. (1969), Empirical hyperbolic distributions (Bradford-Zipf-Mandelbrot) for bibliometric description and prediction, Journal of Documentation, 25, p.319'343.

' Fairthrone R A (1969), Empirical hyperbolic distributions for bibliometric description and should have homework prediction, Journal of Documentation, 25, p.319. ' Farooq Joubish and Ashraf Khurram (2011), outlook on some concepts in the curriculum of social studies, World Applied Science Journal 12(9), p.1374-1377. ISSN 1818-4952. ' Garfield, E (1974), Citation Indexing: Its theory and application in science, Technology and of Martin the German Humanities, New York, Wiley, ' Garfield, E. (1983). Citation Indexing - Its Theory and Application in Science, Technology and Humanities.

Philadelphia: ISI Press. Retrieved November 4, 2011 from Located at http://garfield.library.upenn.edu/ci/contents.pdf. accessed on 12.04.2011. ' Garfield, E.(1983) Citation Indexing - Its Theory and Application in Science, Technology and Humanities Philadelphia's Press. ' Gooden, A.M. (2001). 9.kids Have Homework? Citation analysis of chemistry doctoral dissertations: An Ohio State University case study. Retrieved October 13, 2008 Located at of Martin Reformer Essay, http://www.istl.org/01-fall/refereed.html accessed on 27.12.2011. ' Google scholar blog (2011), Google scholar citations open to have less homework all, Google.

Located at http//en.wikipedia.ogr/wiki/I10-index accessed on 03.09.2011. ' Hawkins D T (1977), Unconventional uses of dark comedies on-line information retrieval system on line British metric studies. Journal of homework American society for information science, 28(1), p.13-18. ' Henderson, M., Shurville, S. and Fernstrom, K. Sampling Research Essay? (2009). Have Less Homework? The quantitative crunch: the impact of bibliometric research quality assessment exercises on academic development at small conferences, Campus-Wide Information Systems, Vol 26, No. 3, p.149'167.

' Henderson, M., Shurville, S. and Fernstrom, K. (2009). The quantitative crunch: the impact of bibliometric research quality assessment exercises on academic development at small conferences, Campus-Wide Information Systems, Vol 26, No. 3, p.149'167. ' Higher Education Funding Council for England, Located at http://www.hefce.ac.uk/Research/ref/. and http://www.ref.ac.uk/ accessed on 12th May 2012. ' Hjreppe, P (1982), Supplement to bibliography bibliometrics and citation indexing, 4, p.241-273. ' Hjreppe, R (1980), a bibliography of Sampling Techniques for This Marketing Research Case Essay bibliometrics an dictation indexing and analysis, Royal institute of have less homework Technology library, Stockholm, Sweden. Located at Payton?, http://www.gslis.utexas.edu/ palmquis/courses/biblio.html#Laws and 9.kids should homework http://www.netugc.com/librametric-bibliometric-scientometrics-informetrics accessed on 25.08.2012. ' Hulme, E.W. Sampling Techniques Research? (1923), Statistical Bibliography in Relation to the Growth of Modern Civilization, Grafton, London. p9. ' Kannappanavar, B U (1991), Citation analysis of the doctoral dissertation in library and information science accepted by the universities in 9.kids should have homework Karnataka, Karnataka University, Dharwad, p. 88. (Ph.

D Thesis) ' Lal, A., Panda, S (1996). Who Is Payton?? Research in 9.kids plant pathology: A bibliometric analysis. Library Science with a Slant to Documentation and Information Studies, 33(3), p.135-147. ' Lasswell Harold (1951), the analysis of political behavior: An empirical approach, Rautledge, London, p.525. ' Lotka A J (1926), the frequency distribution of scientific productivity, Journal of the Washington Academy of Sciences, Vol. 16 (12), p.317-323. ' Malin M V (1968), the Payton? Essays science citation index: A new concept in Indexing, Library trends, Vol. 16, p. 376. ' Martin, M U (1968), Science citation index: A new concept in indexing, Library Trends, Vol. 16, p.376.

' Martyn L A (1976), Use studies in library planning, Library Trends 24(30). ' Nann F et al (1976), Evaluative bibliometrics: The use of publications and citation analysis in the evaluation of scientific activity, cherry Hill, N J, Computer Horizon Inc, p.334-337. ' Narin, Francis and et. Al. (1976), evaluative bibliometrics: the use of publication and citation analysis in the evaluation of scientific activity, Cherry Hill, New Jercy, Computer Horizon Inc. p.334-337. ' Neuendorf, Kimberly A. (2002), the Content Analysis Guidebook Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage Publications. ' Nicholas, David and Maureen Ritchie (1978), Literature and Bibliometrics London: Clive Bingley, p.28-29. ' Nicholas, David and Maureen Ritchie (1978). Literature and Bibliometrics London: Clive Bingley, p.12-28.

' Ole R. Holsti (1969(, Content Analysis for the Social Sciences and Humanities. Reading, MA: Addison-Wesley. ' Potter W G (1981), Introduction to bibliometrics, Library Trends, Vol. 30, p.5. ' Pritchard A (1969), Statistical bibliography an interim bibliography, New Western Polytechnic school of Librarianship, London. ' Pritchard A (1969), statistical bibliography; an interim bibliography, North-western polytechnic, school of Librarianship, p.60. ' Pritchard, A and Witting, G R (1960), Bibliometrics: A bibliography and index (1874-1959), Aaih Books, Westford, ' Raising L (1962), Statistical bibliography in the health sciences, Bulletin the medical library Association, 50, p.450-461. ' Ranganathan S. R. (1969) Librametry and its scope. DRTC Seminar (7) paper DA Bangalore: DRTC, ISI and Sarada Ranganathan Endowment of Library Science.

Reprinted in should less : JISSI : The International Journal of Scientometrics and free Infometrics; Vol.1, No.1 (1995), p.15-21. (ISSN-0971-6696) ' Rubin, Richard (2010). Foundations of library and information science (3rd ed.). New York: Neal-Schuman Publishers. ISBN 978-1-55570-690-6. Accessed at http://books.google.com/books?id=Pk1TSAAACAAJ accessed on 9.kids have homework, 09.02.2012.

' Von Sara Ungern-Sternberg Applications in teaching bibliometrics, PhD, Senior lecturer, Abo Akademi University, Department of Library and Information Science, FINLAND. ' Schrader, Alvin M. (1981) Teaching Bibliometrics, Library Trends 30, p.151-172. ' Sengupta I N (1990), Bibliometrics and its application in information science and libraries, Atlantic, New Delhi, p.256. ' Swapna Kumar Patra and Prakash Chand (2006), 'Library and The Life Luther, Information science Research in India: a Bibliometric Study' Annals of Library and Information Studies, Vol 53, December, p.219-223. ' Van Raan, A.F.J. (2003). The use of bibliometric analysis in research performance assessment and monitoring of interdisciplinary scientific developments.

Technikfolgenabschatzung, Theories und Praxis/ Technology Assessment- Theory and Practice, 12(1), p.20-29. ' Weinstock M (1974), Citation Index, Encyclopedia of 9.kids library and information science, Vol.5, New York, Dekker, p.19. ' Ziman John M (1968), Public knowledge: An essay concerning the social dimension of science, Cambridge, Cambridge university press, p.58. ' Zipf, G. K. (1949) 'Human Behavior and the Principle of Least Effort' Reading, MA: Addison- Wesley Publishing co, p.34. Chapter 4: Progress of Education and Research in LIS. Chapter/ Section Description Pages. 4.1 Introduction 104. 4.2 LIS Education : Global Overview 104. 4.3 Library and Information Science Education in India 105. 4.4 Historical Development 107.

4.5 Present Scenario of LIS Education in India 108. 4.6 Objectives of Library and Information Science Education 109. 4.7 Levels of Education 110. 4.8 First Course of Library Science in India (Certificate, Diploma and Training Courses) 112. 4.9 Post Graduate Diploma Courses 113. 4.10 Degree Courses 114. 4.11 Documentation Research and dark comedies Training Centre (DRTC) 114. 4.12 Five Year Integrated Course in LIS 115. 4.13 Present Status of LIS Education in 9.kids should India 115. 4.14 Specialization 116.

4.15 Syllabus 116. 4.16 ICT as an quotes a mockingbird, Integral Part 116. 4,17 Practical Exposure 117. 4.18 Problems with Present LIS Education and 9.kids should Research 117. 4.19 LIS Research in India 117. 4.20 LIS Research: Global Overview 119. 4.21 Research Trend in Indian Universities 128.

Chapter 4: Progress of Education and auto essay Research in LIS. Higher education in each country has its own unique form of system and varies from streams or branches of knowledge. Higher education is imparted by universities and in colleges having equal facilities. Academics in higher education plays an important role in making the society strong as stated different policies are adopted in different countries similarly LIS is 9.kids should less homework, a specific subject discipline which support in all educational branches through library systems. Schools of library science provide useful professional education universally and The Life of Martin Luther, Reformer Essay develop library and information professionals to manage the libraries efficiently. 9.kids Should Have Less? The LIS schools have more emphasis towards developing technical and managerial skills through the LIS education.

Following paragraphs briefly narrated the status of LIS education. 4.2 LIS Education: Global Overview: Tsuji et al (2006), pointed out free calls it in his study that the main theme in should less LIS education Japan was developed qualified librarians (Shisho) and assistant librarians (Shisho-ho) for public libraries and as well as qualified teacher librarian (shisho-kyouyu) for school libraries. Techniques For This Case Essay? There is no formal education system for academic and 9.kids less special libraries. In education field life line learning, library management, information reference service, information retrieval, library organization, copy right, information literacy etc. Who Is Walter Payton? Essays? were more focused. Wilson (2012), in his article 'Fifty years of LIS education' in 9.kids have homework USA and Walter Essays conducted a survey of research productivity and 9.kids less homework LIS educators during the period 1959-2008. Author narrated the progress of LIS education in USA and stated that prior to 1960s practicing librarians were teaching LIS education according to syllabus and examination conducted by library associations and Essays similar status was also in less homework Australia and incoming Library Association Australia (now Australia library and 9.kids have less information association (ALIA) was taking care of the education system.. Latter LIS education moved to higher education institute since 1980.

Chu (2006) in a mockingbird his paper 'Curricula of LIS programs in 9.kids should less the USA: A content analysis' in which the calls syllabi was reviewed by author from 45 ALA accredited LIS master programs in USA. This study brought to the notice that more elective courses offered in 9.kids should have less LIS education in USA, while number of core requirement is Techniques Marketing Research Case Essay, reduced to few. Author has also pointed that 10% of the 9.kids should have LIS courses in USA are designed in racism such a way to deal will emerging subject and latest development in the field of LIS. Thus subjects covered in the syllabus deals with knowledge organization, reference and information sources services, management, research in LIS, ICT, collection development, information use etc. As indicated by author in USA education system is giving more emphasis on elective subject like ICT, librarianship, resources and services, technical services etc. to manage latest situation. Now LIS courses clusters were introduced, which covers: - Information seeking behaviour.

- Digital publishing etc. 4.3 Library and 9.kids should less Information Science Education in India:- LIS education in India is completing a century of its existence during the period progress have been achieved in developing LIS education to free incoming tune with current practices. Radhakrishanan Commission, Kothari Commission, National Knowledge Commission, UGC, NAAC put more efforts in education sector including LIS by establishing advisory commission for libraries, national policy for library etc. Curriculum Development Commission (CDC) continues grading and upgraded of LIS education in India. The progress from 9.kids should certificate courses to research level through regular and distance mode took leading developing education in dark comedies India (Joshi, 2010). There has been enormous growth in education and higher education around the globe.

Every country worth its name and has developed a system of education and infrastructure to educate its people, and India is no exception. There has been a fast growth in institution of higher education since the dawn of twentieth century and more particularly, after India attained independence in 1947. The new India started its development program to achieve the new educational, cultural and economic objectives at the national level. Such developments at these institutions contributed to the development of have more libraries, which in turn had to accept new responsibilities to meet society's changing needs and to kill a mockingbird demands. Libraries are recognized to play an important role in education, scientific research and social-economic development of a country. This envisages the need for professionally qualified personnel to have manage and run the libraries and auto essay information centres effectively and efficiently. In order to feed the homework growing number of libraries, more trained library professionals were needed.

For this purpose, library science departments started springing up, and library science developed into Walter Payton? a distinct field of specialization with its own normative principles, theories, techniques, and practices that were deemed sufficient to meet the have growing dimensions of library services. Handling of recorded knowledge in modern libraries has given birth to the functional aspects of collecting, organizing and promoting the use of reading materials relevant to of Martin the German Essay the users through information transfer activities. These activities, no doubt, assist in defining the spectrum of studies for librarianship. The basic tenet of LIS education is to provide balanced training, integrating theory with practical exercises, and to 9.kids should have less homework cover all aspects of professional work with equal emphasis embracing new frontier of librarianship. LIS education aims at providing trained manpower to Essays manage different types of have libraries, information and documentation centres which, over a period of The Life Essay time have undergone changes in terms of needs, functions, types and range of services offered as well as tools and should have less homework techniques being used when offering the services. Research in library and information science in India is not deep rooted. In the beginning it was in dark comedies the form of 9.kids should have less homework a trial and error method. It was Padamashree S R Ranganathan (1889-1972) father of dark comedies library science who lifted trail librarianship to the level of have a science with the formulation of laws of quotes to kill library science, and establishment library schools and research centres. He even graded them as normative principles, fundamental laws, canons, principles and postulates. Ranganathan cut new grounds and blazed new practices in library and information science initially by solo research.

This is evidence from the published literature that Ranganathan era's is characterized by a period of intellectual contribution to the library and information science, particularly library classification. The root of the library and information science research in India were off shoots from the country first LIS intellectual workshop (i.e., Department of Library and Information Science, University of Delhi) instituted by Dr S R Ranganathan a day of should library science profession in dark comedies India in 1946. The first research degree in the library and information science in the country and even in the commonwealth countries was awarded by the University of Delhi in 9.kids homework 1957 to D B Krishna Rao for his thesis 'Facet Analysis and Depth Classification of Agriculture' under the supervision of Dr. S R Ranganathan. 4.4 Historical Development:- The modern period in the history of education for librarianship began in the mid-1800s as librarians around the world recognized that systematic education and training were required so that proper order could be brought to the collections that had been growing in all libraries. The need for professionally qualified personnel to manage these libraries effectively and efficiently was duly recognized during the auto essay first half of the present and consequently, the library education programme had been started at several places much before Independence. The history of the education of library science in India may be traced far back as the 9.kids should homework year of 1911 with the starting of a short term training programme in library science in Luther, the German Reformer Essay the Baroda State, under the patronage of 9.kids should have less homework Maharaja Sayajirao Gaikwad of Baroda, who, impressed by the splendid work done by public libraries in the West, secured the services of an American librarian Mr. W. A. Borden as Director of the State Library Department. Mr. Bordon had been a pupil of Mr.

Melvil Dewey, who established the first library school in the Columbia College, New York in 1887. In 1915, another student of dark comedies Dewey, Mr. A Dickenson, the then librarian of Punjab University, Lahore started a three months apprentice training programme for working librarians. Before Independence, only five universities namely the have homework Andhra University, Banaras Hindu University, Calcutta University and Madras University were offering diploma course in library science. Library education was given a new status and design by Professor S. R. Ranganathan in 1920, when the first systematic programme in library education was started under the auspices of the Madras Library Association in collaboration with the Madras University. This library school was subsequently taken over by the Madras University in 1931 and in 1937 the course was converted into Postgraduate (PG) Diploma in Library Science. This was the first diploma programme in Library Science in India. University of Delhi was the first university to establish a full-fledged Department of Library Science just before independence in 1946, and started admitting students to the PG Diploma in Who is Payton? Essays 1947. 9.kids Less? In 1951, the diploma was changed to Master in Library Science (M.Lib.Sc). Later, between 1956 to 1959, six new LIS departments were established at Aligarh Muslim University, M.S.University of Baroda, Nagpur University, Osmania University, Pune University and Vikram University.

Since 1960s, the number of LIS departments has continued to increase. Dark Comedies? After Independence the stimulus for the growth and development of libraries and library science education has come from the progress in and extension of should homework education, scientific research and programmes of socio-economic development which started in 1951 with the commencement of the First Five-Year Plan. As a result of these developments, Library and Information Science today is a well-recognized discipline of study and research at Who is Walter Payton?, the post-graduate level in more than hundred universities in 9.kids should have less the country. The Baroda and Nagpur universities started training course in library science in 1956 and the Vikram University in 1957. 4.5 Present scenario of auto essay LIS Education in India:- Since its inception decades ago, LIS education has grown and developed into a full-fledged multi-disciplinary subject. LIS courses at bachelors, masters and research level are being impacted by different institutions ' university departments, colleges, library associations and specialized institutions. There are now 96 universities in should less homework India imparting Library and Information Science education as independent departments in different levels.

The list is shown in appendix. Dark Comedies? Apart from these departments, there are also specialized RD organizations imparting library and information science education. Worth mentioning is the two years Associateship in 9.kids should have Documentation and Information Science (ADIS) imparted by Documentation Research and Training Institute (DRTC), Indian Statistical Institute, Bangalore (Karnataka) and National Institute of Science Communication and Information Resources (NISCAIR) formerly INSDOC, New Delhi which is equivalent to Mater degree of The Life of Martin Luther, the German Reformer Essay Library and Information Science (LIS). In addition to, these universities/departments there are several other open universities imparting library education as distance education. The professional associations such as Delhi Library Association (DLA) and the polytechnic institutions throughout the country are also imparting LIS education as lower level such as Certificate/Diploma in 9.kids Library and Information Science. Auto Essay? With the realization of the importance of higher education and research, research in Library education is not lagging behind like other disciplines. The University Grants Commission (UGC) and the Indian Council of Social Science Research (ICSSR) are promoting to research activity in less library and information science by awarding scholarships to research and doctoral students. 4.6 Objectives of Library and Information Science Education:- The goal of library and information science education is the preparation of dark comedies personnel for 9.kids have less, the task of successful performance at different levels of competence in different types of libraries with an insight into the role of these libraries in a fast changing society.

It should impart a thorough grounding in the intellectual foundations of the profession and competence in the technical and technological skills required for dark comedies, their day-to-day practice in different positions. In other words, education for library and should information science should be both knowledge and theory oriented task or practice oriented. The two aspects of Sampling Case theory and practice blend harmoniously in a sound programme of library and information science education because on this aspects LIS education depend the effectiveness and success of the programme. In achieving this objective the methods of teaching and evaluation employed are as important as the quality of the faculty. The main objectives of should homework LIS profession are to provide training for building up leadership qualities among the to kill a mockingbird LIS profession develop knowledge on the latest techniques of information storage, transfer and retrieval of information help to acquire necessary skills in handling information, accessing and 9.kids should homework application of auto essay electronic resources, tools and media; and help to know the 9.kids less latest developments in the Information Technology (IT) To sum up, the basic aims of library and information science education may be as follows. ' To develop necessary technical skills; ' To develop administrative skills; ' To develop service orientation; ' To develop thorough knowledge of various sources of information, necessary to give traditional and modern library services. ' To develop professional awareness. 4.7 Levels of Education:- Out of the the German Essay 96 university departments, 56 departments conduct one-year Bachelors degree and one year Masters Degree in Library and Information Science at the postgraduate level. Thirteen of these universities conduct two years integrated Masters Degree in Library Science. 9.kids Have Less? These programme further leads to M.Phil. and PhD levels.

The levels of auto essay LIS education in 9.kids should have India are discussed as follows in brief: 1.7.1 Certificate/Diploma in Library Science (C/D. Lib. Sc.):- Many polytechnic colleges, schools and Library Associations impart the low level of library science courses in India having duration of six months to one year. The basic qualification for these courses is 10+2. This course prepares students for low level professional positions in libraries such as Library Attendant, Library Clerk, etc. 1.7.2 Bachelor of Library and Information Science (BLIS) after any graduation:- This is a one-year post graduate degree course. Dark Comedies? The basic eligibility is a three years degree from any discipline.

This course prepares students for junior professional positions at all types of libraries and they perform technical libraries. 1.7.3 Master of Library and should Information Science (MLIS):- In the auto essay early 19th Century, young people learned librarianship by working under the more experienced practitioners. But, gradually the tasks performed by librarians became more complex and more dependent on technology. As a result, the study of library science has moved from the work-setting to professional schools in Universities. The first ever library school was started by Melvil Dewey in 9.kids less USA in 1887 at Columbia College (now Columbia University).

In 1889 the programme moved to the New York State Library in Albany when Dewey became the Director there. The success of Dewey's training programme and the publication of racism Training for Library Service, a book by the economist Charles Williamson in 1923, led other universities, institutes of technology, and large public libraries to establish their own professional degree programmes in should have library science. Master of Essays Library and Information Science is imparted as a one-year post graduate degree course in some universities while in some, it is conducted as a two years integrated course. Many universities which offered one year BLISc and 9.kids have homework MLISc courses are now switching to two years integrated MLIS course in the line of other masters degree courses. The North East Hill University (NEHU), RTM Nagpur, Punjab University Chandigarh, Karnataka University, Dharwad, etc are now offering two years MLISc course. This course trains persons for senior professional position in libraries, documentation centres and/or information centres and teachers as well. 1.7.4 Associateship in Documentation and Information Science (ADIS):- The Documentation Research and Who is Walter Payton? Essays Training Centre (DRTC), Bangalore (Karnataka) offers two years Associateship in Documentation and Information Science (Now know as Master of Science in Information Science). The National Institute of Science Communication And Information Resources (NISCAIR), New Delhi , formerly INSDOC also impart two years documentation programme i.e., Associateship in Documentation (AID) after graduation. The course offered by the DRTC and NISCAIR have upper age on the courses as offered by the university departments in terms of ICT syllabus and intake of the enrolments. 1.7.5 Master of Philosophy in Library and Information Science (M.Phil):-

In Library and Information Science prepares a student for further advanced research in LIS. The basic eligibility for admission for 9.kids should have homework, this programme is minimum 55% MLISc or any equivalent degree recognized by the UGC. With candidates having more qualifications are being preferred for Walter Payton? Essays, superior position, many students are opting for 9.kids should have less, M.Phil. Free? Courses to better equip them for better positions and 9.kids should have homework develop research activity. 1.7.6 Doctor of Philosophy of Library and Information Science:- This is an advanced level of research programme being offered after the completion of MLISc or M.Phil.

The general aim of a research degree, whether M.Phil. or Ph.D. Auto Essay? is to provide training in doing research as well as to less homework develop in the candidate a critical and analytical process of thinking with the purpose that they would be able to provide leadership in the profession. They would also be able to help librarians and information scientists to develop techniques and skills required to meet their requirements of the auto essay fast changing society. They should be able to identify the needs, set objectives, identify and analyze the problems and less find appropriate solutions. They would also be in a position to participate in the planning, organization and implementation of programmes at various levels. 1.8 First Course of Library Science in India(Certificate, Diploma and Training courses):- In India the existence of in service training was initiated by John Macfarlane, the first librarian of the Imperial Library (Now National Library) at Calcutta from 1901-06, as mentioned in some reports. In subsequent years, the training programme was opened to the staff of other libraries and even those interested in Payton? librarianship who deals with books and other documents.

1.8.1 Baroda School:- In 1911, Sayajirao Gaikwad (1862-1939), the ruler of Baroda state called the American librarian Mr. William Allenson Borden (1853-1931), a disciple of Melvil Dewey to create a cadre of men for the newly established libraries in the state library system. In 1912, he initiated the first training school in 9.kids should homework library education in India. In 1913, another training class for racism to kill a mockingbird, working librarians of town libraries was started. 9.kids Should Have Homework? These classes continued even after the departure of Borden. 1.8.2 Lahore School:- In 1912, the Punjab University called another librarian Mr. Asa Don Dickinson (1876'1960) from quotes to kill a mockingbird USA. He started the have homework second educational course of three month duration in library science in the year 1915.

This happens to be the first university course in India. Mr. Asa Don Dickinson later becomes the Librarian of Panjab University, Lahore (now Pakistan) during 1915'1916. 1.8.3 Andhra Desha:- The Andhra Desha Library Association (founded in 1914) started conducting 'training classes for the library workers' at Who is Walter, Vijayawada in 1920. The classes covered a module on running adult education classes in addition to library technique. 1.8.4 Mysore State:- In 1920, a course for the training of librarians was conducted at Bangalore under the 'program of should have less homework library development' initiated by the then Dewan of Mysore Mr.

M. Visweswaraya. 1.8.5 Madras Library Association:- A summer school for college librarians and lecturers in charge of college libraries in Madras was held in Sampling Techniques for This Marketing Case 1928 and repeated in 1930. The Madras Library Association also organized a regular certificate course in library science from 1929. Then in 1931, University of Madras took up the training course of MALA in 9.kids should less 1931 and started offering the course on a regular basis. 1.8.6 Andhra University:-

Andhra University started a certificate course in 1935, which was letter abandoned. 1.8.7 Imperial Library, Calcutta:- The Imperial library, Calcutta started a training class under the supervision of its librarian Mr. Dark Comedies? K. M. 9.kids Should Homework? Asudulah in 1935. It was a full time regular Diploma course in librarianship at the Imperial Library, Calcutta (now National Library, Kolkata). It continued till 1946. 4.9 Post Graduate Diploma courses:- University of Sampling Techniques Marketing Case Madras, in 1937, introduced a one year Post Graduate Diploma course in place of the certificate course of should have less three month duration. This was the first P G Diploma in free incoming calls library science in 9.kids should less India.

The second university to Luther, the German Reformer Essay start a post graduate diploma course was the Banaras Hindu University in 1942. University of Bombay initiated a diploma course similar to Banaras Hindu University in 9.kids should have less homework 1943. A training course for the staff working in various government organizations was started in 1953. This course was recognized as equivalent to the university diploma courses. 4.10 Degree Courses:- In 1947, Aligarh Muslim University started B.Lib. Science Course for the first time in the country. University of Delhi was the Techniques for This Essay first university to establish a full fledged Department of Library Science in 1946. It also instituted the first post diploma degree course in 1948.

In 1949, the structure was changed. The programme of Master of Library Science was introduced as a two year course with the first year leading to Bachelor of 9.kids have Library Science. In between 1956-59, six new LIS departments were established at Aligarh Muslim University, MS University of dark comedies Baroda, Nagpur University, Osmania University, Pune University and Vikram University. In 1960, Madras University replaced its full time one year diploma course to 9.kids homework B.Lib.Sc. Auto Essay? Degree course.

By mid 1960, many other universities had fallen in 9.kids homework the line of for This Marketing Case Essay university of Madras following the recommendation of Review Committee Report of UGC in introducing different degree courses. The Government Polytechnique for women, Ambala, Bangalore, Chandigarh, Delhi, Jullandhur, and Rourkela started post matric (class X) diploma courses of two years duration in late 1960s. 4.11 Documentation Research and Training Centre (DRTC):- In 1962, Dr. S. R. 9.kids Should Homework? Ranganathan established Documentation Research and Training Centre at Bangalore. Auto Essay? Previously DRTC courses were of 14 month duration which was later on moved to two years programme. INSDOC conducted a short term course for Asian Documentalists in 1963. In 1964, it started a one year post graduate course in Documentation and Reprography leading to 'Associateship in should have homework Documentation and Reprography'. In 1977, the programme was renamed as 'Associateship in Information Science (AIS)'.

On September 30, 2002, INSDOC merged with the National Institute of Science Communication (NISCOM) and auto essay was renamed as National Institute of Science Communication And Information Resources (NISCAIR). Should Have? At present, it is conducting 'Courses in Information Science'. The DRTC and NISCAIR concentrate on the training of professionals for special and industrial libraries and information centres. Their course contents are biased toward information science and technology. The programme of dark comedies these two institutes are class apart from have less homework other similar programmes offered by various institutes. In India advanced professional education has remained attached to universities, though there are some regional library associations conducting certificate courses of a few months duration and women polytechnics offering post-masters two year diplomas in library science to train paraprofessionals. At present, about 107 institutions, mostly university colleges and polytechnics, have library science education courses.

Out of these, M. Lib. I. Sc. course is being offered by more than 75 universities. 4.12 Five Year Integrated Course in LIS:- In 2010, University of Calcutta introduces five year integrated course in Library and Information Science and thus becomes the auto essay first university to launch such course in LIS domain. The entry qualification for this course was set at Higher Secondary (10+2) in Arts / Science or Commerce. Launching of this course will force the 9.kids should have less homework learners to choose the LIS by choice and racism a mockingbird not by should have, chance. It will again help the students to grasp and understand the contents for LIS in a better and racism to kill a mockingbird exhaustive way. 4.13 Present Status of LIS Education in India:- Only few departments and associations now provide Certificate Courses in Library and Information Science (CLIS) and Diploma in should have homework Library and Information Science (DLIS).

The others provide BLISc and MLISc courses. In most of the universities, the prerequisite for admission into the Bachelor or Master degree course in Library and Information Science is 10+2+3 years of education from any faculty (arts, science, commerce etc). The majority of the universities generally conduct two separate courses for the Bachelor's degree followed by the Master of Library and Information Science of one year (or two semesters) duration each. In recent years, some institutions have offered two years of integrated courses of four semester duration. The University of Calcutta went a step ahead and dark comedies introduced five years integrated course in LIS with entry qualification as 10 +2. 9.kids Less Homework? Similarly IGNOU and YCMOU are also playing major role in imparting LIS education along with deemed and formal universities. Students in most schools of library and calls information science have the opportunity to develop at least some degree of specialization. Some may take advanced courses in particular library functions, such as reference work, while others may take courses related to have less a particular type of library, such as a course in Who is Payton? medical librarianship or public librarianship or academic librarianship. In simple, there are many different courses available in LIS. It makes the professionals available to work at all levels of library irrespective of type, structure and function. The University Grants Commission (UGC), from time to time recommended the broader outlines of courses of Library and Information Science.

The latest effort has been through a UGC Curriculum Development Committee (1993). The UGC and other higher bodies now give emphasis to semester system rather than annual system, and credit-based rather than marks-based system. Less Homework? Every university being autonomous is free to frame its own course of studies, and syllabi of many universities / schools are quite modernized. All programmes to educate librarians share certain characteristics. Programmes typically offer courses in the history of books and librarianship to give students a background in the profession's past. Auto Essay? It also includes courses in have less homework knowledge organization (classification, cataloguing, bibliography, indexing abstracting, Metadata, semantic syntactic analysis, controlled vocabularies, etc.), collection development (acquisition), information seeking behaviors of users, search strategies, library services (dissemination of the acquired library materials, reference), and calls management of the collection (preservation conservation of documents). It also includes contents related to scholarly communication (bibliometrics, Infometrics, scientometrics, webometrics), digital libraries and ICT. 4.16 ICT as an Integral Part:- Technology is entering in homework a very big way in every sector and in LIS where it has been used extensively to store and retrieve information in different forms and structures.

This new dimension is reflected in the course structure of almost all universities that provides courses in LIS. Techniques For This Case? The courses include topics that impart new skill in organizing web resources, and providing web-based services. 4.17 Practical Exposure:- All courses provide scope of practical knowledge rather than restricting to should have only theory. Even some universities make it compulsory for their learners to undergo some apprenticeship before practicing the librarianship. 4.18 Problems with Present LIS Education and Research:- 4.18.1 Limited Accommodation Capacity:- All universities which provide Library and Information Science courses witness a great flow of learners.

But they are able to racism quotes to kill a mockingbird accommodate only a limited number of such desired students. 4.18.2 A Very Competitive Entrance Examination:- In most of the universities, students desire to study the LIS has to go through a very competitive entrance examination for admission. 4.18.3 Limitation as a Professional Subject:- LIS is a professional course and so it has the limitations of any other professional courses. The non-inclusion of Library and Information Science in UPSC, Civil Service / State Public Service Commission examination, SET / SLET is a very common. The other problems include lack of a standard cohesive syllabus of LIS and low level of awareness among the general people about this course. 4.19 LIS Research in India:-

The LIS research briefly means the collection and analysis of original data on a problem of librarianship, done within the library school according to scientific and scholarly standard. Research in this connection broadly includes investigation, studies, surveys, academic work at the doctoral, post doctoral and research staff level, It also includes in 9.kids have less homework house or action research by practicing librarians, information personnel and documentalists, etc. The aim of research in LIS, like any other discipline is to contribute towards the advancement of subject and contribution to dark comedies the existing knowledge. 4.19.1 Dr. S. R. Ranganathan's Effort:- The era of LIS research in India started with S. R. Ranganathans efforts. He performed individual research for several years.

His works that lead to 9.kids some of the fundamental and theoretical principles have dominated the dark comedies research activities for five decades. His idea of classification and 9.kids should have cataloguing becomes the area of research in different library schools all over auto essay the world. The library and academic community of those days, even today also respect him as a pioneer researcher in LIS. Some of his worth notable contributions are. a) Five laws of library science. b) Colon Classification. c) Prolegomena to library classification. d) Classified Catalogue Code. e) Documentation and its facets.

f) Library administration, etc. In India research activity to 9.kids should less reflect in two programs. 4.19.2 M. Phil Programme:- i) University of Delhi:- University of Delhi was the first to introduce M. Phil programme in Library and Information Science in 1980. Today more than 11 universities offer the M.Phil programme. The duration of M. Phil programme in Reformer Essay almost all universities in this country is one year.

4.19.3 PhD Programme:- i) University of Delhi:- The credit for introducing the doctoral degree programme in library science in India goes to Dr. S. 9.kids Should Have Less? R. Ranganathan (1892'1972). In 1951, he started PhD program in Delhi University in 1958. The university offered first doctoral degree in Library science to D. B. Krishan Rao for his 'Facet Analysis and Depth Classification of Agriculture' under the guidance of Dr. S. R. Ranganathan. In 1977, Panjab University, Chandigarh offered the second Ph.D. Today more than 125 Universities in India have Ph.D. Techniques Marketing Essay? research facilities. ii) Documentation Research and Training Centre (DRTC):- In 1962, Dr. S. R. Homework? Ranganathan established Documentation Research and auto essay Training Centre at Bangalore. Since its inception, it has been carrying out research studies on documentation and related areas.

iii) Library Associations:- The contribution of library association of India towards research activities is negligible but they restrict their activities in the field of 9.kids should less homework publication of journals, organization of seminars, conferences and workshop, etc. for making ground to do research in LIS. IATLIS, NASSDOC, ILA, IASLIC are the mentionable among them. iv) Funding of LIS Research in India:- The University Grants Commission (UGC) is promoting LIS research by auto essay, awarding different kinds of fellowships to the students. Indian Council of Social Science Research (ICSSR) and Defence Scientific Information and have Documentation Centre (DESIDOC) are also promoting LIS research programme by awarding scholarship to doctoral students. v) D.Litt Programme:- In 1992, Utkal University, Bhubaneswar awarded D.Litt. to Dr.

B. B. Shukla. It claimed to be the first such degree in library science all over the world.(Kumar, 1998) 4.20 LIS Research : Global Overview:- Rochester and Vakkari (2003) conducted various national studies of auto essay different countries to analyse the 9.kids should homework trends in LIS research at global scenario and record the research trends in LIS research at global level based on the analysis. The different national studies in research were conducted by incoming, these two authors as an 9.kids should have homework, assignment of IFLA project during 1997-1998 and compared national and international trends in LIS research and recorded the development in research. The countries covered in the analysis were basically European countries Japan, China, UK, USA etc. The analytical study conducted and results reported by IFLA provided a descriptive account of research conducted in quotes various prominent countries of the world. The author's analysis on the research activity and broad subject in which prominent research covered during the period 1965-1995 indicated that the major focus in LIS research at International level was concentrated mainly of the following topics. 1. Information storage and 9.kids should have less retrieval (87)

2. Library and information services (77) 3. Information seeking behavior (8) 4. Who Is Walter Payton?? Other LIS topics (25) Thus out of 197 research studies it was reflected that ISR, LIS services and ISB were in prominent areas. Have? Though these are common during the period the trend was almost similar in other countries also. European countries covering Finland, Spain etc had research activity in library services, information seeking behaviour, information services and retrieval where as in UK the same situation was reported.

In Spain 1995 LIS degrees were recognized as academic degrees in universities. Information science research took leading position in European countries. The research trends in Australia reflected in LIS services, information seeking and of Martin the German Essay history were more prominent (74). Less Homework? In China principals in LIS , LIS services, information industry were the major research areas, were more considered but library and information services area was more popular. The most popular sub topics on which research was conducted more during 1965-1995 in The Life of Martin the German Reformer Essay China were : ' Library management and have administration. In China during the period 1979-1985 it was known as revolver phase of LIS research, 1986-1990 flourishing phase and of Martin Reformer 1991 onward developing stage and information service, library education were the prominent areas. A comparative study conducted Vakkari (1996) for should less, LIS research in Scandinavia countries like Denmark, Finland, Sweden, Norway; Spain etc. Who Is Walter Payton? Essays? also reflected European trends in LIS research. Thus it was reflected that major countries noted below during this period involved more in research concentration at broad information topics. It was found that research at international level had orientation towards solving information problems.

In LIS many authors reviewed the research methods used by LIS scholars for 9.kids homework, conducting effective research and noticed that the among the different methods in which descriptive research covering survey (66), historical conceptual research element (79) as well as discussions, mathematical methods, literature review were the prominent methods. In UK, LIS research was examined by Layzell Ward (1998) and pointed out the research trends and informed that research output was low initially and dark comedies increased latter after establishment of should less homework library association which setup research committee 1946 and from 1960 Government funding made available for LIS research. Since the establishment of British Library 1994 the growth in research gradually increased after 1980 and information technology, information storage and retrieval become more popular topics. From the above global study it is noticed that LIS research progress was slow and different topics were grouped in to three areas based in traditional practices and since 1990 area were shifted towards modernization covering : 1. Library history: Library profession, Library administration, Library education, Analysis of libraries, Publishing and incoming calls book industries. 2. Library and have homework information services: Circulation, Collection development, Information and seeking behavior, User education. 3. Information storage and retrieval: Cataloguing, classification and indexing, Information retrieval, Bibliographic databases. 4. Information seeking behavior: Methods of information dissemination, Information sources, Information seeking behavior in different subject, Information use, Information management. 5. Scientific and professional communication: Scientific publication, Citation pattern and structures, Methods of communication. At the end of 2001 centre for information research at university of central England, Birmingham examines the research landscape in LIS domain. They have reviewed LIS research 2002-2005 and recorded potential gaps in LIS research activities.

The survey using questioners covered LIS organizations links public library, universities libraries, schools and colleges, government libraries etc. the the German Reformer survey was focused on 9.kids should have, core areas in LIS. The centre reported that in LIS research domain may be local regional, national and international have a practice or academic focus. Hayns et. al (2000), pointed out that strategic research, basic research, exploratory research, action research, applied research are the major types of research. Strategic research deals with practical applications, basic research relate to theoretical investigation and helps in understanding principals of quotes a mockingbird information management where as exploratory research generate new ideas with practical applications. 9.kids Should Less Homework? Applied research creates applications or products as well as transferable knowledge. Action research covers findings solutions to problems at work places worked of different services in 1984 Stewert felt that research area in incoming LIS.

This covers resources and services, new technologies, management of change, library services, staff skills, literacy, staff motivations etc. thus the should less homework prominent areas in LIS research was predicted was information retrieval, library co-operation, digital resources, information services, preservation and access to knowledge, information providers, public library etc. Till 1995 prominent research was conducted in above areas using different research methods for conducting research in LIS like, historical method, survey method, qualitative, evaluation, action (case) research method, content analysis, citation analysis, bibliometric methods, secondary analysis (Literature review) and experimental research, bibliographic methods etc. The data collection techniques used by free calls, researcher while conducting the study during 1965-1995 mainly covers questioner, observation, interview, content analysis, citation analysis, historical resources analysis and secondary analysis. In UK research conducted mainly in the area public library, library management, user studies, technical processing, information storage and retrieval etc. (Meadows 1994, 1995). Peritz (1977) conducted a study in which analysed research articles published in 39 core journals published during the period 1950-1975 from LIS to find out the publishing trends in have homework the stream.

Author analysed about 900 journals articles and recorded the research trends. Similar study was also performed by Atkins (1988) and he analysed subject trends in LIS research carried out during the period 1975-1984 using questionnaire. The purpose of the dark comedies author in 9.kids should have less homework conducting this study was to find past, present and future trends in LIS research. Atkins in his study presented a table indicating popularity of the subject in which research articles were publish and these were treated as a base to auto essay conduct LIS research. The areas isolated by him are : 1. Library management.

2. 9.kids Should Homework? Information retrieval. 5. Free Calls? Public library. 6. 9.kids Should Have Less Homework? Library automation. 7. Library history. 8. Library finance. 9. Collection development. 10. Information services. 15. Citation studies. 16.

Special libraries. 17. Research libraries. 18. Sampling Techniques For This Marketing Case Essay? Library education. 19. University library. 20. Library building. 21. Special collection. 22. National library. 23. Library security.

The author opined that in developed countries till 1980 traditional concept were considered and since 1980 emphasis was given on latest trends related topics which were in currency like databases, ICT applications. The growth of OCLC, RLIN and WLN gave more attention towards research in the advanced topics and modernization, automation, database developments etc were considered more by the researcher. 'Citation analysis' was the should have homework subject area proved more popular and reported more studies as compared to auto essay other topics in LIS, due to its applications in the field to should have homework manage libraries and provide better services to users and uses in library at its highest potential. Mcnicol and Nankivell (2003), in their study 'The LIS research landscape: A review and prognosis' conducted a survey of research in LIS covering the period in two parts 1997-2002 and 2002-2005. The comparative analysis of the study leads to find out for This Marketing Research Case Essay trends in research in LIS. This study highlighted LIS research landscape to identify trends and analysis as well as the have homework gaps in research. Slewart (1984) in his study prepared a research agenda and indicated few research areas in dark comedies LIS which are not yet considered. 1. 9.kids Should Have? Resources utility and user and services requirement. 2. New technologies. 3. Management change. 4. Library services. 7. Retraining staff.

8. Free Incoming? Restructuring libraries. Sumsion (1994), also focused on the following research topics and also opined that there is a need to work on the current development to get the quicker solution . 1. Library principals. 2. Identify trends. 3. New user needs. 4. New type of services. Pluse and Prythech (1996), studied and analysed LIS research conducted during 1990-1996 and identified few prospective areas like: 1. Operational management. 2. Standards and 9.kids should homework benchmarking. 3. Dark Comedies? Use of internet. 5. Staffing pattern.

Few authors pointed out areas of research conducted in UK, USA during period 1996-2002 after a study and 9.kids should have less reported few of the prominent areas considered more in free incoming developed countries are: 1. Information retrieval. 2. Information skill. 4. Professional development. 7. 9.kids Less Homework? LIS education. 8. User development.

9. Dark Comedies? Electronic services. Thus research conducted in 9.kids should less developed countries during 1996-2002 indicated increasing trends and it was highest since 2001. Further while indicating future research development themes for research activities suggested were, 1. Electronic information. 2. Information policy. 3. Multimedia policy. 4. LIS education. 5. Business information. Electronic resources and information services based on digital media is the need of the quotes to kill a mockingbird time including internet resource management. Few prominent subjects presented to undertake future studies are: 1. Impact of digital resources.

2. Digital library development. 3. ICT and school library. 4. Use of electronic resources. 5. Community building. 6. Controlled vocabulary. 7. Information searching. 10. Semantic web and controlled terminologies.

The editorial of should homework library and Luther, the German Reformer Essay information science research (1997), in which research agenda beyond 2000 was highlighted by Burke and others and focused the areas in LIS research before 1997 and next bilinear were also highlighted. Information seeking and information retrieval, storage and preservation technology, information quality was covered more. Should Less Homework? The opinion of editorial board covers the major topics like economics, manage rising cost of journals, electronic publishing, information retrieval, internets and its impact on auto essay, libraries, bibliographic information resources, library services, quality information services, information need/assessment, managing organizational change due to application of information technology, digital information services, web technology, value added information services are the major core areas to be looked in to 9.kids have 2000 onwards. Samdani (2011), in his article narrated the status of doctoral research in LIS in Pakistan and appended the views indicating the LIS research was started in 1967 from university of Karachi. In Pakistan seven universities and one private university is offering doctoral research programme in LIS. During 1967-1971 only five candidates admitted for research program and only one i.e. M A H Chishti completed his thesis and awarded degree in 1981 entitled 'Islamic libraries (749 AD-1257 AD)'. In 1992 second PhD degree was awarded to Nasim Fatima under the guidance of The Life of Martin Reformer Essay Dr. Jamil Jalibi from university of Karachi entitled 'cataloguing and should homework standardization of Urdu manuscripts'. The third degree awarded to quotes a mockingbird Munira Ansari in 2005 entitled 'Information needs and information seeking behaviour of the media practitioners in Pakistan'. The fourth degree awarded to Shamshad Ahmed in 2009 for entitled 'A study of library and archival record in directorate of Sindh archives Karachi'.

The ongoing research activity involve 13 candidates in research programme and their topics are information generating and handling, health science libraries, news paper library, digital library, library and 9.kids should homework information science education curriculum, reference and information sources etc. It is review that university of Karachi four PhD degrees awarded and 13 ongoing PhD research work. From university of Panjab, Lahor initiated doctoral research program in 1971. First degree awarded in 2004 and second degree awarded in Essay 2005. The topics were funding model in library and collection management in libraries, at present till 2009, three students have submitted the thesis. In university of Sindh research programme started in 2001 first degree awarded in should 2005 and presently four students have registered for ongoing research program and their topics school libraries, college librarianship, user survey/user satisfaction, digital libraries etc. From Islamia University started doctoral program in 1986 and first degree awarded in 1991 for university library and presently three students have registered for PhD ongoing research program. From university of Balochistan only one candidate having registered in 2003. University of Peshawar, Urdu university of Karachi, Hamdard University, Karachi research has been reflected only at initial stage. It is Sampling Techniques for This Marketing Research Case Essay, thus reported that 19 PhD degrees in LIS were awarded during 1964-2010.

From foreign university thus 1964-2010, 28 PhD degrees were awarded in 46 years duration, almost single degree in a twice year. 9.kids Less? During 2004-2010 total ten PhD were declared and this is the real contribution of Pakistan. The topics were covered academic library, collection management, library education, classification, cataloguing, library funding, school library, university library, user education etc. as compared Indian progress is excellent. Miwa (2011), in his article trends in Japanese LIS education is highlighted in free calls which more trace was given on LIS education to 9.kids less homework maintain quality. The problem areas indentified were public library, academic library, special library, research activities, ICT, professional system etc. it has also same educational pattern followed in India i.e. any bachelor degree, bachelor degree in LIS, master degree and doctoral in LIS.

In Sri Lanka (Chamani 2008), the major research covered till 2008 were library professional, library history, publishing, LIS education, Information system, information storage and retrieval, information seeking behaviour etc. The review of racism to kill a mockingbird LIS research in 9.kids have less homework different countries highlighted that till 2005 almost traditional research was focused more but since 2005 more research is covering latest trends in the profession. From the review of India the same picture is reported except the ICT and technology based research initiated since 2009 onwards. 4.21 Research trend in Indian Universities: The research activity in Indian universities is gathering momentum as there is a greater demand for the research in the discipline. During the recent past, quite a number of research activities have been carried out in the universities and research institutions in various parts of the world. In India, due to the establishment of University Grants Commission (UGC), AICTE and other similar bodies and their active support, many students are caring out M. Phil. and PhD degrees. During pre-independence, there were only few doctorate degree holders, but after independence the research output increased drastically in every field. In India about 125 universities and research institutions are offering PhD programs in LIS. Reformer? Many researchers made an effort to collect data from different universities and 9.kids should have analyzed it to fix the research productivity of the various universities in India (Chandrashekara 2009).

The credit for the formal institution of the doctoral degree program in library science in India goes undeniably to Dr. S.R. Ranganathan (1892'1972). In 1951, he started library science education at the University of Delhi. The University of dark comedies Delhi awarded the first de jure degree in library science in 1957 to D.B. Krishan Rao who worked on 'faceted classification for agriculture'(Chandrashekara 2009, Gupta 2010).

Doctoral research remained in the wilderness when Ranganathan shifted to Delhi in 1955. In 1960s and 1970s some doctorates in library related topics were earned by library professionals under the guidance and supervision of faculties belonging to the disciplines such as sociology, history, law, economics, management, and the like. The purpose of reviving and have less homework furthering doctoral research facilities was assumed by J. S. Sharma (1924'1993), the then university librarian and head of the library science department of the Panjab University, Chandigarh. Under his guidance, the second de jure (de jure means devoting something and someone) Ph.D. in free incoming calls library science was awarded in 1977 after a gap of have less homework two decades. Dark Comedies? Many universities followed with mostly individual efforts and enthusiasm and 9.kids have homework doctoral research raised since 1980s and gradual improvement in facilities paved ways for India to maintain its third world leadership in library research and library literature. PhD programs thereafter, mushroomed even despite the lack of Luther, facilities or adherence to standards (Satija 1999, Gupta 2010). Chandrashekara (2009) collected the 9.kids have data from various authorized sources for auto essay, the degrees awarded in Indian universities from 1957 to 2008 in LIS discipline and analyzed in proper manner in his paper. His results indicated that during the period 1957 to 2008 about 802 theses were submitted and awarded the degrees to should less the researchers. From his analysis it is very clear that LIS researches gained momentum since 1991 to Sampling Techniques for This Research Case 2008 and on an average degree awarded per year were 36 and from 1957 to 9.kids have less homework 1990 only 8 per annum average degrees were awarded. Dark Comedies? The drastic change is reported since 2003 onwards and on an average 43 degrees were awarded per year in Indian universities. Even author had grouped decennial growth of research degrees awarded in Indian universities.

The trends resulted from the data presentation indicated that the real growth starts from have less homework 1980 to 2008 and during 1950 to 1979 only dark comedies 15 degrees were awarded. The analysis of degrees awarded in different states and arranging them the top 10 states in India conducted LIS research are Karnataka (169), AP (96), MP (80), MS (58), West Bengal (56), Punjab (45), Orissa (43), UP(42), Rajasthan (41), TN (31) and other states contribution is (141). The analysis made by Chandrashekara and Ramashesh (2009) regarding the research conducted in India during the period 1957-2008 and found that research activity in 9.kids less homework Karnataka state is Sampling Techniques for This Marketing Research, leading and Maharashtra is ranked at less homework, 4th position. The library and information science deals with all aspects of information and knowledge which includes acquisition of materials, classification and cataloguing, searching tools, information retrieval, library services, preservation and conservation of documents and so on. The library and information science closely related to all other subjects.

It forms its own foundation by taking the help of some other subjects. Dr. S. R. Ranganathan is a pioneer in the field of Library and Information Science in the world and India in particular. He contributed in almost all aspects of the of Martin Luther, Reformer Essay library science. Nowadays many university and colleges provides different courses in Library and 9.kids should Information and its related subjects. It ranges from certificate course to PhD. The Life Luther,? The research trends indicated the growth at 9.kids should have homework, global level and also in India. This chapter satisfies the objective 'To study research growth and research trends in LIS and compare it with current developments in LIS'. This chapter summarizes the progress in LIS education, LIS research at global and national level. ' Asundi, A Y and Karisiddappa C R (2007) Library and Information Science Education in India: International perspective with special reference to Developing Countries.

DESIDOC Bulletin of Information Technology Vol. 27(2) March, p.5-11. ' Atkins Stephen E (1988), Subject trends in library and information science research, 1975-1984, Library Trends, Spring, p. 633-658. ' Barman Badan (2012), Library and information science education, Accessed at http://www.netugc.com/library-and-information-science-education-in-india dated on 14.04.2012. ' Burke R M and Who is Payton? others (1998), A research agenda beyond 2000, Library and information science research, Vol. 9.kids Less? 19(3), p. 209-216. ' Chamani G (2008), library and Luther, Essay information science research literature in Sri Lanka: A bibliometric study, journal of the university librarians association of Sri Lanka, Vol. 12. ' Chandrashekara, M and Ramasesh, C P (2009) Library and Information Science Research in India. Asia Pacific Conference on LIS education and should less homework practice, p.530-537.

' Gupta, D K and Bhardwaj, K (2010) Library Management Research in Indian Universities. Annals of Library and Information Studies. Vol. 57(Dec), p.333-338. ' Higgins, S E(2007) LIS education and research area for developing countries. 5th International CALIBER. Punjab University Chandigarh.

8-10 Feb. ' Jarvelin, K. and P. Vakkari. 1993. The evolution of library and information science 1965-1985: a content analysis of journal articles. Information Processing and Management, 29(1): 129-144. ' Joshi Manoj K (2010), Library and information science education in India: Some government initiatives, DESIDOC journal of library and information technology, Vol. 30(5), Sept., p 67-73. ' Kumar PSG (1998), Doctoral studies in library and information science in India: A study, DESIDOC Bulletin of information technology, vol.18(1), p5-9. ' Layzell Ward (1998), Layzell Ward, P. (1997).

The nature of UK research literature: Some thoughts arising from a bibliometric study. Free Incoming Calls? IFLA General Conference in Copenhagen, 1997. Library Theory and 9.kids should have less homework Research Section Open Forum paper accessed at http://ifla.queenslibrary.org/IV/ifla63/63rocm.htm accessed on 12.06.2012. ' McNicol; Sarah and Nankivell, Clare (2003) LIS Researchers and Practitioners: a Research Culture, Library and Information Research News 26(83), pp. 10-16. ' Miwa M et. al. (2011), Global LIS: An effort to describe trends in Japanese LIS education for global collaboration, Asia Pacific conference on Library information education and practice 2011. ' Naukri24 (2012), Library and information science education in India, Accessed at http://www.news24online.com/Library-and-Information-Science-Education-in-India--Options,-Opportunities-and-Places_career24_23.aspx accessed on 14.04.2012. ' Peritz (1981), the methods of library science research: some results from a bibliometric survey, Library Research2, p. 251-268.

' Pluse, John M., and Prythech, Ray (1996), Research in auto essay Public Libraries, Final Report of the Project on Research in Public Libraries, British Library Research and Innovation Report 8, London: BLRIC. ' Rath, P (2010) Information and 9.kids should communication technology - Application in auto essay higher education with special reference to north Eastern region. Located at 9.kids should less homework, www.caluniv.ac.in/news/prabhakar.doc accessed on 23.07.2011. ' Rochester Maxine, and Sampling Vakkari, Pertti (1998), 'International LIS research: A Comparison of National Trends', IFLA Journal 24(3), pp. 9.kids Have Less? 166-175. ' Rochester Maxine K (1995), Library and information science research in Australia 1985-1994. A content analysis of research articles in the Australian Academic and Research Libraries 26, p. 163-170.

' Rochester Maxine K and Vakkari Pertti (2003), International library and information science research: A comparison of national trends, IFLA professional reports, Nr. 82. ' Samdani R A and Bhatti R (2011), doctoral research in LIS by Pakistani professionals: An analysis, Library philosophy and Sampling Techniques for This Marketing Research Case practice, accessed on http://inillibunl.edu/lpp accessed at have less, 25.02.2012. ' Sumsion John (1994) strategic research areas and possible research models for UK public libraries, Library Review, Vol. 43(4), p 7-26. ' Tsuji Keita, Yoshida Yuko and Miva M (2006) Survey on The Life of Martin Luther, Reformer, faculty of Library and Information Science education in Japan, Graduate school of library, Information and should have less homework Media Studies, University of Tsukuba, 2-3, Kasuga, Tsukuba-shi, Ibaraki 305-8550. If this essay isn't quite what you're looking for, why not order your own custom Science essay, dissertation or piece of coursework that answers your exact question?

There are UK writers just like me on hand, waiting to help you. Each of racism a mockingbird us is qualified to a high level in our area of expertise, and we can write you a fully researched, fully referenced complete original answer to 9.kids should have homework your essay question. Just complete our simple order form and you could have your customised Science work in calls your email box, in 9.kids less as little as 3 hours. This Science essay was submitted to us by a student in order to help you with your studies. This page has approximately words. If you use part of this page in your own work, you need to provide a citation, as follows:

Essay UK, Bibliometrics, Citation And Citation Analysis . Available from: http://www.essay.uk.com/free-essays/science/bibliometrics-citation-citation-analysis.php [06-10-17]. If you are the original author of this content and no longer wish to have it published on our website then please click on the link below to request removal: Essay UK offers professional custom essay writing, dissertation writing and coursework writing service. Our work is Techniques Research Case Essay, high quality, plagiarism-free and delivered on time. Essay UK is a trading name of Student Academic Services Limited , a company registered in England and Wales under Company Number 08866484 . Should Have Less? Registered Data Controller No: ZA245894.

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In this essay I am going to discuss social care values and my own personal value base. We live our lives with values and principles and these differ depending on individual backgrounds i.e. Should Have Homework. culture, gender, age and class. Some of the values I live my life by are respect, honesty, being non-judgemental, hard working and grateful. I always. Anthony Giddens , Discrimination , Human rights 1279 Words | 3 Pages. ?Christina Santos ERWC Period 2 October 11, 2014 The Value of Life How should our society assign value to a human . life ? Should people assign a monetary value to a human life ? In excerpts from radically different viewpoints from the optimistic Lance Armstrong to the pessimistic outlook of Hamlet, the tragic events of 9/11, to the cold Human Life Calculator readers are provided with examples on such thought provoking questions. Throughout the years, especially after the tragedy that occurred on September. Human , Humanism , Lance Armstrong 1414 Words | 5 Pages. The Value of Life Human life is one of the few natural rights in free incoming calls, life that cannot be valued by . wealth, or taken in for exchange by any tangible object. Human life is precious and fragile and should be treated as such. Each person's individuality and homework, capability is a prime factor that exemplifies the need humans have to be valued, all life is equivalent, but should be equal in the highest plausible factors.

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1 Values Essay Word Count 1510 Within this essay I would like to show my knowledge and . understanding of values in social care and should homework, how my own personal values link in dark comedies, with them. Should Homework. I will also try and quotes, explain how social care values and personal values may conflict within a care setting. Should Have Less Homework. Then highlighting the importance of dark comedies, confidentiality, anti discriminatory practice and legislation. Values are highly personal concepts that guide peoples reactions to their world. A value is a. Data Protection Act 1998 , Discrimination , International Federation of Social Workers 1681 Words | 5 Pages. This Essay is to explain the Army Values and how they pertain to the mistake I made. In the US army we are taught to live by have less homework the . 7 army values . They are broken down to Essays, us in the acronym ‘LDRSHIP’. Loyalty “Bear true faith and allegiance to the U.S. constitution, the Army, and other soldiers.” Duty “Fulfill your obligations.” Respect “Treat people as they should be treated.” Selfless Service “Put the welfare of the nation, the Army and your subordinates above your own.” Honor “Live. Corporal , Morality , Non-commissioned officer 1012 Words | 3 Pages. believe that my thesis statement is very effective. * 3.Have I included enough details so the should reader can visualize my experience? * The details . included in quotes a mockingbird, my essay should give the have reader a clear view on Techniques my experience. * 4.Are the events presented in a logical sequence? * The events included in my essay are presented in a logical sequence. * 5.Have I used transitions to help the sequence of events flow smoothly? * I have used transitions to help t sequence of.

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What matters most to you. 2008 albums , Future , Mind 778 Words | 3 Pages. My Five Personal Values Values are defined as something that are precious, priceless, meaningful and valued by an individual, . a group of people or an organization. Homework. No matter we are aware of them or not, everyone has his or her fundamental set of values which consist of many different kinds of incoming, values . Everyone is not born with values but these values are built up by those closest to us, by trials, events, and institutions. Each individual’s value system is different from one another because individual’s. Innovation , Integrity , Morality 1654 Words | 3 Pages. The Value of Life Imagine 3,700 children murdered in one day; their bodies torn, bruised, or poisoned. Sadly, this is have no . Sampling Case. sick fantasy, but a procedure called abortion, defined as an operation to end a pregnancy by removing an embryo or fetus from its mother’s womb (“Choose” sec 1). In the United States alone, approximately 1.37 million abortions occur per year.

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Human capital , Labor theory of Who is Walter Essays, value , Meaning of life 1525 Words | 5 Pages. Topic: Food In The Cafeteria Should Be Healthy Type of essay : Persuasion Introduction: Introduction Sentence: Parents spend a . lot of time keeping their children healthy but at a young age, they start school and many schools n lot of should have homework, time keeping their children healthy but at a young age, they start school and many schools now a days have cafeterias. Cafeteria , Greek loanwords , Rhetoric 861 Words | 5 Pages. The loss of a human life is very important, not only is it an Payton? Essays ethical issue but it is also an economic one. The incident that occurred on 9.kids should less homework the . busy street where a person was involved in Sampling Techniques Marketing, a fatal accident was crucial and critical for less the local government.

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drinking and posing funny styles. She fears that if such photos are seen by her working mates who are younger and others older than her, they will not be . taking her seriously. She contributes that she does not have any problem exposing her personal life to her fellow teens. Racism Quotes A Mockingbird. It is should a normal phenomenon for her to post her newest fashion on her facebook profile for other teenagers to have a look at. Ms. Liu is auto essay not only concerned about her looks and reputation but also her sisters, she had asked her sister. 20th century , 2nd millennium , Change 1749 Words | 5 Pages. Antigone: Views and 9.kids should have less, Values Essay In Sophocles’ ‘Antigone’, set in the city of Argos in Ancient Greece, Antigone lives through . the momentous providence from defying law for the sake of her family. Through Creon, who rules as a tyrannical misogynist, Sophocles symbolizes the concepts of autocracy and the solidity of dark comedies, fate which is inevitable and the prime religion of the Ancient Greeks and gods would have no plod in it. This expounds that Sophocles, is a man of authority, power and conviction.

Sophocles. Ancient Greece , Antigone , Creon 1143 Words | 3 Pages. cessation of all vital functions in a living creature; it is the end of life . Monism is the belief that the body and soul are one entity. . Aristotle, for 9.kids less homework example, spoke of the body and soul being a harmony. For Aristotle, the soul is form: it is free incoming a non-physical aspect of humans, which allows the should have homework body to achieve its potential, and racism quotes a mockingbird, without the body, the soul would be of no use as it would be unrecognisable. It is possible to base a theory of life after death on a monistic position.

John Hick refers to humans. Death , Heaven , Life 1670 Words | 5 Pages. one should assign value to life . Many individuals decide with their emotions, especially when they are assigning . value to a loved one. People live in should, this world where standards are made, where everyone has to meet those standards in order to be accepted. Although we all have our different ideas of life , everyone tries to be accepted. Everyone plays a role, and even though someone isn’t famous, he or she would still have the ability to make a difference. The things one does in racism, life , how one is able.

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People’s success in life may depend on to kill how much self-respect (self-esteem, self-regard) they have. Homework. How will having (or not having) self-respect help (or hinder) students in their academic pursuits? Discuss two or three ways self-respect (or the lack of it) can affect students'. Computer , Computer program , Database management system 1132 Words | 4 Pages. _____________________________________ Date ________________________________ Period ___ My Dream Life Essay Due Date: Typed . final drafts are due on _______________________ at the beginning of the period.

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Business ethics , Ethics , Leadership 1887 Words | 7 Pages. Value of Human Life in Utopian Society. Value of Human Life in auto essay, Utopian Society Sir Thomas More's depiction of should have homework, a supposedly perfect society in Utopia portrays a . quasi-socialist community that has grown under ideal conditions into racism quotes to kill a mockingbird a successful and should less, working country. It is a society that is drastically different from any society in history, both in the past or present. Auto Essay. While the principals of the society may be very similar to 9.kids should have, those espoused by The Life of Martin Luther, communist doctrine, in should have less homework, practice they have worked out dark comedies, successfully which we know was not the. Conscience , Dystopia , Human 951 Words | 3 Pages. 2011 The Value of Life Essay When it comes to assigning value to human life many . people decide with their emotions, especially when they are assigning value to a loved one. Currently, our society uses the human life calculator to assign value to life . I don’t believe we should use this method because it is based on how much money the 9.kids have person makes, if they have a spouse, and to kill, the number of children they have. Should Less. I believe that the human life calculator is an imprecise way to quotes a mockingbird, value human life . 9.kids Should Have Less. I think. Africa , Human , Humans 610 Words | 2 Pages. The Value of life essay Generation after generation of The Life Luther, Reformer, societies change as time goes on.

Maybe not so much . the society itself, but the people in 9.kids should have, it do. The value of of Martin the German Reformer Essay, life now differs depending on the different kinds of experiences people go through. We will all have different obstacles in our life , but the way we get through them and live to tell the tale is the way life should be valued for. 9.kids Homework. In It’s not about the bike: My journey back to life , an autobiography by Lance Armstrong, he is a. Afterlife , Death , Life 410 Words | 2 Pages. Values Pamela Dyer Southern New Hampshire University Policy, Law, ethics NUR480 Professor S. Butler February 26, 2015 Values . Our values define who we are. They are the fundamental beliefs that guide our actions and Sampling Techniques Marketing Research Case Essay, behavior.

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Bible , Book of Genesis , Happiness 892 Words | 3 Pages. The Essay “Luka and have, the Fire of Life ” is a nove written by Salman Rushdie. The novel is about a twelve year old boy named . Techniques Essay. Luka Khalifa, and should have less, his father, Rushid Khalifa. His father had fallen into a very deep coma, hearing nothing and no one. Luka met a holographic version of calls, his father, named Nobodaddy. Nobodaddy knows the should have less only method to retrieve Luka’s father back to life , or awaken him. He has to calls, steal the fire of life from the world of magic. Luka, Nobodaddy, his pet bear and dog set forth.

Curse , Father , God 1009 Words | 3 Pages. ?Adam Simon May 8, 2014 Baldwin Period 7 Honors Biology Human Life Extension There are many different pros and 9.kids have, cons of genetically engineering . the human lifespan. Some argue that if the average lifespan were to dark comedies, be increased, it would lead to the overpopulation of the world, resulting in risen poverty levels and damage to the environment. With the 9.kids homework effect of living long, some people could be in terrible health conditions for many years without dying, in which they would no longer want to live. This. Aging , Death , Gerontology 1032 Words | 4 Pages.

ENG4U-01 April 13th, 2013 Life of auto essay, Pi: Quest or Enlightenment Over the 9.kids have course of this unit, I have read the so called “ life . changing” novel “The Life of Pi” by Luther, the German Essay Yann Martel. This work of art happens to 9.kids have less, be a national best seller and has collected many literature awards. Piscine Molitor Patel, the young Indian protagonist is faced with a traumatic set of events which developed into a marvelous story of a castaway’s voyage, in the heart of the Pacific Ocean. This essay will discuss the essential factors. Canada Reads , Canongate Books , Life of Pi 1685 Words | 4 Pages. Karen Ramirez Pre-IB English/ Mr. Ratner 3/1/10 6th period Word count: 862 Life of calls, Pi Essay Many people that are religious . 9.kids Have. look to God for guidance and comfort. Especially in disastrous situations.

In Yann Martel’s novel, Life of Sampling Techniques for This Marketing Case, Pi, the theme of will to should less homework, survive is presented and demonstrated as having faith, letting animal instincts take over, and determination. Pi keeping his faith shows how strong his faith in dark comedies, God is. He discusses some Hindu symbolism to describe how insignificant he feels. Atheism , God , Instinct 891 Words | 3 Pages. Product Life Cycle: Definition: Products come and 9.kids have less homework, go. A company’s challenge is to hold on Payton? Essays to its customers longer than it holds on to its . products. It needs to watch the 9.kids have homework market life cycle and the customer life cycle more than the product life cycle.

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Academic degree , Bachelor of Science in Nursing , High school 1476 Words | 4 Pages. Comprehensive Life Plan By Meganne Standal Meganne Standal APOU101 Momentum (03) FA1 2012 18 September 2012 Comprehensive . Life Plan I spent my high school years dreaming of places I wanted to see, things I wanted to do, and people I wanted to meet. After graduation reality set in and I realized I abused my time in high school, making it difficult for me to transition into 9.kids have less adult hood. I thought of what I was going to quotes, do rather than how I was going to get there; I could not have been more. Franklin Planner , Future , Happiness 1169 Words | 3 Pages. KEY VALUES Narrative Essay . Three important values that I hold, are hard work, family, and friendship. These are values that I think will make life better and should less homework, easier for a person.

They make me feel secure and prepared for the future. Without these values I probably wouldn’t care about anything at all. The Values that you develop as you go threw life determine what kind of. 2006 singles , 2007 singles , 2008 singles 596 Words | 3 Pages.

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african mask essay Early to mid 20th century. Provenance: From a private Rhode Island Collection. THIS MASK IS NO LONGER IN MY COLLECTION, it has been sold on 9.kids have less www.RandTribal.com. masks in the same style are quite rare. Black Punu masks are linked to a judiciary process such as searching for witches, an enquiry into. a crime, or a trial by poison. masks represent angry spirits, and it is Essays therefore considered potentially dangerous to handle them. According to Perrois (1979: 235) the. black patina on Punu masks is presumably an index of its more serious or darker role in judiciary services, potentially condemning the. living, whereas Punu masks layered in white kaolin are used in celebrations and funerary ceremonies, where the white surface marked. them as ushers of the other world. As with the white-faced masks they are found in different forms: hairstyles with double shells, rounded. central shells or flattened transverse shells and are found with linear or dotted scarification. for reference purposes. #8226; Musee Dapper, Paris, ex-coll. S. Less! Chauvet. H.: 28 cm. #8226; Musee Dapper, Paris. Sampling Marketing Research Case! H.: 27 cm. #8226; Musee du quai Braniy, Paris, ex-coll. A. Fourquet, M. de Vlaminck. H.: 30 cm. #8226; Coll.

Arman. H.: 30,5 cm (Also pictured further down in this page) #8226; Coll. B. Dulon, before 1927 H.: 32 cm. #8226; Museum of Science, Buffalo (49117). Homework! H.: 26cm Private coll., Paris. H.: 29 cm. #8226; Musee des Beaux-Arts, Dijon (DG 691). H.: 30 cm. #8226; Ex-coll. Kerchache, Tara Gillon. H.: 33 cm. Racism To Kill A Mockingbird! #8226; Musee Barbier-Mueller, Geneva 11019), 1939. H.: 26 cm.

#8226; British Museum, London |AF 27-245]. 9.kids Should Less! H.: 28,5 cm. #8226; Institute of The Life the German Essay Art, Detroit |69460|. H.: 28,3 cm. #8226; Coll. Simonis. H.: 32 cm. #8226; Coll. Bellier, ex-coll. Palles. H.: 24 cm. #8226; Sotheby's New York, 14/11/1995, lot 58. H : 26 cm. 9.kids Have Homework! #8226; Musee Dapper, Paris, ex-coll.

Ration. Incoming! H.: 30cm. Less! Wood, polychrome; H. 30.5 cm. Formerly in the Tranpisch Collection. Formerly in the A. Fourquet Collection. #8212; L. Perrois, Arts du Gabon, 1979, no.

264. #8212; A. Fourquet, Chefs-d'oeuvres de 1'Afrique: les masques pounou, L'Oeil, April 1982. SALE N08029 AUCTION DATE 11 Nov 04. Lot Sold. Hammer Price with Buyer's Premium: 28,800 USD. height 11 1/4 in. 28.5cm. of overall graceful proportions and hollowed, oval form, the The Life, protruding demi-lune lips beneath. the naturalistic nose framed by squinting eyes, arching brows and ears folded forword, the. forehead with a deeply serrated medial ridge and should have less homework, wearing a striated coiffure in a crested topknot. framed by Sampling Techniques Research delicate tresses, the whole surrounded by a flange at the perimeter; fine blackened. and slightly encrusted patina. Madame Schwob, Brussels. Merton D. Simpson Gallery, New York, May 1974.

Tervuren, Musee Royal de l'Afrique Centrale, Art d'Afrique dans les Collections Belges, June 29. Less Homework! - October 30, 1963, catalogue number 768. The so-called black Punu masks are rare, with masks of this exceptional quality limited to less. To Kill! than a dozen. For related black Punu masks see Perrois (1979: figure 258) for should homework a mask formerly. in the Helena Rubinstein Collection; (ibid.: figure 264) for another; (ibid.: figure 270) for one. formerly in the Vlaminck Collection; Roy (1992: figure 101) for one in the Stanley Collection; Robbins and Nooter (1989: 353, figure 915) for one in the Albright-Knox Art Gallery, Buffalo; (ibid.: 355, figure 920) for racism to kill a mockingbird another in the Mnuchin Collection. of similar refinement and quality, said to be modeled after beautiful women in the community. Should Have Less! According to Perrois (1979: 235) the black patina on Punu masks is presumably an index of its. more serious or darker role in judiciary services, potentially condemning the free calls, living, whereas. 9.kids Should Less Homework! Punu masks layered in kaolin are used in celebrations and funerary ceremonies, where the white.

surface marked them as ushers of the incoming, other world. Galerie J. Germain, Montreal. Private collection Paris. Ex Alain de Monbrison Gallery. Musee Dapper, Paris. frequently in 9.kids should, collections outside of Africa, black masks in the same style are quite. rare. Perrois suggests that the difference in incoming, color may indicate a change in. function. Among the Galoa and the Ivili of the lower Ngounie River, white okouyi. initiation masks are painted black to transform them temporarily into judgement. masks with the power to discover witches (Perrois 1979:253). features are smooth, round, and 9.kids should have homework, naturalistic, with protuberant, crescent-shaped. eyes; a large, domed forehead; delicate, slightly puckered lips; and racism quotes a mockingbird, a beautiful. masks whose distinctive style has often been compared to the no masks of Japan.

Most of. these masks from the 9.kids should homework, Equatorial Forests have white faces with brilliant red lips and often. Techniques Marketing Research Case Essay! nine diamond-shaped scars on the forehead. The eyes are bulging half-moons. A number. of different elaborate hairstyles are represented. 9.kids Should Have Less Homework! Himmelheber (1960: ill. Who Is Walter Payton? Essays! p.309) indicated that the masks are worn by men who dance on. stilts and carry a whip. Should Have Less! They represent the spirit of a dead woman returned from the land. of the dead. The Swedish missionary Efraim Andersson saw a similar mask in Zanaga. village in the Kota area; there the mask was used in funeral ceremonies and in an. Who Is Walter Essays! ancestral cult (Andersson 1953: 346). Several early reports state that the masks belong.

to a society called mukui. beauty (the horizontal lines between nostrils and ears represent small chains worn as. jewelry in the area) white is the color of death. ART MODERNE CONTEMPORAIN, ARTS DECORATIFS DU XXE SIECLE, ART AFRICAIN ET LIVRES MODERNES. SALE PF4098 AUCTION DATE 18 Jul 04 2:00 PM. [A PUNU/TSANGUI MASK, GABON] Lot Sold. Hammer Price with Buyer's Premium: 7,200 EUR. haut.

30 cm, 11 3/4 in. Ce masque constitue un tres bel exemple du style developpe en pays Tsangui, a la frontiere du Gabon et du Congo. Should Less! Le visage inscrit dans un. ovale regulier est orne des scarifications caracteristiques, une longue bande horizontale parcourant le milieu du visage, une autre, en T inverse, gravee sur le haut front bombe. Les traits sont sculptes avec une grande finesse, la ligne des yeux plisses et fendus repondant a celle fortement. arquee des sourcils. La haute coiffure en dome ajoute au tres grand equilibre formel de ce masque. Condition Note: Legers eclats de surface.

This mask constitutes a very beautiful example of the style developed in dark comedies, Tsangui country, at the border of Gabon and Congo. The face registered. in a regular oval is decorated characteristic scarifications, a long horizontal band traversing the medium of the face, another, in T reversed, engraved on the high face curvature. 9.kids Should Less Homework! The features are carved with a large smoothness, the line of the folded and split eyes answering that strongly. arched of the eyebrows. Quotes! The haute coiffure in dome adds to the very great formal balance of this mask. The face, in should less, the white beginning, was. coated with a brown juice, as well as the interior of the mask. Merton Simpson, New-York. Reproduit dans Quelques Impressions d'Afrique, Chateau Notre-Dame des Fleurs, Vence, 1996, p. 287. Wood and Who is Walter Payton? Essays, pigment.

Ex-coll J. Should Have Less! Mueller. Musee Barbier-Mueller, Geneva (inventory # 1019.30) The Arman Collection. SALE NY7473 AUCTION DATE 19 May 00 10:15 AM. ESTIMATE 30,000#8212;40,000 USD. Lot Sold. Hammer Price with Buyer's Premium: 45,600 USD. Walter! height 12 in. (31.8cm.) of hollowed oval form, and 9.kids less homework, pierced along the rim for Who is Payton? Essays attachment, the protruding diamond-shaped face with raised pursed lips. and slit coffee bean eyes set deeply beneath the arching brows, the domed forehead beneath a tripartite coiffure, and 9.kids less homework, framed. by semicircular ears protruding to The Life Luther, the German Reformer, the sides; exceptionally fine encrusted kaolin patina on the face and encrusted blackened. patina on the coiffure; collection reference no.

7. Acquired from George Vidal, Paris, 1968. Brussels, Salles du Theatre National de Belgique, Arts Primitifs, 14 April-5 June, 1971. Brussels, SocietE Generale de Banque, Masques du Monde, 28 June-31 July, 1974. Brussels, Centre Culturel du Credit Communal de Belgique, Arts Premiers d'Afrique Noire, 5 March-17 April, 1977. Claerhout, Arts Primitifs, 1971:no. 40, not illustrated. Dorisinfang-Smets, Masques du Monde, 1974:no. 69. Guimiot, Arts Premiers d'Afrique Noire, 1977:83. some had scarification and others did not. Although women with scarification were admired for their strength in 9.kids, enduring this. process, it was not a universal practice.

See Rijksmuseum Kroller-Muller, Sculpture from Africa and Research Case Essay, Oceania (1990: no. 57) for. another fine example without scarification. SALE PF5006 AUCTION DATE 06 Jun 05 5:00 PM. Should Have Less Homework! EXCEPTIONNEL MASQUE, PUNU, GABON. [An exceptional Punu mask, Gabon] Lot Sold. Free! Hammer Price with Buyer's Premium: 594,400 EUR. 9.kids Have Less! Le visage, au modele tres raffine, est sculpte sous un large front surmonte d'une coiffe a coques multiples disposees en. etoile, les extremites recourbees sur le pourtour du visage.

Tres grande delicatesse dans la gravure des traits : sourcils. en leger relief, ombres, yeux « en grain de cafe » quasiment clos, paupieres a peine gonflees et fendues selon une. courbe tres tendue ; orbites en leger creux determinant des pommettes bien marquees, nez a l#8217;arete fine, bandeau. Auto Essay! frontal a decor finement strie. La bouche se distingue par sa facture remarquable, levres etirees vers l#8217;avant, delicatement ourlees, legerement ouverte, laissant entrevoir a la fois la langue et les dents - les incisives superieures. limees en biseau. L'usure dans l'enduit de kaolin (pembe) laisse apparaitre un bois clair. Rehauts rouge fonce sur les. Homework! levres et les scarifications a douze ecailles, et noir sur la coiffe. Excellent etat de conservation. The face, with modelled very refined, is carved under a broad overcome face of a cap with multiple hulls laid out out of. star, the ends bent on the circumference of the face. Very great delicacy in the engraving of the features: eyebrows in. light relief, ombres, eyes in almost closed coffee bean, eyelids hardly inflated and Who is, split according to a very tended. 9.kids Should Less! curve; orbits in of Martin Luther, Reformer, light hollow determining of the well marked knobs, noses with the fine edge, frontal scarification with. finely striated decoration. The mouth is characterized by its remarkable invoice, lips stretched forwards, delicately. hemmed, the slightly open one, showing the possibility for at the same time the language and the teeth - the upper. incisors filed in bevel. Wear in should less homework, the kaolin coating (pembe) lets appear a clear wood.

Appreciations dark red on dark comedies the lips. and scarifications with twelve scales, and black on 9.kids should the cap. Excellent state of conservation. Collecte dans la region de Mouila par le Dr. F., medecin de l'ecole de Sante navale, specialiste des maladies tropicales. Conserve depuis par la famille. From 1927 to free, 1930 Dr. 9.kids Have! F was attached to the Pasteur Lambarene Institute, where he became acquainted with Dr. Schweitzer, who also worked in Gabon.

It was likely that during this period Dr. F collected this mask. coiffure. According to Perrois (personal communication, March 2005), #8220; even if it is rarely to be seen in statuary and. Free Incoming! masks of this type, the treatment of the coiffure and the carving on the face are not unknown in less homework, the South Gabon region. where it was first found. The #8220;multiple shell#8217;s over lapping the face and the same type of coiffure have been seen in the. Eshira tribe as well as in the Punu, the Lumbu and of Martin Luther, the German Essay, the Tshogo tribes, in regions stretching from the Fougamo region in.

Gabon, the Mouila and Mimongo, in the mountains of Mayombe, the hills of the high Ngounie, all the way to the edge of. 257 and 38). According to Felix (1995 Annexes), this coiffure could come from the should have less, ancient Bayaka of Loango (the #8220; pre Punu#8217;s#8221;) as would be suggested by the appearance of the yaa style statues from Congo Brazzaville or the Lumbu. #8220;fetish#8221; from the Gabonese/Congo coastal region (from Mayoumba to Pointe - Noire). with a chamfered edge, an old tradition in the south of Gabon, notably in the in the Mayombe region (border of. keloids (each motif is supposed to represent one of the twelve original tribes in the Punu-Bayaka tradition) suggests an. Racism Quotes To Kill A Mockingbird! origin in the region south of have Mouila, towards Ndende or Tchibanga, near to the mountain chain of Mayombe, according. the Perrois (idem.). the patina, reflecting great age the for This Marketing Research Essay, shape of the mouth#8212;of an #8216;ancient#8217; type according to Perrois (ibid.), also seen on a. mask from the Chambon collection, Geneva, collected in 1905 by Francois Coppier (Perrois, 1979:242, ill. 257). Compare also with another mask from the collection of Andre Lhote, in the collection of the 9.kids should have less homework, Dapper Museum, Paris. (Dapper, 1995:87). This second mask shows a similar striated band across the brow. the rarity of the of Martin Luther, the German Reformer, type, and the exceptional beauty of less homework this mask, make is highly unique.

One can note specifically the. dynamic modelling of the face as well as the calls, plastic qualities. The artist has carved the face in very light relief, giving an. expression of great serenity. of Monique Koumba-Manfoumbi, 1987 and Alisa Lagamma, 1995. The masks serve in should less homework, both community rituals and. important events of the incoming, village. In certain cases, the masked dancers, perched on stilts, ritually confront each other at. important discussions, each aided by his followers, to insist the should less homework, point of view of one group onto quotes to kill a mockingbird the other. genderless attribute, signifies peace, the dieties, the homework, spirts of the dead, and the afterlife. The domed forehead, high cheek bones, delicately etched eyes, high arched eyebrows, beautiful coiffure, and streamlined chin all represent feminine beauty of the dark comedies, Punu people. The scarification arranged in a lozenge on the forehead and 9.kids should have less homework, the the Who is Walter Payton? Essays, hair style similar to 9.kids should, a. bivalve shell are also feminine attributes.

It is said that the scarification has sexual meaning, an Techniques Marketing Research, arguement that supports that that these masks are female representations. Those. without sarification are said to be male. The lozenge generally is made up of nine fish. scales. To the 9.kids less homework, Punu people, the number nine in incoming calls, multiples of three has symbolic meaning, reoccuring in many rituals and ceremonies. The details of the carving are magnificant, showing excellent carving techniques. Click on the images to view this mask in more detail.

One interpretation states that the incised line between the nose and 9.kids should have, the ears represents a. decorative chain of jewelry. Quotes! covering his entire body made of skins and raffia. The dancer tilts this mask forwardand. preforms acrobatic tricks on 9.kids have less homework the stilts, carrying a whip of dried grasses in each hand,creating. unusual sounds. Dark Comedies! As this dancer towers over 9.kids have less homework, his spectators, he is said to be dancing between. the living world and the world of the ancestors. Free Incoming Calls! (Seiber and homework, Walker 80) (Ray) (Perrois) The White Masks of of Martin Essay South Gabon in the magazine ART TRIBAL - number 8 (part 1) and number 9 (part 2)

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Career Trend 2011: Accountability + Possibility = Sustainability. By Jacqui Barrett-Poindexter. In collaboration with my colleague and co-coordinator, Miriam Salpeter, and 9.kids have less homework the entire Career Collective blogging membership, I’m delighted to The Life of Martin the German Essay roll-out my first 2011 blog post. The topic that we are blogging on this month is, things job seekers should keep an eye on in 2011 (trends/tools/hiring practices). Please follow the Twitter hashtag, #CareerCollective.

I have included links to my colleagues’ posts at the end of this article. It’s tornadic – the should less homework career destruction wrought by Marketing, the last couple of years’ economic storms. Careers (and egos) were dismantled and flung about like rag dolls, and many are still in the throes of reconstruction. I firmly believe these same careers will resurface with stronger foundations and should homework greater-than-ever sustainability. While 2011 may — or may not — be the Payton? Essays transformative year for total global jobs recovery, we have our economic feet planted in the fertile ground of homework recovery and hope. It’s our job now to water and cultivate the soil to create and perpetuate shoots of dark comedies green. The Onus Is on You and Me. The onus for nurturing this turnaround extends beyond lofty governmental and corporate initiatives. Should Have! Creating a new course and building momentum rests squarely on the shoulders of auto essay us as individuals. The trend for 9.kids should have less, 2011 career success likely will be founded on of Martin Luther, the German effective career plan execution. 9.kids Have Less! Think about what that means, though.

Executing a plan, an idea or a project is not just seamlessly rolling out Walter Essays a red carpet after it’s been woven. A plan is a pattern, and execution is the 9.kids should have less homework intricate weaving together of the threads of that pattern to auto essay create that red-carpet result. “Planning is intellectual fun, with no responsibilities. Execution is all about 9.kids should work and there’s lots of responsibility.” As a careerist in job search you may relate to the invigorating aspect of ramping up a strategic career plan. You comb through books, you read dozens of career experts’ articles and/or you hire a career coach and resume strategist to help you plot out racism quotes your next career steps. Step by 9.kids, step, milestone marker by milestone marker you begin maneuvering, becoming increasingly jazzed about the dark comedies possibilities. This is should less, a good thing, as you are accruing positive energy that will fuel your initiative to move forward with and execute the plan.

Surround Yourself With a Career Support Team. Because of the complexity and dark comedies unending nature of strategic career plan execution, even moreso now than ever before, the should have homework trend for careerists is to create and free calls sustain your career consortium of career strategists and coaches, career mentors, career accountability partners and career colleagues necessary to support you and promote your evolving story toward competing with, or even better, outperforming the competition. Members of your career team will not only should have less homework partner with you to build that plan, but they will hold you accountable for execution. They will urge, guide and shepherd you through the career facilitation maze that relies on intellect, online and offline resources to drive you to your destination. Realize, too, that execution, in Sampling Techniques Marketing Case addition to being ongoing and never ending, also is 9.kids have less homework, a mix of both planning and execution. According to Bock: “Recognize that the Sampling Techniques Case planning doesn’t end when you produce the plan. Less Homework! Adaptation in the face of reality completes the plan.” Bock describes the production of a plan as a victory, while also asserting that, “execution never ends.”

This, I believe is key to effective career management in 2011 and beyond –- continuous execution of both small- and large-scale career plans, depending upon your situation, the change you personally are undergoing in your career, or the changes in the economic and business climate in which you subsist. As well, realize that your career is a living, breathing organism that must be continuously fed, nurtured and exercised, for career eternity. You must continually execute! The trend for careerists to free incoming calls tap online and social media resources, venues and tools will continue. 9.kids! The online aspects of job search will no longer be considered an option, but a requirement. Google yourself — if you cannot be found, then you simply don’t exist. It’s time, in 2011, to change that! You must be visible; you must promote; you must engage.

Check Out These Career Tools and Resources. The good news is you have a plethora of resources and tools to help propel you and your career goals to new heights and to assist you, and dark comedies your career team, in the career sustainability process. Following are websites to support you as you devise your career search plans and strategies, research companies and potential job opportunities and look for social media platforms to share your evolving career resume stories. Hopefully these sites will help you not only in should the planning and execution stages of job search, but throughout your career lifetime. Social Media Sites (Where You Should Publish Your Career Story)

Research Sites (Where You Can Look Into Prospective Companies, Discover Your Job Search Target and/or Equip Yourself for Interviews) Professional Resume Writer and Career Coach Sites (These directories list folks who are paid to keep abreast of current career trends. Heed the adage, you get what you pay for, and invest in yourself this way — it may not only of Martin Luther, the German Reformer Essay be the difference between getting a job and not getting a job, but also may be the key to cinching the dream job of a lifetime.) Career and should homework Leadership Website and The Life of Martin Reformer Essay Blogging Hubs That Collect the Best of the Best Career Advice. A Few Value-add Sites (many of these also are listed on my blogroll) Bottom Line Trend for should have, 2011: To continue the career rebuilding process with accountability and possibility. Sampling Techniques Marketing Case! Many folks, whether entrepreneurs or careerists employed by a company have experienced the impact of the 9.kids have less economic crash. Of Martin The German Reformer! Whether you’ve been downsized, laid off, let go, reorganized and refit into a new role or have seen your role balloon to twice the should homework size it once was in order to absorb the auto essay duties of your laid off colleague, you can turn your situation around, starting today.

It may feel that you are constantly doing more with less, so reach out and engage the people and have homework the tools to quotes to kill a mockingbird lighten the load in ways you didn’t ever expect. Realize your new potential in a new world! Please read what my colleagues wrote: Great post. Yesterday, I took in the #triennial design exhibit at the Cooper Hewitt in less homework New York. It’s a fantastic exhibit that highlights the need for Techniques Case, sustainability and green initiatives. Job seekers curious in green may like these links from the site: Thanks for sharing, Master Resume Writer says. Thanks Chandlee. Glad you enjoyed the post.

I’ll definitely take a peek at that link! Love this! Wally Bock’s quotes are so true and appropriate! Career management is about heightened personal accountability! Those who have transitioned over the past 2 years understand this more than anyone and I hope they will heed the warning and invest in on-going accountability! As always, your post is a wonderful read jam-packed with helpful resources at the end!

Master Resume Writer says. “Heightened personal accountability” = I like that! Good point about ‘heeding the warning’ and investing going forward. It’s never too late to 9.kids should have learn from our challenging (sometimes painful) experiences. So glad you stopped by, Hannah. The Life Of Martin Luther, The German Reformer Essay! You are always supportive and wonderful to collaborate with.

What a great list of useful resources! Thanks for the shout-out to MATRIX! Happy New Year. Master Resume Writer says. My pleasure, Adam! Happy New Year back your way. What an 9.kids should have homework, amazing toolkit-survival kit for job seekers coupled with a wonderfully optimisitc message: “the transformative year for to kill a mockingbird, total global jobs recovery” is in 9.kids have less homework the offing and within our grasp IF we simply forge ahead and do the work. Your message of forming a collaborative team to help with planning and building momentum is something so often missed.

You lead by example by auto essay, quoting Wally Bock and offering an eye-popping list of resources, beautifully organized. Thank you so much for including my Business Fitness blog as a valuable information source. To be part of should less homework this impressive group is humbling! A fabulous post, Jacqui! Master Resume Writer says. I love the term “toolkit-survival kit” for job seekers! Thank you! It seems that conjoining tough messages with optimistic overtones is a trait we share. Auto Essay! I so enjoy and am invigorated by your messages of strength and resolve over at the Business Fitness blog! Weekly, I learn about and 9.kids am reminded of dark comedies truths and opportunities that I can share with my clients and apply to my own business as well.

Thanks, again, for stopping by and for being a part of the business (and friendship) team I rely upon. This is a great bookmarkable resource – thank you for collating such a wide range of useful information. Huge added value! Master Resume Writer says. I appreciate the “great bookmarkable resource” remark and glad you found it a value-add! Your blog is should have, one that I will continue to recommend to clients and peers, for dark comedies, years to less homework come.

Excellent list, Jacqui! And thank you for listing me in Value-add as well as your blogroll. Walter Essays! I absolutely loved this concept, so well verbalized in your paragraph: “This, I believe is 9.kids have less homework, key to a mockingbird effective career management in 2011 and beyond –- continuous execution of both small- and large-scale career plans, depending upon your situation, the change you personally are undergoing in your career, or the changes in the economic and business climate in which you subsist.” We are both in the career marketing field and perhaps a bit biased but I would not want to 9.kids have be a job seeker who is trying to go it alone today. Every job seeker needs a qualified partner who understands the challenges of Sampling Marketing Case Essay today’s job search. Thank you for saying it so well!

Master Resume Writer says. Thanks for highlighting the concept that most resonated with you! I felt so much passion in should less homework writing that line – it was visceral. Quotes To Kill! After 14 years in less homework the business and seeing so much joy (and heartache) by job seekers and careerists undergoing transition, upheavals and breakthroughs, I KNOW the value a “qualified partner who understands the challenges of today’s job search” can provide! Thanks for dark comedies, weaving your words and passion into this thread and joining me in touting a bit of 9.kids should less our bias [biases are generally founded on racism some sort of “reason,” though, and knowing your deep business and 9.kids less careers history, I KNOW your reasons are valid, as you have witnessed the incoming same collaborative (and positive) results with your clients as I have.]

Great post Jacqui! I really appreciate your comment: “The onus for nurturing this turnaround extends beyond lofty governmental and corporate initiatives. Creating a new course and building momentum rests squarely on 9.kids less homework the shoulders of us as individuals.” Many people are waiting for auto essay, the economy to should have less improve, for someone to find their resume and offer a job, or for auto essay, something else externally to happen for them to get their career going again. The onus, rather, truly is on us as individuals! You gave a great list of resources and ideas to should have homework get them going. I’m flattered to be included in auto essay your referrals. Thanks for another post that adds real value to those seeking help in their job search and careers! Master Resume Writer says.

It’s helpful to know which parts of the 9.kids have post most resonated with others. Thanks for pinpointing what you liked. The idea, as you say, of waiting for these “external” actions to happen to get one’s career going again can paralyze people. It’s not easy, sometimes, to take the reins of one’s career, but with all of the valuable resources (like those you provide in your blog) to help lift people from career stagnancy (and/or pain) to a better place, it’s definitely do-able! Sometimes, even, careerists land in a BETTER place than they were originally – not only auto essay surviving, but thriving! Thanks for 9.kids should, your value-add comment, Harry, Wonderful post, Jacqui! Yes! “The onus is on you and auto essay me.” I agree completely, and it’s so nice to see it stated that way. Government, no matter how well-intentioned and well-run it may (or may not) be, can only do basic stuff. We need to work on what we can do to help, and the rest will follow.

Thanks for including Job-Hunt in your list! Master Resume Writer says. “We need to work on what we can do to help, and the rest will follow.” I love that, and it’s a good reminder. It reminds me of an 9.kids have less homework, idea I espouse: “the importance of gaining traction” – get going, doing and Who is Essays just “move;” amazing how things fall in place if we put forth the energy and focused attention. Glad to include your hearty Job-Hunt resource in the list, Susan! Thanks for applying some of my thoughts in a whole new way.

What a wonderful and have less homework helpful post. Master Resume Writer says. Thanks Wally, for being so open to dark comedies my tapping your “thoughts” this way. Homework! I’ve always embraced the value of “executing,” and many of my executive resume clients beat the drum of the value in their executing and not “just” strategizing. The idea fits so neatly into job search strategy/execution. As I wrote this post, I kept drawing back to your words, until suddenly, they became a critical thread of the entire message. Thanks for the inspiration and word fuel! Very relevant post, Jacqui! You’ve assembled a value-added list of resources for today’s job seeker. The recommendation to surround yourself with a career support team is smart advice to complete both the a mockingbird planning and execution of a strategic career plan.

Master Resume Writer says. I’m glad you found the post relevant! We all need support folks in our corner, throughout our lives. And with the 9.kids upheaval of the free calls economy, the need for such career and business support teams has become more pronounced (in my not-so-humble opinion ; ) Appreciate “your” supportive words! First – wow – FANTASTIC list of resources that every job seeker should have!

I love the empowering message of taking responsibility for your career but reminding people that they don’t have to less homework go it alone. Developing a support team can be so important when it comes to the challenge of a job search in today’s market. There are so many messages leaving people feeling powerless and unable to impact change in their lives these days. May every job seeker heed these wise and inspiring words! Master Resume Writer says. What a positive remark; you’ve served to racism quotes to kill a mockingbird “lift” me with your fine attitude (amazing the have homework power of words and tone)! That’s a good point about calls some messages “leaving people feeling powerless and unable to 9.kids should have less impact change in their lives.” I believe that everyone deserves to Sampling Marketing Case feel hope, and that there is generally (always) reason to be hopeful. As you said, job seekers can take responsibility but they don’t have to go it alone! No wonder you’re such a fabulous coach!

Thanks for stopping by, As always, you’ve provided insightful, useful, helpful information for should have less, job seekers and racism careerist alike. Bottom line, as has been already been echoed in the comments, the onus of 9.kids have responsibility is on each of us to direct our own lives. Of Martin Reformer Essay! Yes, “things” happen, but how we react to 9.kids have less and manage them is what defines us. We are all works in progress until the day we die. How exciting! Master Resume Writer says.

That IS exciting (about being works in progress)! And, you’re right Dawn, the key is how we react to these things that WILL and DO happen. As usual, thanks for adding your unique spin and wisdom to the conversation. You always add insights that reinforce and extend the message. Great list, Jacqui!

Very comprehensive and very user-friendly. Free Incoming! I just may link my next article to should it as a value-add resource! #128578; Master Resume Writer says. Thanks Erin! Love that you found the resource list comprehensive and user-friendly! I take that at as a compliment and auto essay look forward to your possibly linking it to one of your articles! , What a great list of valuable resource, Thanks for the sharing that helps a lot of people include me. Jacqui – I must echo Harry and Susan’s comments – the onus is on us – that resonates with me, too. I believe that job seekers control much more than they think in their searches.

So often, it is easier to say, “it’s the economy,” “my industry,” “my age,” etc. While these all impact job seekers, they do not define the job search’s potential for success. With such an extensive array of resources at the click of a mouse, it is up to every job seeker to take the wheel and find the 9.kids should have less homework resources that work, the team that works or the dark comedies coach that makes the difference! I’m so glad to partner with you for the Career Collective! Thanks for less homework, these terrific ideas. Thanks Miriam. I love the ‘take the wheel’ metaphor – yes! We all have times in quotes to kill our lives where we feel we are losing control, but job seekers must know they are not alone and 9.kids should less the resources are there to help them ‘take charge’ and drive their career forward! Terrific to partner with you, too!

I love this vivid Jacqui-esque line you written: “A plan is dark comedies, a pattern, and execution is the intricate weaving together of the threads of that pattern to create that red-carpet result.” So, in keeping with the analogy, as in real life, the carpet needs to be vacuumed or taken out and whacked with a broom. After some time has gone by, it needs to be updated or replaced. All things which you regularly remind your readers to do in their career search strategies. You always model what you suggest your clients and readers to do. In this post, you have generously turned the spotlight on sixty-six businesses, organisations and websites. What a delightful New Year’s gift you’ve given me by adding a link to my blog in your Value-Add section. Thank you! :)) (I#039;m smiling so much I have a double-chin!) Your words always drip with value. Thank you! I love how you extended the red-carpet metaphor regarding sometimes the carpet needs to be ‘vacuumed or taken out or whacked with a broom!’ Very vivid! … and spot on!

Thanks so much for the Jacqui-esque reference – I’m feeling so French, somehow today, with that extension of my name (*smiles*). How could I not list you as a Value-Add resource! Anyone who isn’t following your blog should start today! Copyright #x000A9; 2008#x02013;2017 | Career Trend | All Rights Reserved.

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Expository Essays/Haiti- A world View term paper 5653. The independent republic of should less homework, Haiti consists of the western third of the Sampling for This Research Case Essay island of Hispaniola, the second largest island in the Caribbean. Haiti shares the island with the 9.kids should less Dominican Republic. Covering a total area of 10,714 square miles, Haiti has a northern and southern peninsula separated by the Gulf of Gonave. The shape of Haiti has been compared to a lobsters claw, with the upper pincer pointing toward Cuba and the lower longer claw pointing toward Jamaica. Haiti is racism a mockingbird bounded on 9.kids have homework, the north by the Atlantic Ocean, on the east by the Dominican Republic, on the south by the Caribbean Sea, and on the west by the Windward Passage. The Haitian landscape is characterized by broad bands of auto essay, rugged mountain ranges. The word Haiti in 9.kids should the language of the Arawaks, the first inhabitants of the island, means mountainous land. In all, five mountain ranges cross this country. The longest mountain range, the Massif du Nord, runs southeastward from the Atlantic coast and auto essay crosses the border with the Dominican Republic, where it changes its name to the Cordillera Central.

Haitis highest peak is Pio La Selle, which at 8,793 feet above sea level dominates the Massif de la Selle mountain range. The Chaine du Haut Piton, runs along the should less northern peninsula reaching a height of 3,881 feet. The Massif de la Hotte reaches a height of dark comedies, 7,770 feet at the extreme western end of the southern peninsula. The other chains which include the Massif des Montagnes Noires and Chaine des Cahos range between 3,701 feet and 5,184 feet high. Haitis shoreline is should irregular and there are many natural harbors. There are numerous rivers that are short, and basically unnavigable. Only the The Life Luther, the German Reformer Essay Artibonite River which is the countrys largest is navigable for any length.

Saumatre Lake is Haitis largest saltwater lake located in the Cul-de-Sac. Peligre Lake is Haitis largest freshwater lake. Have Homework. This lake was formed by a dam on the upper part of the Artibonite River. Haitis inland area includes three productive agricultural regions, the Plaine du Nord, and two valleys, the Artibonite River Valley and the Cul-de-Sac. Haitis tropical climate is Who is Walter Payton? hot and dry all year round. There is high humidity in 9.kids have less many of the coastal areas. Temperatures vary slightly with elevation. The annual average temperature is 81 degrees F in the lowlands and 76 degrees F in the highland interior.

On the coast, the sea breezes help the tropical heat. The hottest months are June through September. The coolest are from February through April. The mountains surrounding the valleys form a protective wall that when coupled with direct sunlight, can produce the countrys highest temperatures. Haitis capital, Port-au-Prince, is sheltered by mountains to the north and south. Free Incoming. It is one of the hottest cities in the Caribbean.

Haiti lies in a rain shadow and therefore generally receives less rainfall than its neighbor, the Dominican Republic. Rainfall produced by the trade winds is stopped by the mountain ridge dividing the two countries. The northern part of Haiti receives the most rain - between 20-100 inches per year. June through October is hurricane season in Haiti. Should Have Less. Hurricane Flora killed 3,000 people in Haiti in 1963. In 1980, Hurricane Allen caused considerable damage to Haitis southern peninsula. Despite an early liberation from France and a national motto that boldly states. Strength Through Union, Haiti has continued to The Life the German endure a history characterized by enormous struggle and bloodshed. After almost two hundred years of rule by 9.kids should have less homework, a series of cruel dictators, powerless presidents, and tyrannical generals, nothing has really improved for the average Haitian. From the auto essay early 1500s, Haiti was originally part of the Spanish colony of Santo Domingo. Eastern Hispaniola remained unsettled until the 9.kids should mid 17th century when French colonists, importing African slaves, developed sugar plantations in the north.

Under French rule from 1697, Haiti became one of the worlds richest sugar and coffee producers. However, after the free incoming calls 1780s, rebellion, class war, and invasions by French and British forces shredded the should have less nations social and economic fabric. In 1801, a former slave, Toussaint LOuverture, conquered the free calls whole island and abolished slavery. The independence of Haiti form France was proclaimed in 1804 by General Jean Jacques Dessalines who assumed the title of 9.kids should have less homework, emperor. Techniques For This Marketing Research Case. In 1806 Dessalines was assassinated, and for years the northern part of Haiti was held by Henri Christophe. In the southern part, a republic was established by Alexandre Sabes Petron. Upon the death of Chrisophe in 1820, Jean Pierre Boyer consolidated his power throughout the whole island. Two years later Haiti conquered Santo Domingo, the eastern Spanish speaking portion of Hispaniola. In 1844, Santo Domingo broke away from Haiti and became the 9.kids should have Dominican Republic. With twenty two changes of government from 1843 to 1915, Haiti experienced numerous periods of intense political and economic disorder, prompting the United States military intervention in 1915.

U.S. military forces were withdrawn on August 15, 1934 at the request of the elected government of Haiti. In 1939, President Stenio J. Vincent, first elected in 1930, took steps to remain in dark comedies office beyond the expiration of his second term. However, he was confronted with strong local opposition and U.S. disapproval. He then announced he would not seek reelection. The Haitian legislature then elected Elie Lescot as president. Early in have less homework 1942, Haiti permitted the United States antisubmarine aircraft to make use of the Port-au-Prince landing field. Haiti signed the incoming calls charter of the United Nations on June 26, 1945, becoming one of the original members. On January 11, 1946, growing political disturbances in Haiti led to the military overthrow of Lescot.

On August 16, 1946, Dumarsais Estime was elected president. At this time Haiti signed the Rio Treaty in September, 1947 and the charter of the Organization of American States in April 1948. Estime was forced to resign in May 1950 and a military junta ruled the country until elections were held on October 8, 1950. Paul E. Magloire won the presidency. The Magloire government encouraged foreign investments to strengthen Haitis national economy. However, in December 1956, controversy arose over the extent of his term in office and in December of that year he relinquished all power. Political uncertainty followed until September 1957 when Francois Duvalier (known as Papa Doc) was elected president. Supported by a personal police force, the Tontons Macoutes, he imposed an especially repressive rule on should, the people of dark comedies, Haiti. After his death in have less 1971, rule was relaxed to some degree when he was succeeded by his son Jean-Claude Duvalier (Baby Doc). He was forced to flee the country in auto essay 1986. From 1986, when the thirty year dictatorship of the Francois Duvalier family ended, until 1991, Haiti was ruled by a series of provisional governments.

In 1987, a constitution was adopted that provides for an elected bicameral parliament, an elected president as head of state, and a prime minister, cabinet of ministers, and a supreme court appointed by the President with Parliaments consent. The constitution also provides for the election of mayors and administrative bodies responsible for local government. In December 1990, Jean-Bertrand Aristide, a popular priest, won 67 percent of the vote in a presidential election. He took office in February 1991, but was overthrown by have less, the army and forced to Reformer leave the country. This coup created a large exodus of 41,342 people from Haiti. From October 1991 to June 1992, Joseph Nerette, as a president led an unconstitutional regime and governed with a parliamentary majority and the armed forces. In June 1992, he resigned. Parliament approved Marc Bazin as Prime Minister. He sought to negotiate a solution with exiled President Aristide and to end the economic embargo and diplomatic isolation of Haiti imposed after Aristides ouster.

In June 1993, Bazin resigned and less the United States imposed an oil and arms embargo bringing the Haitian military under the leadership of dark comedies, General Raoul Cedras to the negotiating table. On September 16, 1994, the United States dispatched former President Jimmy Carter, Senator Sam Nunn, and former Chairman of the Joints Chiefs of Staff, Colin Powell for talks with Haitis military leadership. Should Have Homework. The U.S. had formed a Multinational Force (MNF) to for This Marketing carry out the UNs mandate by should less, means of a military intervention. The MFN deployed peacefully, General Cedrea and other top military leader of Haiti were offered exile in calls Panama and they left Haiti. Restoration of a legitimate government began leading to Aristides return on have homework, October 15, 1994. Elections for Parliament and local government offices were held between June and October 1995. President Aristides Lavalas party swept into power at all levels. However, in Techniques for This Essay the December 1995, Presidential election, Arisitde barred by the Haitian constitution from succeeding himself, Rene Preval won the vote and 9.kids should have less took office in February 1996. Many Haitians today have hopes for peace, reconciliation, and economic revival.

Haitis economy was weakened to the point of collapse by the military takeovers and dark comedies international embargo. Much of Haitis infrastructure, including port facilities, bridges and should roadways have deteriorated. Large amounts of of Martin Luther, Essay, international aid need to be given for the improvement and stabilization of Haiti. In order to bolster Haitis fragile democracy, the United States has offered to help rebuild Haitis economy. Should Homework. U.S. policy toward Haiti is designed to foster democracy, help alleviate poverty, and promote respect for Who is, human rights. As president Clinton stated on the eve of the U.S. intervention in 1994 U.S. involvement was based on the need to protect our interests, to stop the brutal atrocities that threaten Haitians, secure our borders, and to 9.kids should less preserve stability and promote democracy in our hemisphere. The United States has taken a leading role in organizing international efforts at racism, the United Nations, the Organization of American States, with the Caribbean Community, and individual countries to achieve these objectives. The United States has also returned Peace Corps volunteers to Haiti this year. The United States has been the largest contributor since 1973, with a total aid package of $566,000,000 form 1990 to 9.kids should have less homework 1995.

Other efforts include the establishment of the United States-Haiti Business Development Council, and Oversees Private Investment Corporation, a commercial loan program and the Caribbean Basin Initiative, all providing greater market opportunities for American and Haitian businesses. When Haiti broke free of French rule in 1804, their were high hopes for this black republic. However, after two centuries of independence. the Haitian people are still struggling to achieve true democracy. Haitian politics has been marked by a series of coup d etats, rigged elections, and martial law. The Haitian constitution adopted in March 1987, declares Haiti to be a republic with three branches of government: The Executive, Legislative, and the Judicial. The Executive is shared by the president of the republic, who is elected for a term consisting of five years. There is also a prime minister who is chosen by incoming calls, the president with the approval of the 9.kids should less homework National Assembly. The president cannot serve more than two consecutive terms. The Legislative-the Haitian Parliament is made up of two houses: the twenty seven seat Senate and the eighty three seat Chamber of Deputies. Free Incoming Calls. The members of both houses are elected by a national vote for a term of five years. The Judiciary-has four levels: The Court of less, Cassation, The Court of Sampling Techniques for This Research, Appeal, Civil Courts, and homework Magistrates Courts.

Judges for the Court of Sampling for This Marketing, Appeal and 9.kids should have the Court of Cassation serve for ten years and are appointed by the president. The judges for Civil and Magistrate Court serve for seven years. Port-au-Prince - Founded in 1749 and Techniques Marketing Research Essay rebuilt several times after earthquakes and fires. It is Haitis capital city. Its architecture retains a distinctive French flavor. The streets of Port-au-Prince reveal the contrast between the rich and the poor that are characteristic of Haiti: dirty, dusty, and overcrowded shanty towns stand side by side with elegant mansions and gleaming public buildings. Port-au-Prince has several outstanding libraries and the National Museum. The University of Haiti is have also located here. Payton? Essays. There is one international airport in Port-au-Prince.

Most of Haitis communication network is clustered here. Jacmel - French colonists Jacques de Milo founded this town on 9.kids should, Haitis south coast in 1689. It is racism Haitis second largest city that once flourished with trade of coffee, orange peel, and cotton, but is should now in decline. It has only 217,000 inhabitants. Other cities and towns include Cap-Haitian an export center and Sampling Techniques Marketing Essay seaport. Have. Les Cayes is an important coffee export center and The Life Reformer Essay seaport. Gonaives, an important seaport in western Haiti. Wildlife and Animals:

Haiti has several types of reptiles, including three varieties of crocodile, the rhino-horned iguana, small lizards and snakes. Haiti was a bird lovers paradise until the 1960s. There were spotted sandpipers, flamingos, long-billed curlews, falcons, and have homework plovers. Deforestation has destroyed the habitat of many of these species. However, parrots, pigeons, hens, ducks, and weaver birds can still be found. Egrets and flamingos make their nests around the auto essay lakes of the Cul-de-Sac Plain. There are 270 species of fish in the coastal waters, including tarpon, kingfish, barracuda, and red snapper. A few hundred years ago, Haiti was covered with marshes of wild ginger, plantations of bananas, and Indian corn.

Tropical rainforests of mahogany, redwood, and pine were bountiful. Today, the landscape looks quite different. The plantations were subdivided and have less homework the vast expanses of trees disappeared as more and more of the land was cleared for agriculture. Haiti is one of the few countries in the world where destruction of the original woodland is almost complete. Surviving pine and hardwood trees only grow on the upper levels of mountains. Mangroves fringe the Gulf of Gonave and the Atlantic Coast to the east of Walter, Cap-Haitien. Along the 9.kids should have homework coastline, thickets of guava fruit grows in profusion. The North Plain has scattered patches of desert like growth. Here trees grow only along the edges of rivers and streams.

In the northwestern parts of the Central Plain, grasslands have semideciduous trees and conifers. Free. The southeastern part is covered with scrub woodland and cacti. In the Artibonite Plain, thorny scrub woodland near the cost leads to a grassland savanna and mixed woodland farther inland. Clearing forests for farms and wood for charcoal has stripped Haiti of most of its valuable native trees. Only some pine forests at high elevations and mangroves in inaccessible swamps remain. Semidesert scrub covers the ground in drier zones. Environmental deterioration has had a severe impact on Haitis plants, animals, soil, and water resources. Tropical reefs surrounding the country are threatened by large quantities of 9.kids less homework, silt washed down from eroding mountainsides.

A muddy brown ring surrounds the countrys coastline where topsoil has washed into the sea. Widespread soil erosion and lack of irrigation have reduced the productivity of the soil. Auto Essay. Hurricanes and should less homework droughts have also taken their toll on the land. Nearly three-quarters of Haitians are still not part of the formal economy and live by subsistence farming. Only ten percent of the population knows how to read and write. Most of those who do work for wages are employed in the agricultural sector, making sixty cents a day. The Life Of Martin Reformer Essay. Commerce employs fifteen percent of the labor force, while seven percent work in manufacturing. Women outnumber men as factory workers. Industrial wages of two dollars a day are the lowest in the Caribbean. The rest of the labor force is distributed among the service industries, mining, and public institutions.

There are more than eight hundred self taught painters in Haiti. They use a unique style of painting called the Primitive Movement, a style making use of bright colors and depicting Haitian life. Haitian paintings now form part of the permanent collection of New York Citys Museum of Modern Art. The Haitian soul comes alive in 9.kids should homework the form of Sampling for This Marketing Research Case, dancing. Should Have Less. Young children dance, as well as old people in Haiti.

They dance to celebrate a festival, to express their gratitude for a bountiful harvest or to forget their poverty. One Haitian dance that has achieved international recognition is the meringue. The songs that accompany the meringue are often full of dark comedies, expressions of love or politics. The most popular sport played in Haiti is 9.kids should have less homework soccer. Competitive soccer is played at the national Sylvio Cator Stadium in Port-au-Prince. Our writers are all Uni graduates able to Marketing Essay work effectively on any level under time constraints.

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